Process to address Dentistry Facebook comments
Last updated May 28, 2015
Dalhousie’s process to address the offensive Facebook posts consists of four initiatives, aimed at addressing both the specific incident and its broader implications.
- The Restorative Justice (RJ) process, which proceeded following a complaint under Dalhousie’s Sexual Harassment Policy. This process responded to the Facebook posts, as well as addressed larger culture and climate issues raised by the complainants. It involved male students who were members of the Facebook group, as well as female students in the DDS Class of 2015, the Faculty, the University, members of the dental profession and the wider community. This process, which began on December 16, 2014, successfully concluded on May 6, 2015. (Read the full report.)
- The Academic Standards Class Committee (ASCC), which has responsibility and authority for determining when each student has met the academic and professional standards for graduation. The ASCC concluded that through their contributions to restorative justice, the 12 Facebook group members who took part in the process successfully remediated their behaviour and met the professionalism standards required for graduation. While details of the ASCC consideration of the 13th Facebook group member are confidential, we can confirm he has met the professionalism and academic requirements for graduation.
- The Task Force on Misogyny, Sexism and Homophobia in the Faculty of Dentistry, led by Professor Constance Backhouse of the University of Ottawa. The Task Force is conducting an independent investigation into the culture in the Faculty of Dentistry, and is reviewing Dalhousie’s existing policies which address misogyny, sexism and homophobia. Its report is expected by June 30, 2015.
- Dalhousie’s Strategic Initiative on Diversity and Inclusiveness, an existing Strategic Priority at Dalhousie, was given new urgency in light of the Dentistry situation. Its phase one committee (led by Dean of Law Kim Brooks and a committee of students, faculty and staff) released the “Belong” report on March 5, 2015 with more than 60 recommendations for the university. Phase two will focus on implementing some short (one-year), mid (1-3 years) and long-term (3 – 5 years) recommendations. Project plans and teams are currently being identified. Progress will be tracked and shared regularly with the Dal community.
An Open Statement from the Participants in Dalhousie’s Restorative Justice Process to Address Harms Related to the Dalhousie Dentistry Student (DDS2015) Facebook Group Posts issued March 1st, 2015.
Disclaimer: This open letter to the Dalhousie community is being shared by the 29 members of the fourth-year Dentistry class who are participating in the restorative justice process. It is posted here in its full, unedited form at the request of the students involved. The restorative justice process to address the Facebook comments began in late December and is ongoing. This letter authored by the students provides an update on the restorative justice process and their experiences thus far.
We, the 29 members of the class of DDS2015 participating in the restorative justice process, offer this public update to share some information about the process and our experience so far. This statement reflects our collective experience and sentiments. It is divided in order to offer some reflections directly from the members of the Facebook group engaged in our process, from the directly impacted women within the restorative justice process, and from the entire participant group. Our process includes 12 members of the DDS2015 Facebook group, 6 women named in the Facebook posts made public, and 11 women and men from the directly affected class of DDS2015.
We are providing this statement at this time because we anticipate an update from the Academic Standards Class Committee (ASCC). The ASCC has been kept informed of the work within the restorative process aimed at remediating behaviour and addressing the harms related to the incident. We want to share some of this information with the broader community and the public so that they are able to understand our perspectives and experience within the process as well.
From the Members of the DDS2015 Facebook Group in the Restorative Justice Process
From the beginning of this process in December we felt incredibly remorseful and took ownership of what we did (individually and collectively). Our conduct as members of the Facebook group was hurtful, painful, and wrong. It has impacted our classmates, friends, families, faculty, staff, patients, the university community, the profession and the public. Our actions have led to significant consequences for us, but also for others. Many of the consequences we have experienced both personally and professionally are a natural result of our actions and we own those consequences. Our actions have also had profound consequences for others that we own with deep regret. We know that our conduct has damaged trust in many important relationships. We know that we must work to earn back this trust. Since December we have been engaged in the intensive and difficult self-reflection and development required to start the process of earning back the trust of our colleagues, families, professors, the university community, the profession and the public. This will take time but we will work each day to model the personal and professional core values to which we are committed and that will guide us now and in the future. We hope one day to regain the trust of those we have harmed and impacted.
Our silence has been interpreted by some as cowardice – as if we are hiding from our responsibilities. It has been very tempting to satisfy calls for us to say we are sorry. Doing so would have made us feel better, but it would have been self-serving if not based upon the hard work necessary to gain the depth of understanding required for meaningful and sincere apology. We are committed to continue to work through the restorative process to develop this understanding. We know much more than saying ‘sorry’ is required. We are doing the hard work to figure out how to truly be sorry. We owe meaningful apologies to those we have impacted most directly first.
Through the process we have had the opportunity to offer some of these apologies already and they have been accepted. We continue to work to be worthy of their acceptance. Only after we have done more of this work would we be ready to offer broader apologies to the community and the public. Through the restorative justice process we are doing the work required to be sorry – to confront the harms we have caused, to accept our responsibility, to figure out what is needed of us to make things right, and to gain the knowledge, skills and capacities to be trusted healthcare professionals. This is difficult and time consuming work - and it should be. We are committed to seeing this through. The process has engaged individuals from the faculty, university, the profession and the public. Involvement from these groups will continue and expand as the process moves to further examine the broader circumstances, causes and consequences of this situation. We have already learned much about ourselves, the consequences of our actions, and our contribution to the culture and climate within the faculty and the university. Our work has included: providing detailed accounts of our participation in the Facebook group and events following its discovery as part of the investigation; regular contact with the restorative facilitators since December (at a minimum weekly, in many cases daily); participation in regular and ongoing meetings with facilitators individually, in small groups and with the entire group to explore harms and impacts, accept responsibility and consider what actions are necessary to make amends. Sessions have included educational workshops and training modules supported by experts in the fields of public safety and security, sexualized and gendered violence and trauma, psychology and counselling, law and human rights, religion, and conflict resolution. In addition, we have taken specific in depth educational workshops to better understand misogyny and rape culture and bystander intervention.
We do not know what the outcomes of the process will be because this work is still underway. We know that we cannot go back and undo what has happened, but we are committed to making this experience matter - to contribute to the change that is needed. The need for change in ourselves became very clear through deep reflection on our failures and harmful actions. We also recognize that we have an opportunity and responsibility to contribute to necessary changes in the climate and culture within our faculty, the university community and in the profession we aspire to be a part of one day. We are committed to giving back and making a positive contribution to our communities. We have been given the opportunity, through this restorative justice process, to confront what we have done, the harm it has caused, and to learn what we need to do to become the trusted professionals we want to be. We are very grateful for the commitment of time, expertise and support that has made this possible. We will endeavour to be worthy of this opportunity and to contribute back to the community in equal measure.
From the Women of the Class of DDS2015 involved in the Restorative Justice Process
As women directly impacted by the Facebook posts released to the media, we decided to participate in this restorative justice process as a way to address the harmful conduct revealed by the posts and our experiences of the broader culture they reflect within our faculty, university and society. We respect that everyone who has been directly impacted by this situation deserves equal opportunity to proceed in a way in which they are comfortable. We wish to be accorded the same respect for this justice path we have chosen. We made this choice informed of all of the options available to us and came to our decision independently and without coercion. We have exercised restraint in discussing our perspective in the media but, to be clear, we do not feel that the coverage on social and mainstream media has been representative of our unique or common experiences. Many people (some with good intentions) have spoken about us and in the process often attempted to speak for us in ways that we have experienced as harmful, silencing and re-traumatizing. Our perspective and decision to proceed through this process has often not been honoured or trusted but dismissed or criticized based on the decisions or perspectives of others. We are strong, well-educated professional women with words of our own to explain what we are going through and how we want to proceed. We have chosen individually and collectively to use our words carefully and selectively in public so as not to add fuel to the media fire which has been extremely hurtful to all of us. Some of the political tactics and debates surrounding this situation have made it challenging to proceed with a restorative justice process in the way we wished and these outside factors have caused renewed harms. At times, the volume of public opinion has drowned out our voices on what we need and want in this situation. We feel, for example, that our views were not central to the decision-making process to segregate members of our class known to be involved in the Facebook posts. While this decision may have satisfied others’ needs or interests, it has done nothing for us in terms of instilling a sense of safety or respect. Instead, it fragmented and alienated us at a time when we were particularly in need of support from our class community. Many have asserted that all women feel unsafe, but this is not the case for us - we feel safe with the members of the Facebook group involved in this restorative process.
The restorative process has provided a very important space for us to engage safely and respectfully with our colleagues and others to convey our perspectives and needs. The process allows us to be involved in a manner that both respects and values our unique perspectives and the level of commitment and connection we desire. Additionally, it allows us to address underlying systemic and institutional issues influencing the climate and culture in which we live and learn. We want this process to make a significant contribution to bringing about a change in that culture and hope that we will be given the respect, time and space needed to do this work.
From All Participants of the Class of DDS2015 involved in the Restorative Justice Process
We are all committed to working together within the restorative justice process to deal with the specific and broader issues and harms connected to the Facebook group. Through this process we are dealing with the immediate incident at hand while also investigating the contributing factors that got us here as a class, faculty, and university. We hope this letter sheds some light on our process so far, on what we hope to accomplish, and on some of the challenges we have faced. We believe that the education and perspective that we are gaining through our participation in the restorative justice process will allow us to be better healthcare providers, colleagues, and representatives of Dalhousie University. We ask, as a group, that our privacy and our right to pursue this restorative process off the public stage be respected. The constant public attention has been harmful and even sometimes threatening to us, our families and friends. We will engage with the broader communities and issues involved through the restorative process, but first need to continue to work to understand and address the immediate harms involved. We hope that through this process our voices and experiences will make significant contributions to the important public discussions about sexism, misogyny, inclusion, and professionalism.
March 6 update on Academic Standards Class Committee (ASCC) process
Dalhousie University is providing the following update regarding the offensive Facebook posts by some members of the Dentistry (DDS) Class of 2015.
The Academic Standards Class Committee (ASCC) is evaluating each of the men’s individual cases. Over the last two months, the work of the Academic Standards Class Committee has included reviewing the Facebook material; receiving submissions from the students; meeting individually with each of the 13 members of the Facebook group; receiving legal submissions; receiving reports from restorative justice (for those participating in restorative justice); and extensive deliberations within the committee.
As part of their procedures, the ASCC is required to review the suspension from clinic. The ASCC has carefully considered whether a conditional return to clinic for the 13 members of the Facebook group would create any risk to students, staff and the public. Earlier this week, the ASCC determined that the 12 Facebook group members taking part in restorative justice could return to clinic under a number of conditions.
Today, the ASCC has determined that the 13th member of the Facebook group may also return to clinic under a number of conditions, specific to his circumstances.
Dalhousie’s actions in response to the offensive Facebook posts have been guided by a just process. The process has, and will continue to, comply with the law and university policies, and respect the rights of those involved. Much of the work under the policies involved is confidential, to ensure that Dalhousie respects the privacy of all students involved.