Degree Requirements

Earth Sciences BSc Majors complete a minimum of 42 credit hours in Earth Sciences courses above the 1000 level. Honours students complete a minimum of 54 credit hours. Research and other experiential learning opportunities are available through laboratories and research project classes.

Departmental requirements

In addition to fulfilling the requirements outlined in the Academic Regulations and College of Arts and Science Degree Requirements sections of the university calendar, students in a Major program in Earth Sciences must complete the following courses:

Student Guidebook to Earth Sciences

1000 level

·         ERTH 1080: Geology I and ERTH 1090 or ERTH 1091: Geology II

·         MATH 1000: Differential and Integral Calculus I (recommended) or MATH 1215: Life Sciences Calculus or equivalent and one other MATH course

·         CHEM 1011: Concepts in Chemistry: Structure and Reactivity and CHEM 1012: Concepts in Chemistry: Energy and Equilibrium

Students in the Integrated Science Program should contact the department regarding first year equivalencies.

2000 level  

·         ERTH 2001: Mineralogy

·         ERTH 2002: Introduction to Petrology

·         ERTH 2110: Field Methods

·         ERTH 2203: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

·         ERTH 2380: Geochemistry

3000 level  

·         ERTH 3001: Field School

·         ERTH 3140: Structural Geology

·         ERTH 3303: Stratigraphy

Additional Courses

A minimum of 18 credit hours at or above the 3000 level.


Complete the Major program outlined above, plus:

·         PHYC 1190: Introduction to Physics and PHYC 1290: Introduction to Physics (recommended), or PHYC 1310 and 1320 (formerly 1300XY): Physics In and Around You

·         ERTH 2270: Introduction to Applied Geophysics

·         ERTH 4201 and 4202: Honours Thesis

·         One additional ERTH elective at or above the 2000 level

·         A minimum GPA of 3.5 in all ERTH courses and no grade below C in ERTH courses

·         Information on the Honours thesis and applying is available here

Minors and Combined Degrees

Refer to the academic calendar for minimum requirements for minors, double majors and combined honours.

Field Work

Field excursions are part of many courses and are conducted at appropriate times during the session. In addition, some optional field excursions may be held each year. Note that some mandatory field trips may be held on Saturdays or Sundays. Field Schools ERTH 3001 is required for most degree programs and is offered for about 15 days in late August, just before the start of the University fall term.