Data Management

Data Management, Governance and Sovereignty

A data management plan is essential in Indigenous research for both primary and secondary data. The researcher, along with their community or organization partner, work together to create a management plan for the data.

The data management plan is also typically outlined within the project’s collaborative research agreement. Principles such as OCAP® (Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession) and CARE (Collective Benefit, Authority to Control, Responsibility and Ethics), along with many other resources provide guidance and support for this process.

First Nations Indigenous Governance Centre (FNIGC)

The First Nations Indigenous Governance Centre (FNIGC) – in partnership with Algonquin College Corporate Training, offers an online course called The Fundamentals of OCAP® (Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession).

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

The Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami has developed a National Inuit Strategy on Research. Priority Area 4: Ensure access, ownership and control over data and information.

Dal Research Library Guide

The Dal Research Library Guide provides a broad range of tools and resources to build a data management plan. Researchers can access example, tutorials, templates, repository options, copyright information, citations instructions and style guide.

Global Indigenous Data Alliance

The Global Indigenous Data Alliance promotes Indigenous control of Indigenous data through the CARE Principles of Indigenous Governance.

The Information Governance & Data Projects (IGDP)

The Information Governance & Data Projects (IGDP) office, which is housed at the Union of Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq (UNSM), administers data related projects on behalf of all thirteen Nova Scotia First Nation Communities, the two Prince Edward Island First Nation Communities, one First Nation in New Brunswick, and the only land based First Nation Community in Newfoundland. 


The presentation Be FAIR and CARE: The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance presented by EarthCube NSF (2021) features speaker Dr. Lydia Jennings, University of Arizona.

Scholarly Articles:

Consolidated criteria for strengthening reporting of health research involving Indigenous peoples: the CONSIDER statement (2019)

Indigenous Data Sovereignty: Toward an agenda (Vol. 38). ANU Press (2016)

A digital bundle: protecting and promoting Indigenous knowledge online (2018)

First Nations data sovereignty in Canada - IOS Press covers a description of the data and information context with which First Nations operate in Canada. First Nations Data Sovereignty in Canada.

For health-related research, Huria et al. (2019) have developed the CONSIDER Statement. This statement provides a checklist criterion of eight domains of research practice for health research involving Indigenous peoples.