Programs
Useful links for Current Students
To find services and resources, visit the For Current Students section.
Undergraduate Programs
For students interested in physics at the undergraduate level, there are a number of options, including a Bachelor of Science (BSc) with a major in Physics or a BSc with Honours in Physics. We offer specializations in a number of physics subdisciplines. Our Majors and Honours students can opt to complete one of the following physics streams where students select six courses in a given field of interest:
Applied Materials
New materials are needed to respond to any of society's technological challenges, such as clean energy and transportation. This stream gives you exposure to the industrial side of materials physics with hands on courses in materials characterization and simulation. These are complemented with a selection of more fundamental materials courses.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

ENGI 1203: Mechanics I: Statics  
ENGI 2204: Mechanics of Materials  ENGI 1203 
MATL 3500: Materials Engineering  None 
MECH 3660: FEM in Mechanical Design  ENGI 2204 
Plus two of the following:  
PHYC 3900: Soft Matter  
PHYC 4230: Solid State  
SCIE 4705: Science Innovation, Commercialization, and Entrepreneurship  
ECED 4350: Semiconductor Materials and Devices  
PHYC 3303: Material Science  CHEM 1011, CHEM 1012 
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Numerial Computing  
Physics Majors would be expected to also complete the following courses:  
PHYC 3640: Quantum I  
PHYC 3210: Stat Mech  
PHYC 3000: Experimental Physics I  
PHYC 3010: Experimental Physics II 
Astrophysics
Astrophysics is the application of physics to the study of the evolution of stars and planets, and the origins of the universe. This stream provides you with two introductory courses to the subject and the physics background to address these fundamental questions from both theoretical and observational perspectives. Additional courses could be chosen through St. Mary’s University.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

PHYC 2451: Solar system Astronomy  
PHYC 2452: Stellar and Galactic Astrophysics  
ERTH 2020: Journey Through The Solar System  
PHYC 3540: Optics  
Plus two of the following:  
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Numerial Computing  
PHYC 4660: Cosmology  Permission of instructor 
PHYC 4650: General Relativity  MATH 3045 
PHYC 4180: Nuclear Physics  PHYC 3640: Quantum I 
Physics Majors should consider also completing the following courses that are useful for astrophysicists:  
PHYC 3640: Quantum I  
PHYC 3210: Stat Mech  
PHYC 3200: Thermodynamics 
Biophysics
Biophysics is an interdisciplinary field that applies the tools traditionally used in physics to bring a quantitative perspective to biological systems. The stream teaches you how to apply quantitative analysis to living systems. Several of the courses can be used towards a minor in biology.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

BIOL 1010: Principles of Biology Part I 

BIOL 1011: Principles of Biology Part II 

STAT 2060: Introduction to Probability and Statistics  
PHYC 3900: Soft Matter  
Plus at least two of the following:  
*BIOL 2004: Diversity of Plants and Microorganisms  
MICI 2100: Introductory Microbiology  BIOL 1010, BIOL 1011, CHEM 1011, CHEM 1012 
*BIOL 2060: Introductory Ecology  STAT 2060 
*BIOL 2020: Cell biology  BIOL 1010, BIOL 1011 
ANAT 2160: Introduction to Human Histology  BIOL 2020 
Computation Courses:  
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Numerical Computing  
STAT 2080: Statistical Methods for Data Analysis and Inference  STAT 2060 
CSCI 4180: Intro to Computational Biology & Bioinformatics  CSCI 2132  Software Development, and STAT 2060 
Other Courses:  
OCEA 4230: Biology of phytoplankton  Permission of instructor 
BIOE 4391: Polymeric Biomaterials  None 
*BIOL 3326: Vertebrate Design: Evolution and Function  *BIOL 2003  Animal Diversity and *BIOL 2040  Evolution 
* Six courses at the 2000level or above meet the requirements for a minor in biology 
Computational Physics
Computational physicists perform experiments on computers, which have become increasingly important due to the rise in complexity of problems that physics addresses. The computational techniques learned in this stream are transferable across many disciplines such as biology, oceanography, mathematics, finance, and computer science. Courses in this stream can be used towards a Certificate in Information Technology.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

CSCI 1110: Computer Science  Some programming experience 
CSCI 2110: Data Structures and Algorithms  CSCI 1110 
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Numerical Computing  
Plus two from the list of suggested courses:  
CSCI 2114: Mathematical Applications in Computing  CSCI 1110 
STAT 2080: Statistical Methods for Data Analysis and Inference  STAT 2060 
CSCI 2132: SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  
CSCI 4180: Intro to Computational Biology & Bioinformatics  STAT 2060 and CSCI 2132 
CSCI 3151: Web Intelligence  MATH 2112, STAT 2060, CSCI 2141 
NOTE: CSCI 3151 has following prerequisits:  
MATH 2112: Discrete Structures I  CSCI 1110 
STAT 2060: Introduction to Probability and Statistics  
CSCI 2141: Introduction to Database Systems 
Environmental Physics
Climate change is one of the defining problems our time. This stream provides you with the skills and knowledge to understand our evolving atmosphere. Many of the courses in this stream can be used towards a Diploma in Meterology.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

PHYC 2310: Energy and the Environment  
PHYC 2800: Climate Change  
*PHYC 4411: Atmospheric Dynamics I  
*PHYC 4570: Radiative Transfer  
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods or PHYC 4250: Topics in Comp 

Plus at least one of the following:  
PHYC 2270: Intro to Applied Geophysics  
*PHYC 4412: Atmospheric Dynamics II  
OCEA 4220: Numerical Modelling of Atmospheres and Ocean  * Recommended that you take a computational course and PHYC 4411 before this course 
STAT4390/OCEA4210: Time Series Analysis  Instructor's consent (STAT 3340, 3360 and 3460 listed as prereq's, but not required 
ENVS 3601: Global Biogeochemical Cycles  CHEM 1011 and one of ENVS 1000.06 or ENVS 1100.03 and ENVS 1200.03, SUST 1001.06, ERTH 1080.03, or ERTH 1090.03, or OCEA 2000.06, or OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 
*PHYC 4520: Intro to Atmos Science  
*PHYC4505: Atmospheric Physics  
*PHYC4595: Atmospheric Chemistry  
Physics Majors would be expected to also complete the following courses:  
PHYC 3200: Thermodynamics  
* These course can be used towards the Diploma in Meteorology. https://www.mathstat.dal.ca/~folkins/meteorology.dalhousie.html 
Leadership in Physics
Our society needs leaders who can communicate the importance of the latest technological advances to the public and our politicians, and be part of policy making decisions. These courses help to strengthen your communication skills and to place your field of study in the broader context. The following are a subset of courses that fulfill the Certificate in Leadership and Communication. The stream can also be used to satisfy the humanities requirements for a BSc degree and can be taken in conjunction with another physics stream.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

PHYC 2850: Science and Economics of Climate Change  Any first year science class 
SCIE 3111: Communicating science  Permission of instructor 
PHIL 2680: Ethics in Science  None 
PHYC 3010: Experimental Physics II  
Choose one of the following:  
HSTC 2400: Science in the Media  
HSTC 2205: Totalitarianism and Science  
HSTC 3411: Feminism and Science  
HSTC 1801: Technology and Engineering: from Industrial Age to Cybernetic Age  
HSTC 4000: Science Nature and the Modern Period  
PHIL 2660: Understanding Scientific Reasoning  
PHIL 2480: Environmental Ethics  
Plus a Leadership Porfolio 
Materials Physics
Materials are central to any technological advance or solution. Fundamental studies into the physics of materials have lead to the constantly emerging technologies that we use every day, including the Liion batteries that power our laptops and electric vehicles, and the computer electronics and harddrives that enable our social media. Clean energy is critical to our future, and materials physics promises to deliver the solutions for a sustainable future with novel lowcost solar cells and batteries. The courses in this stream can be used towards a Certificate in Materials Science.
Recommended courses  Prerequisites 

*PHYC 3900: Soft Matter  
*PHYC 4230: Solid State  
PHYC 4460: Advanced Optics  
ECED 4350: Semiconductor Materials and Devices  
Plus 2 at least three of the following:  
PHYC 3540: Optics  
*ERTH 2001: Minerology  ERTH1080, CHEM1011/CHEM1012 
*PHYC 3303: Materials Science  CHEM 1012 and PHYC 3200 (can be corequisite) 
PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Numerial Computing  
Physics Majors would be expected to also complete the following courses:  
PHYC 3640: Quantum I  
PHYC 3210: Stat Mech  
* Completion of these courses with a minimum grade of B, together with and honour's project with a material's emphasis meets the requirement for the Certificate in Materials Science 
Meteorology (Diploma)
Completed as part of a fouryear BSc in Physics, or following the completion of a bachelor's degree in any science, math or other quantitativebased program. See our Atmospheric Science page for more information.
Physics Without all the Math
Physics, atmospheric science and astronomy courses beyond the first year, but without math prerequisites past the 1000level. This course can be used to obtain a minor in physics, which consists of six courses at the 2000level or above.
Recommended Courses  Prerequisites 

PHYC 2515: Modern Physics  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2250: Physics of Medical and Biological Tech  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2150: Tools experiment  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2310: Energy and the Environment  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2800: Climate Change  None 
PHYC 2451: Solar system Astronomy  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2452: Stellar and Galactic Astrophysics  PHYC1190+1290 or PHYC1310+1320 
PHYC 2850: Science and Economics of Climate Change  Any first year science course 
NOTE: 6 of these course are sufficient for a minor in physics 
Theoretical Physics
Theoretical physics encompasses fundamental theories across all scales, from the quantum world to the massive galactic systems governed by Einstein's theory of General Relativity. This stream provides you with a strong mathematical and computational foundation, giving students the opportunity to pursue interests in advanced theoretical courses.
Recommended Courses  Prerequisites 

PHYC 3250: Computational Methods  
PHYC 4250: Topics in Comp  
Plus at least two of the following:  
PHYC 3900: Soft Matter  
PHYC 4230: Solid State  
PHYC 4660: Cosmology  Permission of instructor 
PHYC 4650: General Relativity  MATH 3045 
Plus at least two of the following:  
MATH 2040: Matrix Theo/Linear Algebra II  
MATH 3045: Curves and Surfaces  MATH 2002 and MATH 2040 
MATH 4540: Applied Analysis  MATH 3120 or MATH 3260 and MATH 3501 
MATH 4530: Differential Geometry  MATH 3045 
MATH 4220: Intro Partial Diff Equations  MATH 3120 
STAT 3340: Regression Analysis  STAT 2080 
STAT 2060: Intro Probability & Stats  
Physics Majors would be expected to also complete the following courses:  
PHYC 3640: Quantum I  
PHYC 3590: Adv Class Mech  
PHYC 3210: Stat Mech  
MATH 3120: Differential equations  
PHYC 3200: Thermodynamics  
PHYC 3100: Electrodynamics  
PHYC 4151: Quantum II  
PHYC 4160: Math Methods  
Note: Theoretical Physics Stream can be used towards a Minor in Math. The requirements include:  
• MATH 1030.03: Matrix Theory and Linear Algebra I  
• MATH 2001.03: Intermediate Calculus I  
• MATH 2120.03: Methods for Ordinary Differential equations  
• twelve additional credit hours of Math at or above the 2000 level 
For more information on how to apply, visit the Physics and Atmospheric Science undergraduate program site.
Graduate Programs
Dalhousie's Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science prides itself on providing graduate students with cuttingedge, worldclass research opportunities in a collegial environment. For more information on our graduate program, refer to the graduate section.