Putting it in your own words

When you paraphrase, you restate someone else's ideas in your own words. It allows you to maintain the flow of your writing by reducing the number of direct quotations.

Text taken from another source must either be in quotation marks or paraphrased. Either way, you must still acknowledge the source in your bibliography.

The following tutorials and websites offer some great tips for paraphrasing ethically:


Ann Barrett and Robin Featherstone designed this five-minute tutorial for Dal Libraries to get you on the road to proper paraphrasing. View the Paraphrasing Tutorial.


The Writing Center at Colorado State University provides tips on when to use quotations and when not to. Get tips on How To Paraphrase Effectively.


More examples of acceptable and unacceptable paraphrasing from Indiana University's Writing Tutorial Service. Learn more about Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It.


It's harder than it sounds, which is why practice makes perfect. Try these Paraphrase: Write it in Your Own Words exercises from Purdue University Online Writing Lab.

How to

Five steps to effective paraphrasing from the University of Manitoba. See their Paraphrasing Examples.