Clean Water, Clean Soil, Clean Air
We expect clean technologies such as renewable energy and low waste manufacturing to have a measurable positive impact on the environment. Dalhousie researchers work in many aspects of environmental development, management and monitoring, including water, air, soil and remediation.
The demands that contemporary society places on water resources are immense: water safe to drink; water for agriculture and industrial processes; water for recreation. And when water has been consumed, used or processed, the wastewater must be treated, and runoff must be managed to prevent contaminating the environment and endangering the water supply. Meeting these requires the development of technology in all these areas.
Graham Gagnon is the NSERC/Halifax Water Industrial Research Chair in Water Quality & Treatment and also serves as the Director for the Centre for Water Resources Studies (CWRS) at Dalhousie. He and his team are investigating new processes, such as biofiltration, for monitoring and removing pathogens from drinking water. Rob Jamieson's research program specializes in ecological engineering and contaminant hydrology and has expertise in water quality modelling, microbial water quality, and on-site and alternative wastewater systems. Amina Stoddart investigates the optimization of water treatment technologies and the development and application of methods to evaluate treatment performance. Improving the utilization of chemicals, water and energy in the cleaning systems used to wash milk from the pipelines on dairy farms is the focus of Peter Havard's work. This involves the testing of various recycling and water reuse practices on a prototype cleaning system. Richard leBrasseur explores the relationship between climate change and the warmer, wetter, wilder landscape. Rick's Green Infrastructure Performance Lab (GIPL) provides a better understanding of how human activities affect the eco-hydrology within wetlands, bogs, coastal edges and green infrastructure in order to minimise future impacts - and maintain human and ecological health while serving critical ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration to Canada and the world. Andrew Medeiros' research interests focus on understanding the influence of environmental stress on freshwater systems. His current research projects outline the influence of environmental change on aquatic trophic systems. This includes investigation of water security through the lens of sustainability and conservation, municipal planning, and engineering for freshwater supply services. Michael Metzger and his team study the use of battery materials for energy-efficiency water desalination. Intercalation materials are used in innovative device designs – so called “desalination batteries” – to remove salt ions from feed water solutions. The team investigates efficiency, selectivity, and lifetime of electrochemical water treatment solutions based on battery materials. Alison Scott’s research aims to improve the efficiency of water treatment processes by designing polymer flocculants. Tailor-made flocculants have the potential to reduce the material needed for treatment and to improve the quality of the treated water.
If we are truly developing a low-carbon economy and reducing the release of other pollutants into the atmosphere through advanced manufacturing technologies or better utilization of waste products, how will we know? Atmospheric research provides us with tools to measure and monitor the effects of human activity on air quality and climate. Rachel Chang studies the sources, transport and loss processes of particles and gases in the atmosphere in marine and polar regions.
The sustainability of agriculture depends upon the soil health; carbon and nitrogen, in addition to being indicators of soil health, have a role to play in greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soil.
Lord Abbey investigates soil nutrient management systems as well as greenhouse production and technology systems. Environmental management, sustainable agriculture and ecosystems, interactions between urban and peri-urban systems, and enhancing opportunities to utilize organic by-products (wastes) are the focus of Gordon Price's research; his research specialties are Contaminant transport, soil fertility, organic waste management, disposal of Specified Risk Materials (SRM), Emerging Substances of Concern (ESOC).
Rob Jamieson, Graham Gagnon, Azadeh Kermanshahi-pour, Gordon Price and Tony Walker have research interests in the remediation of altered environments, and are members of the NSERC CREATE Aquatic Systems Professional and Industrial training for the Restoration Economy (ASPIRE)program. Azadeh Kermanshahi-pour carries out research in the areas of bioremediation process development and treatment/reuse of effluent streams from industrial sources. She is particularly interested in remediation of waste streams within integrated process development in the context of circular economy. Receiving support from fermentation industries enabled a multi-year operation of a novel integrated biorefinery. Her work extends to remediation process development for emerging and persistent organic contaminants. Gordon Price's research includes soil biochemistry, contaminant fate and transport and building soil health of agro-ecosystems. Tony Walker's research efforts include the management and remediation of contaminated sites, ecological impacts and mitigation of industrial pollution, ecological risk assessment and environmental effects monitoring, management of aquaculture impacts, management of Arctic and Antarctic natural resources, air pollution impacts on ecosystems. Richard leBrasseur examines landscape processes as a tool for soil and water remediation particularly within sustainable development practices of contaminated sites. Using green infrastructure as a tool to initiate techno-centric approaches to eco-engineering, his research reviews urban stream health and bioremediation approaches.