Imagine an ultrasound device so small, it could travel through the eardrum, onwards through the middle ear and then rest against the inner ear to provide images of the basilier membrane as at it vibrates, sending messages to the brain as it interprets sound.
It’s not science fiction a la Fantastic Voyage—it’s what Dalhousie researcher Jeremy Brown is developing in collaboration with ear surgeon Manohar Bance.
“We’ve been taking what’s called a ‘bench top to bedside’ approach,” says Dr. Brown, assistant professor of Biomedical Engineering at Dalhousie. “I’d have no idea if this was possible unless I was paired with a surgeon … the collaboration is working out great so far.”
The miniature device, a medical imaging technique that uses high frequency sound waves and their echoes, measures a mere two millimeters in diameter. Yet, even at the size of a tiny bead, the probe contains 150 elements—tiny transducers that vibrate when electric signals are applied. Once planted deep within the ear through a minor surgical procedure, the probe would be able to detect scarring from implants in the middle ear, for example, or detect the ravages of diseases like Meniere’s, an inner-ear disorder which causes episodes of vertigo.
“To me, this is revolutionary,” says Dr. Bance, professor of Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery with Dalhousie’s Faculty of Medicine. “Right now, we don’t have any way to see inside the inner ear, and this will allow us to diagnose inner-ear problems. It’s like exploring a whole new world.”
Now, the researchers are ready to take the next step and build on prototypes that have been tested on mice. Money received from the Canadian Foundation for Innovation’s Leaders Opportunity Fund and matched by the Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Trust—$311,000 all told—will allow them to acquire equipment developed by the semi-conductor industry to build and further refine the miniature devices.
“This equipment is so unbelievably good, that we can just piggyback on it to do what we need it to do,” says Dr. Brown.
He is also collaborating with Dr. Bance on a second “small” project, to develop tiny, surgically implanted hearing aids.
“Good things happen when you bring scientists to the front lines where the patients are,” says Dr. Bance. “Otherwise you have people working in isolation without actually knowing if there’s a need or if what they come up with will work in practice.”
Besides Dr. Brown’s project, “Fabrication of Ultrasonic Micro-Arrays for Imaging the Ear and Auditory System,” the Canadian Foundation for Innovation announced that four other projects at Dalhousie have received funding through its Leaders Opportunity Fund and Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Trust:
- $312,188 for Dalhousie Auditory Electrophysiology Laboratory led by Steven Aiken, assistant professor with the School of Human Communications Disorders.
- $279,884 for the Laboratory of Applied Multiphase Thermal Engineering, led by Dominic Groulx, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
- $416,351 for microcirculatory sepsis research led by professor Christian Lehmann, Department of Anesthesia. Sepsis is a systemic disease of the microcirculation.
- $303,154 to study birdsong, a research initiative led by Leslie Phillmore, assistant professor of psychology.
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