Melvin Cross

Retired professor/Adjunct Professor


Phone: (902) 494-6868
Fax: (902) 494-6917
Mailing Address: 
Department of Economics
Dalhousie University
6214 University Avenue
PO Box 15000
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
Research Topics:
  • Environmental economics
  • History of economic thought


Current research:

  • Economics of environmental and natural resources (particularly with regard to issues of property rights, market failure)
  • History of economic thought (in particular, Adam Smith; regulation & theory of monopoly in late 19th century U.S.)

Academic research and experience:

  • Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Dalhousie University, 1986-2015
  • Visiting Lecturer, Economics, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia, February-July, 2002
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Dalhousie University, 1976-1986
  • Visiting Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Queen's University, 1994-95
  • Associate Fellow, Foundation Year Programme, University of King's College, 1991-2003
  • Associate Professor (adjunct), School for Resources and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University, 1987-present
  • Research Associate, Texas A&M University, 1974-75

Selected publications:

  • Robert H. Frank, Ben S. Bernanke, Lars Osberg, Melvin L. Cross, and Brian K. MacLean, Principles of Macroeconomics, 2nd Canadian ed., Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005 (1st Canadian ed. 2003).
  • Robert H. Frank, Ben S. Bernanke, Lars Osberg, Melvin L. Cross, and Brian K. MacLean, Principles of Microeconomics, 2nd Canadian ed., Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005 (1st Canadian ed. 2003).
  • A.T. Charles, L. Mazany and M. Cross, "The economics of illegal fishing: a behavioral model," Marine Resource Economics, 1999, 14, pp. 95-110.
  • M. Cross, Policy consensus, rent seeking and fishery regulation, in Anthony T. Charles, ed., Fishery Enforcement: Economic Analysis and Operational Models, Halifax: Oceans Institute of Canada, 1993, pp. 19-39.
  • M. Cross, Gary F. Newkirk, and Graham Johnson, "Strategies for the cultivation of European oysters (Ostrea edulis) in the Maritime Provinces of Canada: Preliminary Analyses," Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science44, March 1987, pp. 674-679.
  • M. Cross, "Are the bishops taking us back to Adam Smith?" Canadian Public Policy, December 1985, 11, pp. 745-48.
  • M. Cross, "Canadian oil exploration: politics and economics," Queen's Quarterly, (review article),Winter 1984, 91, no. 4, pp. 867-76.
  • M. Cross and M. Bradfield, Major investments in Atlantic Canada, 1983 to 1995 (Calgary: Canada West Foundation), 1983, vii + 65 pp.
  • M. Cross and R.B. Ekelund, Jr., "A.T. Hadley: The American Invention of the Economics of Property Rights and Public Goods," Review of Social Economy, April 1981, 39, No. 1, pp. 37-50.
  • M. Cross, "The behavior of licensed fishing firms: a contrast with sole ownership,"Ocean Development and International Law, 1980, 8, No. 3, pp. 201-222.
  • M. Cross, "The political appropriation of an open access resource," Journal of Business Administration, Fall 1979/Spring 1980, 11, pp. 165 - 84. Reprinted in Peter N. Nemetz, ed., Resource Policy: International Perspectives, Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1980.
  • M. Cross and Robert B. Ekelund, Jr., "A.T. Hadley on monopoly theory and railway regulation: an American contribution to economic analysis and policy," History of Political Economy, Summer 1980, 12, pp. 214-233. Reprinted in Mark Blaug, ed.,Pioneers in Economics, Section IV, Cheltenham, Glos.: Edward Elgar Publishing Company, 1992.
  • M. Cross, "Optimization by individual fishing firms under a system of restrictive licensing: a property rights approach," The Journal of Economics,1977, 3, pp. 27-31.

Conference papers:

  • B. MacLean, M. Cross, and L. Osberg, "Improving aggregate demand-aggregate supply analysis," Canadian Economics Association, Carleton University, Ottawa, May 29-June 1, 2003. (Also Atlantic Canada Economics Association, University of Prince Edward Island, Oct. 17-19, 2003).
  • M. Cross, "Adam Smith on colonies, foreign trade, and conflict," History of Economics Society, Wake Forrest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, June 29-July 2, 2001. (Subsequent versions at History of Economic Thought Society of Australia, NSW, July 16-19, 2002; Canadian Economics Association, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, June 3-6, 2004).
  • M. Cross, "Adam Smith on colonial economic policies," Canadian Economics Association, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, June 1-4, 2000.
  • M. Cross, "Imperfect compliance: the case of transferable quotas as imperfect property," World Conference on Natural Resource Modelling (Resource Modelling Association), Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, June 22-25, 1999.
  • M. Cross, "Demonstrating transferable permits in the classroom,"Canada Economics Association, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, May 27-30, 1999.
  • M. Cross, "Adam Smith on colonial economics: what relevance in the late twentieth century?" Atlantic Canada Economics Association, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, October 4-7, 1997.
  • M. Cross, "Imperfect property: the case of individual transferable fishing quotas," Canadian Resource and Environmental Economics Study Group, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, October 4-7, 1997.
  • M. Cross, "Demonstrating transferable permits with an interactive classroom exercise,"Atlantic Canada Economics Association: Papers, Wolfville, Nova Scotia: Acadia University Press,1996, pp. 58-69.

Graduate students:

  • Will Gibbons (MDE 2009), An Inconvenient Flush: Determinants and Trends Influencing the Use of Water Conservation Devices in the Canadian Residential Sector.
  • Thad L. Mermer (MDE 2002), Market-based instruments at the local level to support eco-industrial activity.
  • James Amegashie (MDE 1998), The efficiency implications of shortlisting in economic contests.
  • Patricia McGraw (PhD Interdisciplinary Studies 1998), Changing contracts: the impact of lender liability on secured debt, corporate financing and public policy. Co-supervisor with Dr. Gordon Roberts, Supervisor, York University.
  • Suzanne White (MDE 1997), Integrating conservation and development in protected area management.
  • Ian Wright (MA 1997), Individual transferable quotas and concentration of the fleet: the case of the Scotia-Fundy mobile gear fleet.
  • Mary Gregory (MA 1991), The structure of property rights and fisheries management options.
  • Stephen Motluk (MA 1989), Some observations on Malthus' theory of employment.
  • Lolita Villareal (MDE 1988), Aquaculture development in the Phillipines.
  • Zabidi Mahbar (MDE 1988), Privatization of public enterprises: a case study of Malaysia.
  • Mustafa Erksoy (MA 1987), Off-shore boom, the 'Dutch Disease' and real exchange rate movement: the case of the United Kingdom.
  • Cheryl A. Fraser (MES 1985), Groundfish management by property rights: the southwest Nova Scotia case.
  • Dimitri Koutsoliakis (MA 1985), Socioeconomic appraisal of the Wreck Cove hydroelectric project.
  • Gnanendran Murugan (MA 1984), Economics of energy conservation in Nova Scotia.
  • Paul Macgillivray (MA 1984), Optimal resource use in commercial fisheries.
  • Donald C. Thomas, (MA 1982), An economic appraisal of fishing vessel marine service centres in Nova Scotia.
  • Philip D. Carter, (MA 1981), An economic study of mineral aggregate consumption in Newfoundland and Labrador.