Programs

The LJSO program offers courses on a wide range of topics, including the introduction to law and legal thinking, the history of crime and punishment, state violence, human rights, political theories and philosophies of law, youth crime and corrections, restorative justice and conflict resolution, and the legal regulation of sex and gender.

Degree Options

In the case of a discrepancy between our website and the Academic Calendar, the Academic Calendar will be considered correct.

120 Credit Hour B.A. with Major in Law, Justice and Society

As an interdisciplinary program, LJSO recommends students consider combined degree programs. Students are therefore encouraged to enter the combined honours, double major or minor programs, which provide opportunities that further integrate their LJSO studies with those of an approved arts or science field, e.g. LJSO and History or LJSO and Political Science. Double majors and combined honours degrees provide additional opportunities for students, in keeping open the possibility that they may pursue graduate studies in more than one area.

To complete the 120 hour Major in LJSO, students are required to take a minimum of 30 and a maximum of 54 credit hours in the major subject. This requirement includes 21 credit hours of LJSO core courses, and a minimum of 9 credit hours of elective courses, 6 of which should be at or beyond the 3000 level, and 3 must be 4000 level.. The list of LJSO-approved electives can be found here.

First year students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences. It is recommended that selections include the prerequisites for the LJSO courses that are required at the second and third year levels in the contributing disciplines of Political Science, Sociology and/or Anthropology, Philosophy, and History (see below). Students should also make sure that 6 credit hours are taken in courses that satisfy the Writing Requirement (WR). Examples of recommended courses include:
PHIL 1500.03 and PHIL 1501.03 or PHIL 1810.03 and PHIL 1820.03 (WR)
POLI 1050.03 and POLI 1055.03 or POLI 1060.03 and POLI 1065.03 or POLI 1001.03 and POLI 1002.03 (WR)
SOSA 1002.03 and SOSA 1003.03 or POLI 1500/SOSA 1500.06
HIST 1020.03 and HIST 1021.03; HIST 1022.03 and HIST 1023.03 (WR); HIST 1510.06 (WR); or HIST 1910.03 and HIST 1911.03 

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points. 

Second year: there are 9 required credit hours at the 2000-level:
LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking 

Third year: there are 12 required credit hours at the 3000-level:
POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
LJSO 3000.03 Processes of Justice 

Fourth year: there are no required core courses at the 4000-level.

Other requirements: Electives
a minimum of 9 and a maximum of 33 credit hours must be from the List of Approved Electives, 6 of which should be at or beyond the 3000 level, and 3 of which must be 4000 level.

120 Credit Hour B.A. with Double Major in Law, Justice and Society

 

To complete the 120 hour Double Major in LJSO, students are required to take a minimum of 60 and a maximum of 84 credit hours beyond the 1000 level in the two allied subjects, with no more than 48 credit hours and no fewer than 30 credit hours in either (21 credit hours covered by LJSO core classes), including 18 credit hours at or beyond the 3000 level in each of the two major subjects. 

First year students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences. It is recommended that selections include the prerequisites for the LJSO courses that are required at the second and third year levels in the disciplines of Political Science, Sociology and/or Anthropology, Philosophy, and History (see below). Students should also make sure that 6 credit hours are taken in courses that satisfy the Writing Requirement (WR). Examples of recommended courses include:
PHIL 1500.03 and PHIL 1501.03 or PHIL 1810.03 and PHIL 1820.03 (WR)
POLI 1050.03 and POLI 1055.03 or POLI 1060.03 and POLI 1065.03 or POLI 1001.03 and POLI 1002.03 (WR)
SOSA 1002.03 and SOSA 1003.03 or POLI 1500/SOSA 1500.06
HIST 1020.03 and HIST 1021.03; HIST 1022.03 and HIST 1023.03 (WR); HIST 1510.06 (WR); or HIST 1910.03 and HIST 1911.03 

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points. 

Second year there are 9 required credit hours at the 2000-level:
LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking 

Third year there are 12 required credit hours at the 3000-level:
POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
LJSO 3000.03 Processes of Justice 

Fourth year there are no required core courses at the 4000-level

 

Other requirements: Electives
• a minimum of 9 and a maximum of 27 credit hours must be from the List of approved Electives, 6 of which should be at or beyond the 3000 level, and 3 of which must be 4000 level.

B.A. with Concentrated Honours in Law, Justice and Society

An Honours degree is an alternative version of the undergraduate degree, which involves more intensive—and extensive—coursework within Law, Justice & Society, and requires students to maintain higher grades in relevant courses.

The Honours degree is generally chosen by students planning to pursue graduate studies or a professional degree, but it can be a good choice for students who wish to enjoy the experience of an intensive research project – the Honours essay (or Honours thesis).

Admission to the program is based entirely on academic performance: specifically, it requires a grade average of B+ (3.30) or higher on LJSO courses.

The Honours program provides the opportunity for students to pursue an independent research project, culminating in an Honours essay [or Honours thesis] of approximately 35 pages in length. After being admitted to the Program, this research project is undertaken in the 4th year of study, in consultation with a supervisor of the student’s choice. The supervisor is typically a faculty member who is cross-appointed in LJSO, and/or who is teaching in the field of legal studies in any of the contributing disciplines.

To complete the 120 hour Concentrated Honours in LJSO, students must complete the requirements for the BA with a major in Law, Justice & Society, and fulfil the following additional requirements:

1. Honours students are required to take a minimum of 54 and a maximum of 66 credit hours above the 1000 level in LJSO courses (27 credit hours covered by LJSO core courses);

2. Honours students are required to take LJSO 3500: Legal Research and Writing and the Honours Seminar (Both LJSO 0400.00 in the Fall term and LJSO 4000.03 in the Winter term), which involves an independent research project culminating in an Honours essay [or Honours thesis]

3. Honours students are required to take at least one 4th year seminar course, in addition to the Honours Seminar,  from among the available  electives.

4. Applicants should have achieved a Grade Point Average of at least 3.3 in their LJSO courses above the 1000 level to be considered for admission.

5. Only courses completed with a grade of “C” or better will count toward the degree.

Applications for Honours in LJSO are due by May 31st, during the student’s third year of study, to allow students time to ensure that they have the required courses to complete the degree. Late applications may be accepted, at the approval of the Coordinator or Honours Advisor.

The application, which is the standard form for all programs at Dalhousie, is available here.

Once students complete the application, they will submit it to the Honours Advisor (or Program Coordinator) for review and signature, before submitting it to the Registrar’s office; the address of which is on the top of the form. For students pursuing a Combined Honours, the application will need to be signed by the Honours Advisor of both Programs.

Honours Essay / Honours Seminar

Students in the LJSO Honours program will complete an Honours essay (sometimes called an Honours thesis), under the supervision of a faculty member who is chosen by the student, and who is typically cross-appointed in LJSO from any of the contributing disciplines.  

The Honours essay is an opportunity for students to undertake a more sustained scholarly project, featuring theoretical analysis and/or systematic, empirical research. It normally takes the form of a formal essay of approximately 35 double-spaced pages in length.

Students undertake the Honours essay with guidance and support from a chosen faculty supervisor. Students admitted to the Honours program should consult with the Program Coordinator—usually early in the fall semester— and identify a faculty supervisor and make arrangements for supervision. Students should expect to meet with their supervisor regularly in the second half of the Fall and through the Winter term, to report on progress and receive advice on the project.

The Honours essay is associated with a formal Honours Seminar course: LJSO 0400.00 in the Fall term and LJSO 4000.03 in the Winter term, which counts for 3 credit-hours toward the degree. Participation in the Honours Seminar counts toward the "21st grade”, required by the University.

Students participating in the Honours seminar will give a presentation of his/her work and will also submit the final written thesis, which will be read and evaluated by the supervisor with the course Coordinator serving as a second reading. The final Honours seminar grade will normally be calculated as follows: 15% for the presentation and 85% final document.

First year students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences. It is recommended that selections include the prerequisites for the LJSO courses that are required at the second and third year levels in the disciplines of Political Science, Sociology and/or Anthropology, Philosophy, and History (see below). Students should also make sure that 6 credit hours are taken in courses that satisfy the Writing Requirement (WR). Examples of recommended courses include:

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

Second year there are 9 required credit hours at the 2000-level:

  • LAWS 2510.03 and LAWS 2520.03: Introduction to Law I and II (these 2 courses are subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  •  

Third year there are 15 required credit hours at the 3000-level:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 Processes of Justice
  • LJSO 3500.03 Legal Research and Writing

Fourth year there are 3 required credit hours at the 4000-level:

  • LJSO 4000.03 Honours Seminar in Law, Justice and Society

 Other requirements: Electives
a minimum of 9 and a maximum of 39 credit hours must be taken from the List of approved Electives; 3 of which must be at the 4000 level (not including the Honours Seminar); and at least 6 more at or beyond the 3000 level.

     

 

B.A. with Combined Honours in Law, Justice and Society (Emphasis in LJSO)

To complete the 120 hour Combined Honours in LJSO, students are required to take a minimum of 66 and a maximum of 84 credit hours above the 1000 Level in both Honours subjects (24 credit hours of which are covered by LJSO core courses), with a minimum of 30 and no more than 48 credit hours in either of them.  At least 18 credit hours must be at or beyond the 3000 level in each of the two subjects. Only courses completed with a grade of “C” or better will count toward the degree.

First year students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences. It is recommended that selections include the prerequisites for the LJSO courses that are required at the second and third year levels in the disciplines of Political Science, Sociology and/or Anthropology, Philosophy, and History (see below). Students should also make sure that 6 credit hours are taken in courses that satisfy the Writing Requirement (WR). Examples of recommended courses include:

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

Second year there are 9 required credit hours at the 2000-level:

  • LAWS 2510.03 and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law I and II (these 2 courses are subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking

Third year there are 15 required credit hours at the 3000-level:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 Processes of Justice
  • LJSO 3500.03 Legal Research and Writing

Fourth year there are 3 required credit hours for students doing an Emphasis in LJSO at the 4000-level:

  • LJSO 4000.03 Honours Seminar in Law, Justice and Society
    (NOTE: this course is not required for students doing LJSO as a second subject) 

Other requirements: Electives
For students doing an emphasis in LJSO, a minimum of 3 and a maximum 21 credit hours from the list of approved electives; 3 of which must be at the 4000 level.

B.A. with Combined Honours with Emphasis in a Subject other than Law, Justice and Society

To complete the 120 hour Combined Honours in LJSO, students are required to take a minimum of 66 and a maximum of 84 credit hours above the 1000 Level in both Honours subjects (24 credit hours of which are covered by LJSO core courses), with a minimum of 30 and no more than 48 credit hours in either of them.  At least 18 credit hours must be at or beyond the 3000 level in each of the two subjects. Only courses completed with a grade of “C” or better will count toward the degree.

First year students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences. It is recommended that selections include the prerequisites for the LJSO courses that are required at the second and third year levels in the disciplines of Political Science, Sociology and/or Anthropology, Philosophy, and History (see below). Students should also make sure that 6 credit hours are taken in courses that satisfy the Writing Requirement (WR). Examples of recommended courses include:

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

Second year there are 9 required credit hours at the 2000-level:

  • LAWS 2510.03 and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law I and II (these 2 courses are subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking

Third year there are 15 required credit hours at the 3000-level:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 Processes of Justice
  • LJSO 3500.03 Legal Research and Writing

Fourth year there are no required credit hours for students doing LJSO as a second subject:

Other requirements: Electives
For students doing LJSO as the 2nd subject, a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 24 credit hours from the list of approved electives; 3 of which must be at or beyond the 3000 level, and at least 3 credit hours at the 4000-level.

Minor in Law, Justice and Society

This minor is available to students registered in a 120 credit hour Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Applied Computer Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce, Bachelor of Community Design, Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Informatics, Bachelor of Management, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Science (Medical Science) program. 

The requirements for a minor in LJSO include the following:

Core courses:
LAWS 2510.03: Introduction to Law I (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
LAWS 2520.03: Introduction to Law II (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)

Electives:
In addition to the core courses, students are required to take 18 credit hours from the approved list of Electives below, including at least three credit hours from your choice of three different disciplines (e.g. history, philosophy, political science, sociology and social anthropology, contemporary studies, or international development studies).

 

Course Options - Major and Honours

Required Core Courses

  • LAWS 2510.03: Introduction to Law I (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • LAWS 2520.03: Introduction to Law II (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • PHIL 2020.03: Legal Thinking
  • POLI 3505.03: Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03: Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03: Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890 or
    HIST 3227.03: Criminal Law, Crime & Punishment in Canada 1890-Present
  • LJSO 3000.03: Processes of Justice
  • LJSO 3500.03: Legal Research and Writing (Required for Honours; can be taken in final year. Counts as an elective for non-Honours students)
  • LJSO 0400/4000.03: Honours Seminar (Honours Students ONLY)

Approved Elective Courses

(all are 3 credit-hour classes)

PLEASE NOTE: Not all of these classes are offered every academic year.

  • CLAS 2365.03: Plato and the Case of Socrates: Philosophy on Trial
  • CLAS/PHIL/POLI 3434.03: The Ancient Origins of Political Thought: From Homer to Aristotle
  • COMM 2603.03: Legal Aspects of Business
  • CTMP 2203.03/HSTC 2206.03: Bio-Politics: Human Nature in Contemporary Thought
  • CTMP 3121.03: Genocide: Comparative Perspectives
  • CTMP 3204.03: Human Experiments
  • CTMP 3321.03: Representations of the Holocaust: Bearing Witness
  • CTMP 4125.03: Hannah Arendt: Terror, Politics, Thought
  • ECON 2212.03: Law and Economics
  • ECON 4360.03/PHIL 4361.03: Ethics, Justice, and Economics
  • EMSP 2480.03/HIST 2750.03: The Pirate and Piracy
  • EMSP 3430.03: Theories of Punishment: Retribution and Social Control in Early Modern Thought
  • ENGL 2237.03: Outlaw Tales
  • ENGL 4880.03: Prison Literature
  • ENVS 3200.03: Introduction to Environmental Law
  • HIST 2006.03: The Atlantic World, 1450-1650
  • HIST 2007.03: The Atlantic World, 1650-1800
  • HIST 2135.03: British Legal History
  • HIST 2714.03: Slavery and Slaving in Global History
  • HIST 2715.03: A Global History of Incarceration
  • HIST 3053.06: Fascist and National Socialist Movements in Europe
  • HIST 3056.03: The Holocaust
  • HIST 3101.03: Punishment, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England
  • HIST 3226.03: Law and Justice in Canada to 1890 (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 3227.03: Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment in Canadian Society, 1890-present (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 3600.03: Topics: Hist. of Law & Justice
  • HIST 4004.03: Crime and Society in Post-Conquest England   
  • HIST 4401.03: State Violence, Communal Conflict and Criminality in Modern South Africa
  • HIST 4404.03: Crime and Punishment In Mod. Africa
  • JOUR 3339.03: Ethics and Law for Journalists
  • LJSO 3000.03: Processes of Justice (if not taken as required course)
  • LJSO 3100.03: Current Issues in Criminal Justice
  • LJSO 3200.03: Topics in Law and Society
  • LJSO 3500.03: Legal Research and Writing  (if not taken as required course)
  • LJSO 4300.03: Ethics, Law & Society
  • MGMT 2200.03: Fundamentals of the Legal Environment of Management
  • MGMT 2805.03: Indigenous Governance
  • PHIL 2020.03: Legal Thinking (if not taken as required course)
  • PHIL 2450.03: Democracy, Difference, Citizenship
  • PHIL 2475.03: Justice in Global Perspective
  • PHIL 2490.03 / CSCI 3101.03: Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Comp. Sci.
  • PHIL 3106.03: Animal Ethics
  • PHIL 3211.03: Philosophy of Law
  • PHIL 3476.03/POLI 3476.03: Liberalism and Global Justice
  • POLI 2210.03: Unity and Diversity
  • POLI 2215.03: Canadian Aboriginal Politics
  • POLI 2220.03: Structures of Canadian Parliamentary Government
  • POLI 2230.03: Municipal Law, Urban Governance
  • POLI 2520.03: World Politics
  • POLI 3206.03: Constitutional Issues in Can. Politics
  • POLI 3208.03: Canadian Provincial Politics
  • POLI 3378.03: US Constitutional Government & Politics
  • POLI 3426.03: Sex and the State
  • POLI 3505.03: Human Rights: Foundations
  • POLI 3510.03: Politics of Pandemics
  • POLI 3531.03: The UN in World Politics
  • POLI 3532.03: Model UN
  • POLI 3581.03: Diplomacy and Negotiations
  • POLI 4240.03: Policy Formulation in Canada
  • POLI 4303.03: Human Rights: Political Issues
  • POLI 4390.03: Practicum in Public Policy: NGOs & Gov. Services
  • POLI 4403.03: Human Rights: Philosophical Issues
  • POLI 4450.03: Political Theories of International Ethics and Global Justice
  • POLI 4481.03: Theories of Violence, Persecution and Genocide
  • POLI 4505.03: Human Rights: Legal Issues
  • POLI 4532.03: Indigenous Global Politics
  • PSYO 2444.03: Forensic Psychology
  • PSYO 3444.03: Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 2181.03: Explaining Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 2182.03: Exploring Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 3148.03: Drugs, Health and Society
  • SOSA 3185.03: Owning and Belonging: e-colonial Issues in Indigenous/Settler Knowledge, Rights and Authority
  • SOSA 3190.03: Social Movements
  • SOSA 3225.03: Culture, Rights and Power
  • SOSA 3260.03: Deviance and Society
  • SOSA 3275.03: Crime and Public Policy
  • SOSA 3281.03: Youth Crime
  • SOSA 3283.03: Globalized Security and Justice
  • SOSA 3285.03: Sociology of Law (if not taken as required course)
  • SOSA 3291.03: Corrections
  • SOSA 3295.03: Society and Police
  • SOSA 4005.03: Issues in Social Justice and Inequality
  • SUST 4125.03: Conflict Negotiation and Sustainability

List B: Optional Elective Courses (Being Phased out of Program)

"List B" designated classes are being phased out of the LJSO Program. 

Many courses from this list have been moved to our new combined List of Approved Electives.  If you previously took a class from List B which is not currently being counted towards your degree requirements, please contact our Program Coordinator, Dr. Margaret Denike, to discuss the possibility of a waiver. 

 

Course Options - Minors

Required Courses - Minor

  • LAWS 2510.03: Introduction to Law 1 (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)
  • LAWS 2520.03: Introduction to Law II (this course is subject to Faculty of Law Tuition rates)

Approved Elective Courses - Minor

Take 18 credit hours from the approved list below, including at least three credit hours from your choice of three different disciplines (ie, history, philosophy, political science, sociology, contemporary studies, or international development studies)(all are 3 credit-hour classes)

(This list is the same as for the Major/Honours above)
PLEASE NOTE: Not all of these classes are offered every academic year.

  • CLAS 2365.03: Plato and the Case of Socrates: Philosophy on Trial
  • CLAS/PHIL/POLI 3434.03: The Ancient Origins of Political Thought: From Homer to Aristotle
  • COMM 2603.03: Legal Aspects of Business
  • CTMP 2203.03/HSTC 2206.03: Bio-Politics: Human Nature in Contemporary Thought
  • CTMP 3121.03: Genocide: Comparative Perspectives
  • CTMP 3204.03: Human Experiments
  • CTMP 3321.03: Representations of the Holocaust: Bearing Witness
  • CTMP 4125.03: Hannah Arendt: Terror, Politics, Thought
  • ECON 2212.03: Law and Economics
  • ECON 4360.03/PHIL 4361.03: Ethics, Justice, and Economics
  • EMSP 2480.03/HIST 2750.03: The Pirate and Piracy
  • EMSP 3430.03: Theories of Punishment: Retribution and Social Control in Early Modern Thought
  • ENGL 2237.03: Outlaw Tales
  • ENGL 4880.03: Prison Literature
  • ENVS 3200.03: Introduction to Environmental Law
  • HIST 2006.03: The Atlantic World, 1450-1650
  • HIST 2007.03: The Atlantic World, 1650-1800
  • HIST 2135.03: British Legal History
  • HIST 2714.03: Slavery and Slaving in Global History
  • HIST 2715.03: A Global History of Incarceration
  • HIST 3053.06: Fascist and National Socialist Movements in Europe
  • HIST 3056.03: The Holocaust
  • HIST 3101.03: Punishment, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England
  • HIST 3226.03: Law and Justice in Canada to 1890 (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 3227.03: Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment in Canadian Society, 1890-present (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 3600.03: Topics: Hist. of Law & Justice
  • HIST 4004.03: Crime and Society in Post-Conquest England   
  • HIST 4401.03: State Violence, Communal Conflict and Criminality in Modern South Africa
  • HIST 4404.03: Crime and Punishment In Mod. Africa
  • JOUR 3339.03: Ethics and Law for Journalists
  • LJSO 3000.03: Processes of Justice (if not taken as required course)
  • LJSO 3100.03: Current Issues in Criminal Justice
  • LJSO 3200.03: Topics in Law and Society
  • LJSO 3500.03: Legal Research and Writing  (if not taken as required course)
  • LJSO 4300.03: Ethics, Law & Society
  • MGMT 2200.03: Fundamentals of the Legal Environment of Management
  • MGMT 2805.03: Indigenous Governance
  • PHIL 2020.03: Legal Thinking (if not taken as required course)
  • PHIL 2450.03: Democracy, Difference, Citizenship
  • PHIL 2475.03: Justice in Global Perspective
  • PHIL 2490.03 / CSCI 3101.03: Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Comp. Sci.
  • PHIL 3106.03: Animal Ethics
  • PHIL 3211.03: Philosophy of Law
  • PHIL 3476.03/POLI 3476.03: Liberalism and Global Justice
  • POLI 2210.03: Unity and Diversity
  • POLI 2215.03: Canadian Aboriginal Politics
  • POLI 2220.03: Structures of Canadian Parliamentary Government
  • POLI 2230.03: Municipal Law, Urban Governance
  • POLI 2520.03: World Politics
  • POLI 3206.03: Constitutional Issues in Can. Politics
  • POLI 3208.03: Canadian Provincial Politics
  • POLI 3378.03: US Constitutional Government & Politics
  • POLI 3426.03: Sex and the State
  • POLI 3505.03: Human Rights: Foundations
  • POLI 3510.03: Politics of Pandemics
  • POLI 3531.03: The UN in World Politics
  • POLI 3532.03: Model UN
  • POLI 3581.03: Diplomacy and Negotiations
  • POLI 4240.03: Policy Formulation in Canada
  • POLI 4303.03: Human Rights: Political Issues
  • POLI 4390.03: Practicum in Public Policy: NGOs & Gov. Services
  • POLI 4403.03: Human Rights: Philosophical Issues
  • POLI 4450.03: Political Theories of International Ethics and Global Justice
  • POLI 4481.03: Theories of Violence, Persecution and Genocide
  • POLI 4505.03: Human Rights: Legal Issues
  • POLI 4532.03: Indigenous Global Politics
  • PSYO 2444.03: Forensic Psychology
  • PSYO 3444.03: Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 2181.03: Explaining Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 2182.03: Exploring Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 3148.03: Drugs, Health and Society
  • SOSA 3185.03: Owning and Belonging: e-colonial Issues in Indigenous/Settler Knowledge, Rights and Authority
  • SOSA 3190.03: Social Movements
  • SOSA 3225.03: Culture, Rights and Power
  • SOSA 3260.03: Deviance and Society
  • SOSA 3275.03: Crime and Public Policy
  • SOSA 3281.03: Youth Crime
  • SOSA 3283.03: Globalized Security and Justice
  • SOSA 3285.03: Sociology of Law (if not taken as required course)
  • SOSA 3291.03: Corrections
  • SOSA 3295.03: Society and Police
  • SOSA 4005.03: Issues in Social Justice and Inequality
  • SUST 4125.03: Conflict Negotiation and Sustainability