Programs

The LJSO program offers courses on a wide range of topics, including the introduction to law and legal thinking, the history of crime and punishment, state violence, human rights, political theories and philosophies of law, youth crime and corrections, restorative justice and conflict resolution, and the legal regulation of sex and gender.

Degree Options

120 Credit Hour B.A. with Major in Law, Justice and Society

A minimum of 30, maximum of 54 credit hours in the major subject beyond the 1000 level (21 credit hours covered by the LJSO core courses), including 18 credit hours beyond the 2000 level.

1. For their first year, students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences, with recommendations for 3-6 credit hours of introductory offerings in each of political science, sociology and social anthropology, philosophy, and history, making sure that 6 credit hours are taken in a course that satisfies the Writing Requirement (WR).

e.g.,      

+ an elective that satisfies the language or science requirements

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

2. At the second year level, 9 required credit hours:

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  • + 21 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements

3. At the third year level students will have 12 required credit hours:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR
    HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 The Processes of Justice
  • + 18 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements

4. At the fourth year levels:

  • + 30 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements
5. Other Requirements:
  • + 9 credit hours selected from the List A electives, including 6 beyond the 2000 level
  • + up to 24 additional credits may be taken, drawn from either the List A: Core Legal Studies Courses or the List B: Optional Elective Courses which are listed below.

120 Credit Hour B.A. with Double Major in Law, Justice and Society

A minimum of 60, maximum of 84 credit hours in the major subject beyond the 1000 level are to be in the two allied subjects, with no more than 48 credit hours and no fewer than 30 credit hours in either (21 credit hours covered by LJSO core classes), including 12 credit hours beyond the 2000 level in each of the two major subjects

1.  For their first year, students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences, with recommendations for 3-6 credit hours of introductory offerings in each of political science, sociology and social anthropology, philosophy, and history, making sure that 6 credit hours are taken in a course that satisfies the Writing Requirement (WR).

e.g.,      

+ an elective that satisfies the language or science requirements

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

2.       At the second year level, 9 required credit hours:

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  • + 21 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd major

3.       At the third year level students will have 12 required credit hours:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR
    HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 The Processes of Justice
  • + 18 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements

4.       At the fourth year level: there are no required credit hours

  • + 30 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd major
5. Other requiremenets:
  • + 9 credit hours selected from List A electives, including 6 beyond the 2000 level
  • + up to 18 additional credits may be taken, drawn from either the List A: Core Legal Studies Courses or the List B: Optional Elective Courses which are listed below. 

B.A. with Concentrated Honours in Law, Justice and Society

54 to 66 credit hours above 1000 Level in Honours Subject (24 credit hours covered by LJSO core courses). Grade must be “C” or better, otherwise, course will not count toward degree.

1.       For their first year, students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences, with recommendations for 3-6 credit hours of introductory offerings in each of political science, sociology and social anthropology, philosophy, and history, making sure that 6 credit hours are taken in a course that satisfies the Writing Requirement (WR).

e.g.,      

+ an elective that satisfies the language or science requirements

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

2.       At the second year level, 9 required credit hours:

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  • + 21 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements

3.       At the third year level students will have 12 required credit hours:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR
    HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 The Processes of Justice
  • + 18 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements

4.       At the fourth year level, 3 required credit hours:

  • LJSO 4000.03 Honours Seminar in Law, Justice and Society (Consult Coordinator)

  • + 27 credit hours in electives and/or other degree requirements
5. Other Requirements:
  • + 9 credit hours selected from the list A electives, including 6 beyond the 2000 level
  • + an additional 21-33 additional credits may be taken, drawn from either the List A: Core Legal Studies Courses or the List B: Optional Elective Courses which are listed below. 

NOTE: at least 6 credit hours of electives must be at the 4000 level 

B.A. with Combined Honours in Law, Justice and Society (Emphasis in LJSO)

66 to 84 credit hours above 1000 Level in both Honours subjects (24 credit hours covered by LJSO core courses), not more than 48 credit hours nor fewer than 30 credit hours in either of them. Grade must be “C” or better, otherwise, course will not count toward degree.

1. For their first year, students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences, with recommendations for 3-6 credit hours of introductory offerings in each of political science, sociology and social anthropology, philosophy, and history, making sure that 6 credit hours are taken in a course that satisfies the Writing Requirement (WR).

e.g.,      

+ an elective that satisfies the language or science requirements

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

2.   At the second year level, 9 required credit hours:

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  • + 21 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject

3. At the third year level students will have 12 required credit hours:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR
    HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 The Processes of Justice
  • + 18 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject

4.  At the fourth year level, 3 required credit hours:

  • LJSO 4000.03 Honours Seminar in Law, Justice and Society (only required for emphasis in LJSO)

  • + 27 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject
5. Other Requirements
  • + 6 credit hours (emphasis in LJSO) or 9 credit hours from list A of approved electives, including 6 beyond the 2000 level
  • + up to 18 additional credit hours may be taken, drawn from either the List A: Core Legal Studies Courses or the List B: Optional Elective Courses which are listed below.
  • For emphasis in LJSO at least 6 credit hours of electives must be at the 4000 level.

B.A. with Combined Honours with Emphasis in a Subject other than Law, Justice and Society

66 to 84 credit hours above 1000 Level in both Honours subjects (21 credit hours covered by LJSO core classes), not more than 48 credit hours nor fewer than 30 credit hours in either of them. Grade must be “C” or better, otherwise, course will not count toward degree.

1.  For their first year, students are encouraged to select from existing introductory courses across the arts and social sciences, with recommendations for 3-6 credit hours of introductory offerings in each of political science, sociology and social anthropology, philosophy, and history, making sure that 6 credit hours are taken in a course that satisfies the Writing Requirement (WR).

e.g.,      

+ an elective that satisfies the language or science requirements

King’s Foundation Year Program and the DalCAP combination of courses also provide suitable entry points.

2.  At the second year level, 9 required credit hours:

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • PHIL 2020.03 Legal Thinking
  • + 21 credit hours electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject

3.  At the third year level students will have 12 required credit hours:

  • POLI 3505.03 Human Rights: Foundations
  • SOSA 3285.03 Sociology of Law
  • HIST 3226.03 Law & Justice in Canadian Society to 1890, OR
    HIST 3227.03 Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment, 1890 to the Present
  • LJSO 3000.03 The Processes of Justice
  • + 18 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject

4.       At the fourth year level:

  • + 30 credit hours in electives, other degree requirements and/or courses for 2nd honours subject
5. Other Requirements:
  • + 9 credit hours selected from thelist A electives, including 6 beyond the 2000 level
  • + up to 18 additional credits may be taken, drawn from either the List A: Core Legal Studies Courses or the List B: Optional Elective Courses which are listed below. 

NOTE: at least 6 credit hours of electives must be taken at the 4000 level

Minor in Law, Justice and Society

  • LAWS 2510.03 Introduction to Law I and LAWS 2520.03 Introduction to Law II
  • 18 credit hours from the approved Core Legal Studies courses, including at least three credit hours from your choice of three different disciplines (e.g., History, Philosophy, Political Science, Sociology and Social Anthropology, Contemporary Studies, or International Development Studies).

 

Course Options - Major and Honours

Required Core Courses

List A: Core Legal Studies Courses

(in most instances, 9 credit hours required, with 6 of them above 2000-level)
(all are 3 credit-hour classes)

  • CLAS/PHIL/POLI 3434.03: The Ancient Origins of Political Thought: From Homer to Aristotle
  • COMM 2603.03: Legal Aspects of Business
  • CTMP 3121.03: Genocide: Comparative Perspectives
  • ECON 2212.03: Law and Economics
  • EMSP 2480.03/HIST 2750.03: The Pirate and Piracy
  • EMSP 3430.03: Theories of Punishment: Retribution and Social Control in Early Modern Thought
  • ENVS 3200.03: Introduction to Environmental Law
  • HIST 2715.03: A Global History of Incarceration
  • HIST 3101.03: Punishment, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England
  • HIST 3226.03: Law and Justice in Canada to 1890 (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 3227.03: Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment in Canadian Society, 1890-present (if not taken as required course)
  • HIST 4004.03: Crime and Society in Post-Conquest England   
  • HIST 4401.03: State Violence, Communal Conflict and Criminality in Modern South Africa
  • HIST 4404.03: Crime and Punishment In Mod. Africa
  • JOUR 3339.03: Ethics and Law for Journalists
  • MGMT 2200.03: Fundamentals of the Legal Environment of Management
  • PHIL 2475.03: Justice in Global Perspective
  • PHIL 3211.03: Philosophy of Law
  • PHIL 3476.03: Liberalism and Global Justice
  • POLI 2215.03: Canadian Aboriginal Politics
  • POLI 2220.03: Structures of Canadian Parliamentary Government
  • POLI 2230.03: Municipal Law, Urban Governance
  • POLI 3206.03: Constitutional Issues in Can. Politics
  • POLI 3378.03: US Constitutional Government & Politics
  • POLI 3426.03: Sex and the State
  • POLI 3505.03: Human Rights: Foundations
  • POLI 3532.03: Model UN
  • POLI 4303.03: Human Rights: Political Issues
  • POLI 4390.03: Practicum in Public Policy: NGOs & Gov. Services
  • POLI 4403.03: Human Rights: Philosophical Issues
  • POLI 4450.03: Political Theories of Global Justice
  • POLI 4505.03: Human Rights: Legal Issues
  • PSYO 3224.03: Forensic Psychology
  • SOSA 2181.03: Explaining Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 2182.03: Exploring Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 3148.03: Drugs, Health and Society
  • SOSA 3185.03: Owning and Belonging: e-colonial Issues in Indigenous/Settler Knowledge, Rights and Authority
  • SOSA 3190.03: Social Movements
  • SOSA 3225.03: Culture, Rights and Power
  • SOSA 3260.03: Deviance and Society
  • SOSA 3275.03: Crime and Public Policy
  • SOSA 3281.03: Youth Crime
  • SOSA 3283.03: Globalized Security and Justice
  • SOSA 3291.03: Corrections
  • SOSA 3295.03: Society and Police
  • SOSA 4005.03: Issues in Social Justice and Inequality

List B: Optional Elective Courses

(optional, additional electives; or take additional List A electives)
(all are 3 credit-hour classes, unless otherwise indicated)

  • CLAS 2365.03: Plato & the case of Socrates
  • CTMP 2203.03/HSTC 2206.03: Bio-Politics: Human Nature in Contemporary Thought
  • CTMP 3321.03: Representations of the Holocaust I    
  • CTMP 3322.03: Representations of the Holocaust II
  • CTMP 4125.03: Hannah Arendt: Terror, Politics, Thought
  • ECON 4360.03/PHIL 4361.03: Ethics, Justice and Economics
  • GERM 3550.03: Germany and the Environment
  • HIST 2006.03: The Atlantic World, 1450-1650
  • HIST 2007.03: The Atlantic World, 1650-1800
  • HIST 2325.03: Rise and Fall of the Slave-Holding Republic  
  • HIST 3053.03: Fascist and National Socialist Movements in Europe
  • HIST 3056.03: The Holocaust  
  • INTD 4006.03: Global Poverty and Human Rights
  • PHIL 2450.03: Democracy, Difference, Citizenship
  • PHIL 2490.03: Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Computer Science
  • PHIL 3106.03: Animal Ethics
  • PHIL 4470.03: Contemp. Liberalism & Democracy
  • POLI 2210.03: Unity and Diversity
  • POLI 2350.03: Governance and Globalization
  • POLI 2520.03: World Politics   
  • POLI 3208.03: Cdn. Provincial Politics  
  • POLI 3385.03: Politics of the Environment   
  • POLI 3521.03: The UN in World Politics 
  • POLI 3567.03: International Organizations  
  • POLI 3581.03: Diplomacy and Negotiations
  • POLI 4240.03: Policy Formulation in Canada
  • POLI 4481.03: Theories of Violence, Persecution and Genocide
  • SOSA 2041.03: Describing Social Inequality   
  • SOSA 2042.03: Explaining Social Inequality  
  • SOSA 3031.03: Social Problems and Social Policy
  • SUST 4125.03: Conflict Negotiation and Sustainability

 

Course Options - Minors

Required Courses - Minor

Optional Elective Courses - Minor

Take 18 credit hours from the approved list below, including at least three credit hours from your choice of three different disciplines (ie, history, philosophy, political science, sociology, contemporary studies, or international development studies)

  • CLAS 3434.03/PHIL 3434.03/POLI 3434.03: The Ancient Origins of Political Thought: From Homer to Aristotle
  • COMM 2603.03: Legal Aspects of Business *Non-BComm students only*
  • CTMP 3121.03: Genocide: Comparative Perspectives
  • CTMP 3321.03: Representations of the Holocaust I
  • CTMP 3322.03: Representations of the Holocaust II
  • CTMP 4125.03: Hannah Arendt: Terror, Politics, Thought
  • ECON 2212.03: Law and Economics
  • EMSP 2480.03/HIST 2750.03: The Pirate and Piracy
  • EMSP 3430.03: Theories of Punishment: Retribution and Social Control in Early Modern Thought
  • ENVS 3200.03: Introduction to Environmental Law
  • HIST 2006.03: The Atlantic World 1450-1650
  • HIST 2007.03: The Atlantic World 1650-1800
  • HIST 2221.03: Rough Justice - to the 1890s
  • HIST 2222.03: Rough Justice - 1890s to the Present
  • HIST 2325.03: The Rise and Fall of the Slave - Holding Republic
  • HIST 2715.03: Locked Up: A Global History of Incarceration
  • HIST 3053.03: Fascist and National Socialist Movements in Europe
  • HIST 3056.03: The Holocaust
  • HIST 3101.03: Punishment, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England
  • HIST 3226.03: Law and Justice in Canadian Society, to 1890
  • HIST 3227.03: Criminal Law, Crime and Punishment in Canadian Society, 1890 - present
  • HIST 4401.03: State Violence, Communal Conflict and Criminality in Modern South Africa
  • HIST 4404.03: Crime and Punishment in Modern Africa
  • INTD 4006.03: Global Poverty and Human Rights
  • JOUR 3339.03: Ethics and Law for Journalists
  • LJSO 3000.03: Processes of Justice
  • MGMT 2200.03: Fundamentals of the Legal Environment of Management
  • PHIL 2020.03: Legal Thinking
  • PHIL 2450.03: Democracy, Difference and Citizenship
  • PHIL 2475.03: Justice in Global Perspective
  • PHIL 2490.03: Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Computer Science
  • PHIL 3211.03: Philosophy of Law
  • PHIL 3476.03: Liberalism and Global Justice
  • PHIL 4470.03: Contemporary Liberalism and Democracy
  • POLI 2210.03: Unity and Diversity: Dynamics of Canadian Federalism
  • POLI 2215.03: Canadian Aboriginal Politics
  • POLI 2220.03: Political Power and Partisan Politics
  • POLI 2230.03: Municipal Law and City Politics in Canada
  • POLI 2350.03: Governance & Globalization
  • POLI 2520.03: World Politics
  • POLI 3206.03: Constitutional Issues in Canadian Politics
  • POLI 3208.03: Canadian Provincial Policies
  • POLI 3378.03: US Constitutional Issues in Canadian Politics
  • POLI 3385.03: Politics of the Environment
  • POLI 3426.03/GWST 3426.03: Sex and the State*
  • POLI 3505.03: Human Rights: Foundations
  • POLI 3531.03: The UN in World Politics
  • POLI 3532.03: Model UN
  • POLI 3567.03: International Organizations
  • POLI 3581.03: Diplomacy and Negotiations
  • POLI 4240.03: Policy Formation in Canada
  • POLI 4303.03: Human Rights: Political Issues
  • POLI 4390.03: Practicum in Public Policy: NGOs & Government Services
  • POLI 4403.03: Human Rights: Philosophical Issues
  • POLI 4505.03: Human Rights: Legal Issues
  • PSYO 3224.03: Forensic Psychology
  • SOSA 2041.03: Describing Social Inequality
  • SOSA 2042.03: Explaining Social Inequality
  • SOSA 2181.03: Explaining Crime and Criminal Behavior
  • SOSA 2182.03: Exploring Crime and Criminal Behaviour
  • SOSA 3031.03: Social Problems and Social Policy
  • SOSA 3148.03: Drugs, Health and Society
  • SOSA 3185.03: Owning and Belonging: De-colonial Issues in Indigenous/Settler Knowledges, Rights and Authority
  • SOSA 3190.03: Social Movements
  • SOSA 3225.03: Culture, Rights, Power
  • SOSA 3260.03: Deviance
  • SOSA 3275.03: Crime and Public Policy
  • SOSA 3281.03: Youth Crime
  • SOSA 3283.03: Globalized Security and Justice
  • SOSA 3285.03: Sociology of Law
  • SOSA 3291.03: Corrections
  • SOSA 3295.03: Society and the Police
  • SOSA 4005.03: Issues in Social Justice and Inequality
* fulfills the POLI requirement even if taken as GWST 3426.03