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Robert France

Associate Professor

francewaterpic_rev
Department of Plant, Food, and Environmental Sciences

Email: rfrance@dal.ca
Phone: 902.893.6614
Mailing Address: 
Department of Plant, Food, and Environmental Sciences
Agricultural Campus
PO Box 550
Truro, NS, B2N 5E3
 

Teaching

  • Spec 4012: Directed Studies In Agricultural Engineering (A)
  • Waterscape Ecology & Watershed Management

 

Research Interests

  • Aquatic repercussions of riparian forestry (see below)
  • Effects of urbanization on the integrity of stream fish communities
  • Response of lakes, ponds and wetlands to shoreline development
  • Implications of coastal marina construction on littoral ecology
  • Riparian processes and how they influence soil erosion
  • Instream and submerged lakeshore restoration practices
  • Aquatic remediation of disturbed sites and design of artificial lakes
  • Wetland creation and restoration

    Ongoing research

Environmental Ethics Research Interests

  • Concepts of ecological integrity and land ethics (Jeffers, Leopold)
  • Historical importance of aquatic transcendentalism (Thoreau)
  • Wilderness preservation (Muir, Nash) and modern management of national parks
  • Nature and culture dialectics (Marsh, Glacken, Schama, Wilson)
  • Ecopsychology (Roszak)
  • Modern nature writing (Abbey, Lopez etc.)
  • Sense of place in films (Dersu Uzala, Walkabout, etc.)

 

Publications

Books

Authored Books

Along the Way: Pilgrimage Scenes from the Camino Frances to Santiago de Compostela. Libri. (2014)
Environmental Restoration and Design for Recreation and Ecotourism. CRC Press. (2012) 
Veniceland Atlantis: The Bleak Future of the World’s Favorite City. Libri. (2011)
Restorative Redevelopment of Devastated Ecocultural Landscapes. CRC Press. (2011)
High Arctic Extreme Science: Environmental Research for the Trans-Ellesmere Island Ski Expedition. Scriptorium/Palimpsest Press. (2010)
Introduction to Watershed Development: Understanding and Managing the Impacts of Sprawl. Rowman & Littlefield. (2006).
Deep Immersion: The Experience of Water. Green Frigate Books (2003)
Wetland Design: Principles and Practices for Landscape Architects and Land-Use Planners. (2003)
Road Ecology: Science and Solutions. (co-authored) Island Press (2003)     

Edited Books

Integrated Urban Agriculture: Precedents, Practices, Prospects. Libri. (2016)
Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design. CRC Press. (2008)
Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships: New Perspectives on Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness. Green Frigate Books. (2008)
Wetlands of Mass Destruction: Ancient Presage for Contemporary Ecocide in Southern Iraq. Green Frigate Books. (2007)
Ultreia! Onward!: Progress of the Pilgrim. Green Frigate Books (2007) 
Facilitating Watershed Management: Fostering Awareness and Stewardship. Rowman & Littlefield (2005)
Profitably Soaked: Thoreau's Engagement with Water. Green Frigate Books (2003)     
Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. CRC/Lewis (2002)
Reflecting Heaven: Thoreau on Water. Houghton Mifflin (2001)      

Refereed Planning Reports

Plan Al Gharbia 2030: Liwa Environmental Stewardship Plan. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council. (France, R.L. and Sera Architects). (2011) 
Plan Al Gharbia 2030: Regional Structure Framework Plan. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council. (Beasley and Associates Planning and R. France). (2010)
Plan Abu Dhabi 2030: Urban Structure Framework Plan. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council.   (Beasley and Associates Planning and R. France). (2007)

 

Thematic Papers

Agriculture

France, R., J. Campbell and K. Sherren. Overview and comparative assessment of the incentive-based ‘Alternative Land Use Services’ program for enhancing the natural and social capital of Canadian agro-ecosystems. Under review.

France, R. 2016. The once and future city farm. In France, R.L. (Ed.) Integrated Urban Agriculture: Precedents, Practices, Prospects. Libri.

France, R. 2016. Designing urban agricultural forms: History, education, proposals and projects. In France, R.L. (Ed.) Integrated Urban Agriculture: Precedents, Practices, Prospects. Libri.

France, R. and L.J.A. Mougeot. 2016. Reading urban gardens and farms: Literature, layering and largesse. In France, R.L. (Ed.) Integrated Urban Agriculture: Precedents, Practices, Prospects. Libri.

France, R.L. and J.B. Campbell. 2015. Payment for agro-ecosystem services: Developmental case-history descriptions of Canada’s grassroots ‘ALUS’ programs. Res. J. Agri Environ. Manag. 4:405-431. Available at: http://apexjournal.org/rjaem/archive/2015/Sep/fulltext/France%20and%20Campbell.pdf

Water Sensitive Design

France, R. 2008. “Green world, gray heart? The promise and reality of landscape architecture in sustaining nature.” P. 133-144 In Saunders, W.S. (Ed.) Nature, Landscape, and Building Sustainability. Univ. Minnesota Press. Reprinted from: Harvard Design Magazine, Spring/summer 2003: 30-36

France, R. 2005. "Targeting causes rather than treating symptoms." in Ferguson, B. Porous Pavements. CRC Press.

France, R. and K. Martin. 2002. "Water connections: wetlands for science instruction" (Witchita, Kansas). in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

Pouder, N. and R. France. 2002. "Restoring and protecting a small urban lake" (Boston, Massachusetts). in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "Perspectives of water management: representative examples for the recent literature". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "New interpretations in stormwater management and wetland park creation". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "Constraints, challenges, and opportunities in implementing innovative stormwater management techniques". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. and others. 2002. "Moving from single-purpose treatment wetlands toward multifunction designed wetland parks". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2000. "Smoky mirrors and unreflected vampires: From eco-revelation to eco-relevance in landscape design". Harvard Design Magazine. Winter/Spring 2001: 36-40.

Water Sensitive Planning

France, R. 2014. Protecting the health and future of Canada’s most precious resource. Foreword In Smith, S. E. Canada’s Water, Yours to Protect: A Primer on Planning Together. Green Frigate Books. In press.

France, R.L. 2008. “Acqua alta: Venice, the new Atlantis?” P.10-21 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design. CRC Press.

France, R.L. 2008. “Com’era, dov’era: Battling water, time and neglect with MOSE and other techno-fix reparations in Venice.” 179-188 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design. CRC Press.

France, R.L. 2008. “Passerelle: Bridging concerns, contentions, and conflicts in the sociology of restoring serenity to Venice.” p. 409-426 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design. CRC Press.

France, R.L. 2007. “A wider view of wetlands.” P. 1-3 In Ji, W., (Ed.), Wetland and Water Resource Modeling and Assessment: A Watershed Perspective. CRC Press.

France, R. 2004. "Integrative watershed management." in Gunn, J. M. et al. (eds.) Boreal Shield Watersheds: Lake Trout Ecosystems in a Changing Environment. CRC Press.

France, R. 2004. "Out of sight but not out of mind." in Hardisty, P. and Ozdemiroglu. The Economics of Groundwater Remediation and Protection. CRC Press.

France, R., J. Felkner, M. Flaxman and R. Rempel. 2002. "Spatial investigation of applying timber management guidelines for riparian Areas of Concern" (Ontario, Canada). in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

Mueller, A., R. France and C. Steinitz. 2002. "Aquifer management recharge model: evaluating the impacts of urban development on groundwater resources" (Galilee, Israel). in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "Factors influencing sediment transport from logging roads near boreal trout lakes" (Ontario, Canada). in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. and others. 2002. "New interpretations to management of watersheds and riparian buffers and corridors". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "Social and political issues in managing riparian buffers and corridors". In France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. and others. 2002. "Multiple objectives in watershed management through use of GIS analysis". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

France, R. 2002. "Implementing water sensitive planning and design". in France, R. (Ed.) Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design. Lewis Publ.

Restoration Design and Ecological Restoration

France, R.L. From land to sea: Governance-management insights from terrestrial restoration research useful for developing and expanding social-ecological marine restoration. Under review.

France, R.L. Precedents and perspectives on the social-ecological paradigm of restoration design at the interface of nature and culture. Under review.

Abelson, A. and others, including R. France. 2016. Upgrading ecosystem restoration using ecological-social concepts. BioScience, in press.

France, R.L. 2008. “Engaging nature and establishing relationships through restoration design.” P. 7-22 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships: New Perspectives on Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness. Green Frigate Books

France, R.L. 2008. “Landscapes and mindscapes of restoration design.” P. 219-226 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships: New Perspectives on Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness. Green Frigate Books

France, R.L. 2008.  “Swamped! A tale of two restorations. Part I: The view from home;”  “Swamped! A tale of two restorations. Part II: The view to abroad.” P. 1-6, 227-232  In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships: New Perspectives on Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness. Green Frigate Books 

France, R.L. 2008. “The muddy, messy means and mores of ‘restoring’ a broken world: A literature review.” p. 233-236 In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships: New Perspectives on Restoring Ecological Spaces and Consciousness. Green Frigate Books

France, R.L. 2008. “Environmental reparation with people in mind: Regenerative landscape design at the interface of nature and culture.” P. 1-4; “Reparative paradigms: Sociological lessons for Venice from regenerative landscape design.” P. 427-436; In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2008. Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design. CRC Press.

France, R.L. 2007. “Out of time’s abyss: Voices of portent.” P. 1-6; “In the Garden of Earthly Delights: Eden found.” P. 7-12; “Paradise lost.” P. 13-16; “The end is nay: Eden restored.” P. 171-176; “Harvard University’s collection of Near Eastern Artifacts and archive of early marsh Arab photographs.” P. 177-178; In France, R.L. (Ed.) 2007. Wetlands of Mass Destruction: Ancient Presage for Contemporary Ecocide in Southern Iraq. Green Frigate Books.

Landscape Ecology

France, R.L. 2008. “Sprawlscapes and timelines.” P. 1-3 In Shearer, A. and Others. Land Use Scenarios: Environmental Consequences of Development. CRC Press.

France, R. 2004. "Blurring the border between nature and culture." in Vince, S. W., et al. (Eds.) Forests at the Wildlife-Urban Interface: Conservation and Management. CRC Press.

France, R. 2004. "Addressing the once and future forest." in Stanturf, J. and P. Madsen (Eds.) Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests. CRC Press.

Terrestrial-Aquatic Interactions

France, R.L.. 2013. “Microsporidian parasitism of crayfish in Canadian Shield headwater lakes within forested and clearcut watersheds.” Crustaceana 86:661-672. DOI: 10.1163/15685403-00003188

France, R.L. 2011. “Profundal-pelagic macrocrustacean abundance in boreal lakes before and after experimental clearcut logging.” Environ. Res. Eng. Manag. 2:5-10.

France, R.L. 2011. “An empirical methodology for examining the importance of macroinvertebrate colonization in leaf breakdown: An example from oligotrophic boreal lakes.” Res. Fish. Hydrobiol. 6:54-58.

France, R.L. 2011. “Pre- and post-clearcutting effects on mass loading and leaching of phosphorus and carbon from litterfall to boreal headwater lakes.” Internat. J. Res. Chem. Environ. 1:165-172. Available at: http://apexjournal.org/rjaem/archive/2015/Sep/fulltext/France%20and%20Campbell.pdf

France, R. 2003. "Foreword". in Gunn, J. M. et al. (eds.) Boreal Shield watersheds: Lake trout ecosystems in a changing environment. CRC/Lewis Publ.

Steedman, R.J., R.S. Kushnerovh and R. L. France. 2001. "Littoral water temperature response to experimental shoreline logging around small boreal forest lakes". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58:1638-1647. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-58-8-1638

Paterson, A.M., B.F. Cumming, J.P. Smol, J.M. Blais and R.L. France. 2000. "A paleolimnological assessment of the effects of logging on two lakes in northwestern Ontario, Canada". Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27:1214-1219.

France, R., R. Steedman, R. Lehmann and R. Peters. 2000. "Landscape modification of DOC concentration in boreal lakes: implications for UV-B sensitivity". Water, Air Soil Pollut. 122:153-162. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005239721834

Steedman, R.J. and R.L. France. 2000. "Origin and transport of aeolian sediment from new clearcuts into boreal lakes, northwest Ontario, Canada". Water, Air Soil Pollut. 122:139-152. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005235604087

France, R., R. Steedman, R. Lehmann and R. Peters. 2000. "Influence of catchment timber harvesting on average total phosphorus concentration in boreal forest lakes". Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27:1560-1563.

Paterson, A.M., B.F. Cumming, J.P. Smol, J.M. Blais and R.L. France. 1998. "Assessment of the effects of logging, forest fires and drought on lakes in northwestern Ontario: a 30-year paleolimnological perspective". Can. J. For. Res., 28:1546-1556. DOI: 10.1139/x98-138

France, R.L. 1998. "Colonization of leaf litter by littoral macroinvertebrates with reference to successional changes in boreal tree composition expected after riparian clearcutting". Amer. Midl. Natur., 140:314-324. DOI: 10.1674/0003-0031(1998)140[0314:COLLBL]2.0.CO;2

France, R., R. Peters and L. McCabe. 1998. "Spatial relationships among boreal riparian trees, litterfall and soil erosion potential with reference to buffer strip management and coldwater fisheries". Ann. Bot. Fenn., 35:1-9. Available at: http://www.sekj.org/PDF/anbf35/anbf35-001p.pdf

Steedman, R., R. France, R. Peters and R. Kushneriuk. 1998. "Effects of riparian deforestation on littoral water temperatures in small boreal forest lakes". Boreal Environ. Res., 3:161-169. Available at: http://www.borenv.net/BER/pdfs/ber3/ber3-161-169.pdf

France, R.L. 1997. "The importance of beaver lodges in structuring littoral communities in boreal headwater lakes". Can. J. Zool. 75:1009-1013. DOI: 10.1139/z97-121

France, R.L. 1997. "Potential for soil erosion from decreased litterfall due to riparian clearcutting: implications for boreal forestry and warm- and cool-water fisheries". J. Soil Wat. Conserv., 52:452-455. Available at: http://ezproxy.library.dal.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/docview/220949493?accountid=10406

France, R., H. Culbert, C. Freeborough and R. Peters. 1997. "Leaching and early mass loss of boreal leaves and wood in oligotrophic water". Hydrobiologia, 345:209-214. DOI: 10.1023/A:1002953629795

France, R.L. 1997. "Land-water linkages: influence of riparian deforestation on lake thermocline depth and possible implications for cold stenotherms". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 54:1299-1305. DOI: 10.1139/f97-030

France, R.L. 1997. "Macroinvertebrate colonization of woody debris in Canadian Shield lakes following clearcutting". Conserv. Biol., 11:513-517. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.1997.95289.x

France, R., H. Culbert and R. Peters. 1996. "Decreased carbon and nutrient input to boreal lakes from particulate organic matter following riparian clearcutting". Environ. Manag., 20:579-583. DOI: 10.1007/BF01474657

France, R.L. 1995. "Macroinvertebrate standing crop in littoral regions of allochthonous detritus accumulation: implications for riparian forest management". Biol. Conserv., 71:35-39. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3207(94)00018-L

France, R. and R. Peters. 1995. "Predictive model of the effects on lake metabolism of decreased airborne litterfall through riparian deforestation". Conserv. Biol., 9:1578-1586. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.1995.09061578.x

Culbert, H. and R. France. 1995. "Laboratory prediction of phosphorus release from deciduous leaves to urban runoff". Wat. Qual. Res. J. Can., 30:243-246. Available at: http://digital.library.mcgill.ca/wqrj/pdfs/WQRJ_Vol_30_No_2_Art_06.pdf

France, R.L. 1995. "Empirically estimating the lateral transport of riparian leaf litter to lakes". Freshw. Biol., 34:495-500. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1995.tb00907.x

Stable Isotopes

France, R.L. 2013. Rebuilding and comparing pyramids of numbers (Elton) and energy (Lindeman) with selected global ð15N data. Hydrobiologia DOUI 10.1007/s10750-013-1710-7. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-013-1710-7

France, R.L. 2013. “Feeding on the edge: ơ13C analysis of a macrofauna food web from disappearing eelgrass beds in a polluted urban harbour.” Aquat. Conserv.: Mar. Freshw. Ecosystems.DOI:10.1002/aqc.2353. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2353

France, R.L. 2012. “Omnivory, vertical food-web structure and system productivity: Stable isotope analysis of freshwater planktonic food webs.” Freshwat. Biol. 57:787-794. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02744.x

France, R.L. 2011. “Evidence for tracing incorporation of sewage-derived organic matter into an urbanized food web with stable nitrogen isotopes.” Internat. J. Environ. Sci.1: 1047-1055. Available at: http://ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2057.pdf

France, R.L. 2011. “Leaves as “crackers”, biofilms as “peanut butter”: Stable isotopic evidence for microbial pathways in detrital foodwebs.” Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 40:110-115. DOI: 10.2478/s13545-011-0047-y

France, R.L. 2001. "Beaver alter stable carbon isotope ratios of benthic particulate organic matter". Hydrobiologia, 441:237-240. DOI: 10.1023/A:1017512100132

France, R.L. 2001. "Comparing ð13C among littoral foodwebs using lake DOC". Aquatic Ecology, 34:445-448. DOI: 10.1023/A:1011418926126

France, R.L. and M.A. Schlaepfer 2000. "13C and 15N depletion in components of a foodweb from an ephemeral boreal wetland compared to boreal lakes: Putative evidence for microbial processes". Hydrobiologica. 439:1-6. DOI: 10.1023/A:1004131228183

France, R., J. Loret, R. Mathews and J. Springer. 1998. "Longitudinal variation in zooplankton ð13C through the Northwest Passage: Inference for incorporation of sea-ice POM into pelagic foodwebs". Polar Biol., 20:335-341. DOI: 10.1007/s003000050311

France, R. and A. Cattaneo. 1998. "ð13C variability of benthic algae: Effects of water colour via modulation by stream current". Freshw. Biol., 39:617-622. Available at: http://ezproxy.library.dal.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=5288284&site=ehost-live

France, R. 1998. "Density-weighted ð13C analysis of detritivory and algivory in littoral macroinvertebrate communities of boreal headwater lakes". Ann. Zool. Fenn., 35:187-193.Available at: http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/stable/23735607

France, R.L. 1998. "Estimating assimilation of mangrove detritus by fiddler crabs in Laguna Joyuda, Puerto Rico, with use of dual stable isotopes". J. Trop. Ecol., 14:413-425 Available at: http://journals.cambridge.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=35340&jid=TRO&volumeId=14&issueId=04&aid=35339&bodyId=&membershipNumber=&societyETOCSession=

France, R., M. Chandler and R. Peters. 1998. "Mapping trophic continua of benthic foodwebs: body size - ð15N relationships". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 174: 301-306. DOI: 10.3354/meps174301

France, R.L. 1998. "Problems, practical and psychological, using stable carbon isotope ratios for discerning utilization of allochthonous forest detritus by stream fauna: a tale of two studies". Land Manag. Pract. Affecting Aquat. Ecosystems, pp. 177-182.

France, R., J. Holmquist, M. Chandler and A. Cattaneo. 1998. "ð15N evidence for nitrogen fixation associated with macroalgae from a seagrass-mangrove-coral reef system". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 167:297-299. DOI: 10.3354/meps167297

France, R.L. 1997. "ð15N examination of the Lindeman-Hutchinson-Peters theory of increasing omnivory with trophic height in aquatic foodwebs". Res. Pop. Ecol., 39:121-125. DOI: 10.1007/BF02765257

France, R.L. and R.H. Peters. 1997. "Ecosystem differences in the trophic enrichment of 13C in aquatic foodwebs". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 54:1255-1258. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-54-6-1255

France, R., P. del Giorgio and K. Westcott. 1997. "Productivity and heterotrophy influences on zooplankton ð13C in northern temperate lakes". Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 12:85-93. DOI: 10.3354/ame012085

France, R.L. 1997. "Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic evidence for ecotonal coupling between boreal forests and fishes". Ecol. Freshw. Fish., 6:78-83. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0633.1997.tb00147.x

France, R.L. and J.G. Holmquist. 1997. "ð13C variability of macroalgae: effects of water motion via baffling by seagrasses and mangroves". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 149:305-308. DOI: 10.3354/meps149305

France, R.L. 1996. "Carbon-13 conundrums: limitations and cautions for use of stable isotopes in ecotonal stream research". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 53:1916-1919. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-53-8-1916

France, R. L. 1996. "Carbon isotope ratios in logged and unlogged boreal forests: examination of the potential for determining wildlife habitat use". Environ. Manag., 20:249-255. DOI: 10.1007/BF01204009

France, R.L. 1996. "Benthic-pelagic uncoupling of carbon flow". Trends Ecol. Evolut., 11(11):471-472. DOI: 10.1016/0169-5347(96)81157-8

France, R. 1996. "Stable isotopic survey of the role of macrophytes in the carbon flow of aquatic foodwebs". Vegetatio 124:67-72. DOI: 10.1007/BF00045145

France, R. and R. Steedman. 1996. "Energy provenance for juvenile lake trout in small Canadian Shield lakes shown by stable isotopes". Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 125:512-518.

del Giorgio, P. and R. France. 1996. "Ecosystem-specific patterns in zooplankton and POM or microplankton ð13C". Limnol. Oceanogr., 41:359-365.

France, R., K. Westcott, P. del Giorgio, G. Klein and J. Kalff. 1996. "Vertical foodweb structure of freshwater zooplankton assemblages estimated by stable nitrogen isotopes". Res. Pop. Ecol., 38:283-287. DOI: 10.1007/BF02515738

France, R.L. 1996. "Absence or masking of metabolic fractionations of 13C in a freshwater benthic food web". Freshw. Biol., 36:1-6. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.1996.00052.x

France, R.L. 1996. "Scope for use of stable carbon isotopes in discerning the incorporation of forest detritus into aquatic foodwebs". Hydrobiologia 325:219-222. DOI: 10.1007/BF00014987

France, R. 1996. "Ontogenetic shift in crayfish ð13C as a measure of land-water ecotonal coupling". Oecologia 107:239-242. DOI: 10.1007/BF00327908

France, R. 1995. "Critical examination of stable isotope analysis as a means for tracing carbon pathways in stream ecosystems". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 52:651-656. DOI: 10.1139/f95-065

France, R. 1995. "Carbon-13 enrichment in benthic compared to planktonic algae: foodweb implications". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 124:307-312. DOI: 10.3354/meps124307

France, R.L. 1995. "Source variability in ð15N of autotrophs as a potential aid in measuring allochthony to freshwaters". Ecography 18:318-320. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.1995.tb00134.x

France, R. 1995. "Stable nitrogen isotopes in fish: Literature synthesis on the influence of ecotonal coupling". Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 41:737-742. doi:10.1006/ecss.1995.0087

France, R.L. 1995. "Carbon isotopic variability in the composite pelagic foodweb of four oligotrophic lakes: feeding diversity or metabolic fractionations?" J. Plank. Res., 17:1993-1997. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/17.10.1993

France, R. 1994. "Nitrogen isotopic composition of marine and freshwater invertebrates". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 115:205-207. DOI: 10.3354/meps115205

Arctic Light Expedition

France, R.L., M.D. Segstro and D.C.G. Muir. 2010. "Persistent organochlorine and current use pesticides in lichens and saxifrage from Ellesmere Island in the Canadian High Arctic" P. 21-26 In France, R. High Arctic Extreme Science: Environmental Research for the Trans-Ellesmere Island Ski Expedition. Scriptorium/Palimpsest Press.

France, R. 2010. “Non-sterility of High Arctic icefields on Ellesmere Island.” P. 81-81 In France, R. High Arctic Extreme Science: Environmental Research for the Trans-Ellesmere Island Ski Expedition. Scriptorium/Palimpsest Press.

France, R. 2010. “Vestiges of the past and portents of a troubling future on Ellesmere Island: Litter inventory.” In France, R. High Arctic Extreme Science: Environmental Research for the Trans-Ellesmere Island Ski Expedition. Scriptorium/Palimpsest Press.

France, R. 2010. “Trash talking: In defense of litter surveillance.” In France, R. High Arctic Extreme Science: Environmental Research for the Trans-Ellesmere Island Ski Expedition. Scriptorium/Palimpsest Press.

France, R. and J. Blais. 1998. "Lead concentrations and stable isotope ratios for trans-polar contamination of plants in the Canadian High Arctic". Ambio, 27:506-508. (cover story) http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/stable/4314781

France, R.L. 1997. "Elevated PCB contamination of coastal plants near polynyas in the High Arctic". Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 59/1:76-82. DOI: 10.1007/s001289900446

France, R.L., D.C.G. Muir and M.D. Segstro. 1997. "Regional patterns in organochlorine contamination of saxifrage from Ellesmere Island in the High Arctic (77 - 81o N)". Environ. Sci. Tech., 31:1879-1882. DOI: 10.1021/es960524s

France, R. and M. Coquery. 1996. "Lead concentrations in lichens from the Canadian High Arctic in relation to the latitudinal pollution gradient". Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 90:469-474. DOI: 10.1007/BF00282662

France, R.L. and M. Sharp. 1995. "Polynyas as centers of organization for structuring the integrity of Arctic marine communities". In To Preserve Biodiversity - An Overview: Readings in Conservation Biology, D. Ehrenfeld, ed., pp. 158-62. Blackwell Science Inc. Publ., Cambridge, MA. Reprinted from: Conserv. Biol., 6:442-446 (1992) Available at: http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/stable/2386045?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

France, R., J. Svoboda and H. Taylor. 1993. "Latitudinal distribution of fallout Cesium-137 in 1990 on Saxifraga opposittifolia from Ellesmere Island, Canada". Can. J. Bot., 71:708-711. DOI: 10.1139/b93-081

France, R. and M. Sharp. 1993. "Comparison of avian species richness and abundance for localized oases on Ellesmere Island". Polarfushcung 61:147-152. Available at: http://epic.awi.de/28314/1/Polarforsch1991_2-3_4.pdf

France, R.L. 1993. "The Lake Hazen Trough: A late-winter oasis in a polar desert". Biol. Conserv., 63:149-151. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3207(93)90503-S

France, R.L.and M. Sharp. 1992. "First record of the Rough-legged Hawk from Ellesmere Island". Can. Field Natur., 106:511-512. Available at: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34347739

France, R.L. 1992. "Garbage in Paradise". Nature 355:503. DOI: 10.1038/355504a0

France, R.L. and M. Sharp. 1992. "Newly reported colonies of Ivory Gulls on southeastern Ellesmere Island". Arctic 45:306-307. DOI: 10.14430/arctic1406       

France, R. L. 1992. "Aerial mobbing of a Gyrfalcon by Glaucous Gulls". J. Raptor Res., 26(4):269.

Trophic Interactions

Ramcharan, C.W., R.L. France and D.J. McQueen. 1996. "Multiple effects of planktivorous fish on algae through a pelagic trophic cascade". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 53:2819-2828. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-53-12-2819

France, R., N. Yan, P. Olesiuk, R. Nero, P. del Giorgio and W. Keller. 1995. "Secondary analysis of zooplanktivorous macroinvertebrates and phytoplankton and water clarity associations". Freshw. Biol., 34:255-261. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1995.tb00885.x

France, R., D. McQueen, A. Lynch and M. Dennison. 1992. "Statistical comparison of seasonal trends for autocorrelated data: A test of consumer and resource mediated trophic interactions". Oikos 65:45-51. DOI: 10.2307/3544886

De Melo, R., R. France and D. McQueen. 1992. "Biomanipulation: hit or myth?” Limnol. Oceanogr., 37:192-207. 

McQueen, D., R. France and C. Kraft. 1992. "Confounded impacts of planktivorous fish on freshwater biomanipulations."  Archiv. Hydrobiol., 125:1-24.

General Perspectives

France, R.L. 2016. Championing the social-ecological context of architecture. In Caplan, B. Buildings are for people: Human ecological design. Libri.

France, R.L. 2013. Exploring the bonds and boundaries of water management in a global context. J. Clean. Prod. 60:1-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.07.004

France, R.L. 2011. “Trends in biodiversity research: Paradigmatic finders keepers?” Biodiver. Res. Conserv. 21:3-6. DOI: 10.2478/v10119-011-0001-2

France, R. 1999. "Grappling with greed and Gaia". Land Forum, 04:42.

France, R. and C. Rigg. 1998. "Survey of the global distribution of biodiversity research published in five international journals: is there a tropical bias?" Trop. Biodiv., 5:161-166.

France, R. and C. Rigg. 1998. "Examination of the 'founder effect' in conservation biology: patterns and imbalances in the published research". Diversity Distrib., 4:77-86. Available at: http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/stable/2999801?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

France, R., R. Peters and C. Rigg. 1998. "Comparative assessment of regional representation and research productivity of conservation biologists and applied ecologists". Ecoscience, 5:561-567. Available at: http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/ehost/external?sid=308bd4a0-49c9-44a3-8628-0fb1e136c60b%40sessionmgr4001&vid=2&hid=4212

France, R. 1998. "Putting genes back into their lab bottles: much ado about nothing". Cons. Biol., 12:500-501. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.1998.012003499.x

France, R.L. and T.C. Weiskel. 1997. "Water and ecological integrity: Some basic conceptual and measurement problems". Harvard Seminar Environ. Ethics Public Policy Prog., Center Stud. Values Public Life.(see http://ecoethics.net/bib/1997/enca-009.htm).

France, R.L. 1993. "Gaian integrity: a clarion precept for global preservation". The Trumpeter 9(4):159-163.

Regier, H.A. and R.L. France. 1990. "Perspectives on the meaning of ecosystem integrity in 1975". p. 1-16. In Edwards, C.J. and H.A. Regier [eds.]. An ecosystem approach to the integrity of the Great Lakes in turbulent times. Grt. Lakes Fish. Comm. Spec. Pub. 90-4. Available at: http://www.glfc.org/pubs/SpecialPubs/Sp90_4.pdf

France, R.L. 1989. "Recommended use of the terms 'production', 'production dynamics', and 'production ecology'". Bull. N.A. Benthol. Soc., 6(2):196-199.

Climate, Seasonal Variability and Biogeography

France, R.L. 2010. Expanding ecosystem goods and services: Climate change, phenology, and the building of citizen “scientists”. P. 143-152 In Liotta, P.H. and others (Eds.) Achieving Environmental Security: Ecosystem Services and Human Welfare. IOS Press. DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-579-2-143

France, R.L. 1998. "Refining latitudinal gradient analysis: do we live in a climatically symmetrical world?" Glob. Ecol. Biogeog. Lett., 7:295-296. DOI: 10.2307/2997603

Blais, J.M., R.L. France, L.E. Kimpe and R.J. Cornett. 1998. "Climatic changes in northwestern Ontario have had a greater effect on erosion and sediment accumulation than logging and fire: Evidence from 210Pb chronology in lake sediments". Biogeochemistry, 43:235-252. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006065109925

France, R., R. Peters and R. Rishikof. 1995. "Optimal sampling period for predicting phosphorus and chlorophyll concentrations in north-temperate lakes". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 52:1812-1815. DOI: 10.1139/f95-173

France. R., R. Peters and Y. Prairie. 1994. "Adjusting chlorophyll estimates through temporal weighting based on the seasonal development of phytobiomass". Aquat. Sci., 56/2:106-114. DOI: 10.1007/BF00877202

France, R. and R. Peters. 1992. "Temporal variance function for total phosphorus concentration". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49:975-977. DOI: 10.1139/f92-108

France, R.L. 1992. "The North American latitudinal gradient in species richness and geographical range of freshwater amphipods and crayfish". Amer. Natur., 139:342-354.Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2462415

France, R.L. 1992. "Climatic governance of the latitudinal trend in seasonality of freshwater phytoplankton production". Internat. J. Biometerol., 36:243-244. DOI: 10.1007/BF02726405

France, R.L. 1992. "Biogeographical variation in size-specific fecundity of the amphipod Hyalella azteca". Crustaceana 62:240- 248. DOI: 10.1163/156854092X00145

France, R.L. 1991. "Empirical methodology for predicting changes in species range extension and richness through climate warming". Internat. J. Biometerol., 34:211-216. DOI: 10.1007/BF01041830

Field Autecology

France, R.L. 2011. “Non-harmonic covariation among life history traits of freshwater amphipods (Hyallela azteca) and crayfish (Orconectes virilis) in Canadian boreal lakes.” J. Ecol. Natur. Environ. 3:1-5.

France, R.L. 2011. “Conversion confusion: Does annual P/B equal cohort P/B for multi-yeared organisms?” Internat. J. Environ.Sci.1: 839-854.

France, R.L. 2011. “Can crayfish density be predicted from trap catch in low nutrient-low predation lakes?” Res. J. Fish. Hydrobiol. 6:69-73.

France, R.L. 1996. "Biomass and production of amphipods in low alkalinity lakes affected by acid precipitation". Environ. Pollut. Ser. A., 94:189-194. DOI: 10.1016/S0269-7491(96)00063-2

France, R.L. 1993. "Inter-relationships among variables comprising amphipod production". Hydrobiologia 271:71-74.

France, R.L. 1993. "Production and turnover of Hyalella azteca in central Ontario, Canada compared with other regions". Freshw. Biol., 30:343-349. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1993.tb00818.x

France, R. 1993. "Influence of lake pH on the distribution, abundance and health of crayfish in Canadian Shield lakes". Hydrobiologia 271:66-70. DOI: 10.1007/BF00007542

France, R.L. and N.C. Collins. 1993. "Extirpation of crayfish in a lake affected by long-range anthropogenic acidification". Conserv. Biol., 7:184-188. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.1993.07010184.x

France, R.L. 1993. "Effect of experimental lake acidification on crayfish Orconectes virilis population recruitment and age composition in northwestern Ontario, Canada". Biol. Conserv., 63:53-59. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(93)90073-A

France, R.L. 1992. "Use of sequential sampling of amphipod abundance to classify the biotic integrity of acid-sensitive lakes". Environ. Manag., 16:157-166.

France, R.L., J. Holmes and A. Lynch. 1991. "Use of size-frequency data to estimate the age composition of crayfish populations". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 48:2324-2332. DOI: 10.1139/f91-273

France, R.L. and P.M. Welbourn. 1991. "Abundance of Rana clamitans tadpoles in Canadian Shield lakes". Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 24:2965-2969.

France, R.L. 1987. "Test of biotic and abiotic environmental determinants of amphipod (Hyalella azteca) preamplexus". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44:478-482. DOI: 10.1139/f87-058

France, R.L. 1987. "Aggregation in littoral amphipod populations: transformation controversies revisited". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44:1510-1515. DOI: 10.1139/f87-182

France, R.L. 1987. "Reproductive impairment of the crayfish Orconectes virilis in response to experimental acidification of Lake 223". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44(Suppl. 1):97-106. DOI: 10.1139/f87-285

France, R.L. 1987. "Calcium and trace metal composition of the crayfish Orconectes virilis in relation to experimental lake acidification". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44(Suppl. 1):107-113. DOI: 10.1139/f87-286

France, R.L. 1985. "Relationship of crayfish (Orconectes virilis) growth to population abundance and system productivity in small oligotrophic lakes in the Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 42:1096-1102. DOI: 10.1139/f85-136

France, R.L. and L Graham. 1985. "Increased microsporidian parasitism of the crayfish Orconectes virilis in an experimentally acidified lake". Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 26:129-136. DOI: 10.1007/BF00292063

France, R.L. 1983. "Response of the crayfish Orconectes virilis to experimental acidification of a lake with special reference to the importance of calcium". p. 98-111 In Goldman, C.R. [Ed.]. Proc. Fifth Internat. Conf. Freshwat. Crayfish. Davis, Ca.

Metaphyton and Macrophytes

France, R.L., Y-K. Yung and P.M. Welbourn. 1993. "Identification of metaphytic Zygnematcean algae in acid-sensitive Canadian Shield lakes". Archiv. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 94 (Algol. Stud.66):99-103.

France, R.L. and P.M. Welbourn. 1992. "Influence of lake pH and macrograzers on the distribution and abundance of nuisance metaphytic algae". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49:185-195. DOI: 10.1139/f92-022

France, R.L., E.T. Howell, M.J. Paterson and P.M. Welbourn. 1991. "Relationship between littoral grazers and metaphtic algae in five softwater lakes". Hydrobiologia 220:9-27. DOI: 10.1007/BF00017488

Howell, E.T., M.A. Turner, R.L. France and P.M. Stokes. 1990. "Comparison of Zygnematacean (Chorophyta) algae in the metaphyton of two acidic lakes". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 47:1085-1092. DOI: 10.1139/f90-125

France, R. L. 1990. "Epiphytic zoobenthos density and biomass within low alkalinity, oligotrophic lakes on the Canadian Shield". Archiv. Hydrobiol., 118:477-499.

France, R.L. and P.M. Stokes. 1988. "Isoetid-zoobenthos associations in acid sensitive Ontario, Canada lakes". Aquat. Bot., 32:99-114. DOI: 10.1016/0304-3770(88)90091-5

France, R. L. 1988. "Biomass variance function for aquatic macrophytes in Ontario (Canada) Shield lakes". Aquat. Bot., 32:217- 224. DOI: 10.1016/0304-3770(88)90117-9

Laboratory Ecotoxicological Research

France, R.L. and P.M. Stokes. 1987. "Life stage and population variation in resistance and tolerance of Hyalella azteca (Amphipoda) to low pH". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44:1102-1111. DOI: 10.1139/f87-133

France, R.L. and B.D. LaZerte. 1987. "Empirical hypothesis to explain the limited abundance of Hyalella azteca (Amphipoda) in anthropogenically acidified lakes". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44:1112-1121. DOI: 10.1139/f87-134

France, R.L. and P.M. Stokes. 1987. "Influence of manganese, calcium and aluminum on hydrogen-ion toxicity to the amphipod Hyalella azteca". Can. J. Zool., 65:3171-3078. DOI: 10.1139/z87-466

France, R.L. 1987. "Differences in H-ion sensitivity among Hyalella azteca populations: an illative hypothesis invoking natural selection. Ecophysiology of acid stress in aquatic organisms". Antwerp, Belgium. Annals Soc. Roy. Zool. Belg., 117(Suppl 1):129-137.

Graham, L. and R. France. 1986. "Attempts to transmit experimentally the microsporidian Thelohania contejeani in freshwater crayfish". Crustaceana 51:208-211.

Mierle, G., K. Clark and R. France. 1986. "The impact of acidification on aquatic biota in North America: a comparison of field and laboratory results". Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 31:593-604. DOI: 10.1007/BF00284215

France, R.L. 1985. "Low pH avoidance by crayfish (Orconectes virilis): evidence for sensory conditioning". Can. J. Zool., 63:258-262. DOI: 10.1139/z85-039

France, R.L. 1985. "Preliminary investigation of the effects of sublethal acid exposure on the maternal behavior of the crayfish Orconectes virilis". Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 35:641-645. DOI: 10.1007/BF01636567

France, R.L. 1984. "Comparative tolerance to low pH of three life stages of the crayfish Orconectes virilis". Can. J. Zool., 62:2360- 2363. DOI: 10.1139/z84-348

France, R.L. 1982. "Comment on Daphnia respiration in low pH water. Re: the importance of carbon dioxide in laboratory acidification experiments". Hydrobiologia 94:195-198. DOI: 10.1007/BF00010900

Other Scientific Publications

France, R.L. 1990. "Theoretical framework for developing and operationalizing an index of biological integrity: application to biomonitoring with zoobenthos communities in the Great lakes". p. 169-194. In Edwards, C.J. and H.A. Regier [Ed.]. An ecosystem approach to the integrity of the Great Lakes in turbulent times. Great Lakes Fish. Comm. Spec. Publ., 90-4.

Stokes, P.M. and R.L. France. 1988. "Manganese and terrestrial plants". p. 65-80 In Stokes, P.M. [Ed.] Manganese in the Canadian Environment. Nat. Res. Coun. Can. Publ. No. 26193, Ottawa, Ont.

France, R.L. 1988. "Relationship between acidification and manganese for aquatic biota". p. 88-89. in Stokes, P.M. [Ed.] Manganese in the Canadian Environment. Nat. Res. Coun. Publ. no. 26193, Ottawa, Ont.

France, R.L. 1986. "Current status of methods of toxicological research on freshwater crayfish". Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1404:1v + 20p. Available at: http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/22834.pdf

Environmental Publications

France, R.L. 1999. "Bounded people, Boundless Lands: Envisioning a New Land Ethic. A review". Land Forum 04. pp. 43.[JH1]

France, R.L. 1989. "Ecophilosophy: Thoughts for a world on the edge". J. Wild culture, 11:14-23.

France, R.L. 1987. "Monteverde: Critical reflections on saving rainforests". Private circulation.

Environmental Journalism

France, R. 2002. "Celebrating stormwater". Landscape Architecture Magazine. May: 42-46.

France, R. 2002. "Waterscapes: A review". Landscape Architecture Magazine. Feb. 82-83.

France, R. 2001. "(Stormwater) leaving Las Vegas". Landscape Architecture Magazine. Aug. 38-42.

"When looks can kill". The Globe and Mail, February 2000."Forest fires and clearcutting on the Canadian Shield". The Globe and Mail, June 1995.

"Dangers of 'birding'", CBC Radio Quebec, July 1991.

"Engineering techno-fix solutions to environmental problems". W5, CTV National Television. May 1991.

"Garbage consciousness: rating University of Toronto's recycling programs". The Newspaper, April 1988.

"Wasting away: environmental jingle-ism = conservative jingoism?" Probe Post, Spring 1987.

"Acid rain and Armageddon". Manitoban, February 1982.

"Acid rain, the coal connection". Manitoban, February 1982.

"Manitoba: doing acid?" Manitoban, February 1982.

"Outrage at experiments aimed at wrong target". Winnipeg Free Press, December 1981.

"Acid rain, part I: causes and consequences". Manitoban, February 1979.

"Acid rain, part II: political musical chairs". Manitoban, March 1979.

Extended and Published Abstracts

France, R.L and P.M. Stokes. 1989. "Influence of lake pH and macrograzers on the distribution of nuisance metaphytic algae in central Ontario, Canada". p. 234-238 In Environ. Res. Proc. Wat. Qual. Environ. Ont. Tech. Trans. Conf., Toronto.

Stokes, P.M., R.L. France and E.T. Howell. 1988. "Characterization of the grazing fauna within five softwater lakes with respect to metaphytic filamentous algae". p.333-335. In Environ. Res. Proc. Wat. Qual. Environ. Ont. Tech. Trans. Conf., Toronto.

France, R.L. 1985. "Biotic changes in acidified systems: direct toxic effects or complex interspecific relationships". SLANT, Shield Lakes Acidification Network Telegraph. No. 6. Inst. Environ. Stud., University Toronto.

Other Writings

“Deafening silence: The worth of War.” CBC Sunday Morning, November 2012.

"Because it's there." Winnipeg Free Press, September 1995; Morningside, CBC Radio, October 1995.

France, R. and P. Aitchison. 1994. "To climb an oxymoron: The 1992 Mount Manitoba Expedition". Can. Alpine Journal 77:63-66.

"Affirmative action: Ends and means". Morningside, CBC Radio, March 1991.

"Turmoils of confusion in Israel". Toronto Star, April 1988.

"Zen and granite, rock climbing in the Canadian Shield". Manitoba Nature, Spring 1982:28-33.

"Let El Salvador be El Salvador". Winnipeg Sun, April 1982.

Invited Special Series and Conference Plenary and Keynote Presentations

“Forestry and watershed management” Nova Scotia Forestry Conf., March 2013.

“Urban agriculture and sustainability” Dalhousie University, February 2013.

“Veniceland Atlantis” London Liberal Club, December 2011; Venice UNEP, October 2011.

“Urban BMPs and sustainable forests” Can. Urban Forest Conf., September 2010.

"Post-industrial wetlands: Restoration and design". National University of Tawain, December 2010; Bayona Wetlands Federation, May 2002; Colorado Wetlands Scientists, June 2002.

“Integrated watershed management and land-use planning” Tianjin University, October 2010; University of Winnipeg, April 2009; Utah State University, February 2009; University of Santander, June 2005; University of Bahrain May 2006.

“Climate change and citizen scientists” Salve Regina University, July 2009; University of Austin, February 2009.

"Deep immersion: The experience of water and water management". Catholic University of Lueven, September 2008; University of Singapore, May 2008; Smith College, January 2006; Utah State University, April 2004; Harvard University, October 2003;University of Massachusetts, October 2002.

“My life as researched by water.” University of Rhode Island, November 2006.

"Environmental restoration and landscape design". University of Santander, June 2006; University of Minnesota, September 2003.

"Ecotonal coupling: reliance of aquatic foodwebs on riparian forests - implications for buffer strip management". Harvard Graduate School of Design, March 1997; Harvard Forest, December 1997.

"Dionysus, dollars and dragons: Reviewing conservation biology's and applied ecology's literatures". McGill University, March 1997.

"Ecotoxicological responses of organisms to long-range atmospheric deposition of contaminants". Concordia University, June 1996.

"Evolutionary relationships among algae". Okanagan College, May 1996.

"Use of stable carbon isotopes in tracing material flow within and between ecological systems. University of Toronto", October 1995; McGill University, December 1994.

"Effects of deforestation on aquatic ecosystems". B.C. Min. Environ., September 1995; University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, September 1994.

"Effects of riparian clearcutting on the functional ecology of Canadian Shield lakes". Queens University, November 1993; University de Montreal, December 1993; University of Toronto, May 1993.

"From lab to field: Prediction and understanding in acidification research". McGill University April 1987.

"Acid rain doom and gloom". Can. Labour Conf., University Winnipeg, April 1983.

Journal or Magazine Articles Concerning Research or Activities

Harvard Magazine, Jan.–Feb. 2007, An “Oracle of Aqua” By Christopher Reed. Harvard Magazine, Jan.-Feb. 2005 (cover story)

Landscape Architecture Magazine: September 2003, (lead editorial); October 2003 (letters to editor); Novermber 2003 (letters to editor); December 2003 (book review); November 2002 (book review).

Boston Globe: March 5, 2002, Jan. 26, 2003

Trend. Ecol. Evolut. 1996, 11(11):472.

France, R.L. 1996. Carbon-13 conundrums: limitations and cautions in the use of stable isotope analysis in stream ecotonal research. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1996, 53:1913-1915. DOI: 10.1139/f96-121

The Calgary Herald: March 24, 1990; April 8, 1990; May 13, 1990; June 18, 1990; July 4, 1990; July 6, 1990; July 9, 1990.

The Winnipeg Free Press: December 27, 1989; July 15, 1990; January 5, 1992, May 2, 1992; May 3, 1992; May 7, 1992; May 8, 1992; May 9, 1992; May 15, 1992; May 16, 1992; May 18, 1992; May 19, 1992, May 20, 1992; May 31, 1992; December 13, 1992; September 2, 1995.

The Toronto Star: March 25, 1990.

The Canadian Geographic: October/November 1990; January/February 1995.

The Globe and Mail: January 8, 1992, March 28, 1992; April 11, 1992.

BBC Wildlife Magazine: Spring 1992; Spring 1998.

National Science Magazine of The Netherlands: Spring 1992.

The London Times: March 1992.

The Kingston Wig-Standard: January 1992.

The Ottawa Citizen: January 1992.

Focus: St. John Ravenscourt Alumni Magazine: Autumn 1992.

The Whiteshorse News: January 1992.

Working for Wildlife (The World Wildlife Fund): Winter 1991.

The University of Toronto Faculty Bulletin: October 9, 1990.

Explore Magazine: Autumn 1990; Spring 1991; Spring 1996.

Mountain Equipment Co-op: Winter 1992

Books Acquired and Facilitating to Publication by Series Editor Robert France

For CRC Press

Managing Energy, Nutrients and Pests in Organic Field Crops. (Martin, R. and Others; 2014)

Land Use Scenarios: Environmental Consequences of Development (Shearer, A. and Others; 2008).

Wetland and Water Resource Modeling and Assessment: A Watershed Perspective. (Ji, W.; Ed.; 2007).

Porous Pavements. (Ferguson, B., 2005)

Boreal Shield Watersheds: Lake Trout Ecosystems in a Changing Environment. (Gunn, J., R. Steedman and R. Ryder, Eds., 2004)

Forests at the Wildland-Urban Interface: Conservation and Management. (Vince, S., M. Duryea, E. Macie and L. Hermansen, Eds., 2004)

Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests. (Stanturf, J. and P. Madsen, Eds., 2004)

The Economics of Groundwater Remediation and Protection. (Hardisty, P. and E. Ozdemiroglu, 2004)

For Green Frigate Books

Canada’s Water is Yours to Protect: A Primer on the Health of Our Most Precious Resource (Smith, S.; 2014)

Souls in Boxes (H   , R.; 2013)

Westward I Go Free: Tracing Thoreau’s Last Journey. (Smith, C. H.; 2011)

Seeing the Songs: A Poet’s Journey to the Shamans in Ecuador. (Margolis, G.; 2011)

Thoreau and the Aquatic Cats of Concord: A love story. (Chat, M.; 2011)

Agricultural Urbanism: Handbook for Building Sustainable Food & Agriculture Systems in 21st Century Cities. (del al Salle, J. and M. Holland; 2010)

Zombie Factory: Culture, Stress & Sudden Death. (Korovkin, M. and P. Stephenson; 2010)

Conscious Endeavors: Essays on Buisness, Society and the Journey to Sustainability (Abbott, R.; 2009)

Destination Mutable. (Baillie, J..; 2009)

A Wanderer All My Days: John Muir in New England. (Huber, J., Parker; 2005).

Uncommon Cents: Thoreau and the Nature of Business. (Abbott, R., Ed.; 2005).

Liquid Gold: The Lore and Logic of Using Urine to Grow Plants. (Steinfeld, C.; 2004).

Curriculum Vitae

Education  

1987
PhD, Department of Botany, University of Toronto (Institute for Environmental Studies; Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Dorset Research Centre). Ecotoxicological study of the response of Hyalella azteca to acidification in softwater environments. 238p. Supervisor: P.M. Stokes.

1983
MSc, Department of Zoology, University of Manitoba (Freshwater Institute, Experimental Lakes Area). Life history response of the crayfish Orconectes virilis to acidification in the Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario: a laboratory and field study. 306p. Supervisor: D.W. Schindler.

1979
BSc (First Class Honours, Dean's List), Department of Zoology, University of Manitoba. 

Work History (post 1996)

2014-
Research Member Dalhousie Rural Research Centre

2011-
Associate Professor of Watershed Management, Dalhousie University

2010, 2012, 2014
Organized NSAC/Dalhousie W.A.T.E.R. (Watershed Technology, Education, & Research) Conferences 

2010
Organized NSAC Conference on Sustainable Urban Agriculture

2009
Consultant – Aogu Ecotourism Park, Taiwan (National Dept. of Forestry)

2009
Consultant- Abu Dhabi Western Region and cities Master Plan (Abu Dhabi Govern.)

2009-2011
Associate Professor of Watershed Management, NSAC Department of Engineering

2009
Invited Participant in NATO workshop on achieving ecosystem security (NATO)

2008
Consultant – United Arab Emirates: Western Region Environment-Development Plan (Abu Dhabi Govern.)

2008
Advisor – Sustainable Cities Research Initiative, Singapore (National Univ.)

2007
Consultant – Abu Dhabi Sustainable Vision, U.A.E. (Abu Dhabi Govern.)

2006—2008
Visiting Professor, Ca’Foscari University of Venice

2006
Consultant – Alternative wastewater facility, Taiwan (Ecological Engineering Company)

2005
Consultant – Wastewater treatment park, California (CH2MHILL)

2005
Consultant – Tropical wetland ecotourism park, Mexico (Palenque Park Group)

2005
Team Leader for Massachusetts - Rhode Island Blackstone River Heritage Corridor alternative wastewater and stormwater program (EPA)

2004-2006
Consultant – Ayalon Park, Israel (Berecha Foundation)

2004-2005
Advisor for Harvard Allston Campus master planning process (Harvard Planning)

2004
Organized Harvard Conference: Mesopotamian Marshes and Modern Development

2004
Judge for national low impact development design competition (Prince Georges County, Maryland)

2004—
Series Editor, Integrative Studies in Water Management and Land Development, (CRC Press)

2004
Participant in the Brooklyn Bridge Park design team (M. Van Valkenburgh)

2003-2004
Member and participating writer of Harvard's sustainability guidelines (President’s Office)

2003—2008
Retained advisor for the City of Cambridge Department of Public Works (Stormwater Management Division).

2003-2008
Adjunct Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture, Harvard University Graduate School of Design

2002—2010
Science Director, Center for Technology and the Environment, Harvard University

2002
Organized Harvard conference: Integrated Watershed Management

2002-2004
Advisor to low impact development projects (R. Burke Associates)

2002-2003
Master Plan for the Alewife Reservation, Cambridge (MDC)

2001
Organized Harvard conference: Brown Fields, Gray Waters: Restoration and Remediation

2001
Consultant – Urban lake restoration, Boston (City of Boston)

2001
Consultant – Stormwater treatment wetlands, New York (Childs Assoc.)

2000-2003
Associate Professor of Landscape Ecology, Harvard University, Graduate School of Design

2000
Organized Harvard conference: Water Sensitive Ecological Planning and Design

1999
Advisor – Stormwater treatment wetlands, Kansas (Hargreaves Assoc.)

1997-2000
Assistant Professor of Landscape Ecology, Harvard University, Graduate School of Design

1997-
Founder and President W.D.N.R.G. Limnetics