Impact Ethics

Kidneys


While Quebec is the only province to prohibit payment for blood and blood constituents (Article 25 of the Civil Code), every province prohibits the sale of all other human tissues (see for example Ontario’s Trillium Gift of Life Network Act and British Columbia’s Human Tissue Gift Act). However, in recent years, the discussion of payment for kidneys has ramped up. In 2011 and 2013, Lianne Barnieh and her colleagues published two studies regarding kidney donation in Canada. In the first article, they surveyed attitudes among Canadian health practitioners and the public at large regarding a market in human kidneys; in the second article, they advocated paying donors $10,000 per kidney as a “cost-effective” way of increasing the number of organs available for transplant.

Provincial governments have not given any indication that they are open to a market in human kidneys. And, given the recent response of the Ontario government to the proposal to pay for plasma, it is unlikely that this government would consider payment for organs as reasonable public policy. However, given recent discussion regarding organ donation in Canada, it is important that viable non-payment systems that avoid the potential for commodification and exploitation of vulnerable persons be strengthened.

Page last updated Fall 2014.

 

Select Impact Ethics Blogs

Select Journal Articles

  • Samia, H. (2015). The ethics of selling body parts. In J.-D.  Rainhorn & S. Boudamoussi (Eds.), New Cannibal Markets: Globalization and Commodification of the Human Body (pp.47-56). Paris: Maison des sciences de l’homme.
  • Satz, D. (2015). Ethical issues in the supply and demand of human kidneys. In H. Kuhse, U. Schücklenk & P. Singer (Eds.), Bioethics: An Anthology, 3rd ed. (pp.425-436). London: Wiley Blackwell. 
  • Radcliffe-Richards, J., Daar, A.S., Guttmann, R.D., Hoffenberg, R., Kennedy, I., Lock, M., Sells, R.A., Tilney, N., and for the International Forum for Transplant Ethics (2015). The case for allowing kidney sales. In H. Kuhse, U. Schücklenk & P. Singer (Eds.), Bioethics: An Anthology, 3rd ed. (pp.425-436). London: Wiley Blackwell.

Overview


While Quebec is the only province to prohibit payment for blood and blood constituents (Article 25 of the Civil Code), every province prohibits the sale of all other human tissues (see for example Ontario’s Trillium Gift of Life Network Act and British Columbia’s Human Tissue Gift Act). However, in recent years, the discussion of payment for kidneys has ramped up. In 2011 and 2013, Lianne Barnieh and her colleagues published two studies regarding kidney donation in Canada. In the first article, they surveyed attitudes among Canadian health practitioners and the public at large regarding a market in human kidneys; in the second article, they advocated paying donors $10,000 per kidney as a “cost-effective” way of increasing the number of organs available for transplant.

Provincial governments have not given any indication that they are open to a market in human kidneys. And, given the recent response of the Ontario government to the proposal to pay for plasma, it is unlikely that this government would consider payment for organs as reasonable public policy. However, given recent discussion regarding organ donation in Canada, it is important that viable non-payment systems that avoid the potential for commodification and exploitation of vulnerable persons be strengthened.

Page last updated Fall 2014.

Media Articles

 

Further Reading

Select Impact Ethics Blogs

Select Journal Articles

  • Samia, H. (2015). The ethics of selling body parts. In J.-D.  Rainhorn & S. Boudamoussi (Eds.), New Cannibal Markets: Globalization and Commodification of the Human Body (pp.47-56). Paris: Maison des sciences de l’homme.
  • Satz, D. (2015). Ethical issues in the supply and demand of human kidneys. In H. Kuhse, U. Schücklenk & P. Singer (Eds.), Bioethics: An Anthology, 3rd ed. (pp.425-436). London: Wiley Blackwell. 
  • Radcliffe-Richards, J., Daar, A.S., Guttmann, R.D., Hoffenberg, R., Kennedy, I., Lock, M., Sells, R.A., Tilney, N., and for the International Forum for Transplant Ethics (2015). The case for allowing kidney sales. In H. Kuhse, U. Schücklenk & P. Singer (Eds.), Bioethics: An Anthology, 3rd ed. (pp.425-436). London: Wiley Blackwell.