Toolbox for Patients


Drug Class

Specific Drug examples

Item description


Benzodiazepines, sedatives, hypnotics

diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, oxazepam, clorazepate, lorazepam, bromazepam, alprazolam, flurazepam, nitrazepam, triazolam, temazepam,

chloral hydrate, zopiclone, zolpidem

Is a Benzodiazepine or Z-Drug still needed for sleep?  

Deprescribing Pamphlet [PDF - 1.1 MB]


Empower brochure information about sleeping aids

Brochure [PDF - 6.2 MB]

How to get a good nights sleep without sleep aids

Sleep Brochure [PDF - 6 MB]

How to reduce sleeping medication safely

Fact Sheet [PDF - 270 KB]

Sleepwell NS many resources for stopping sleeping medications

Sleepwell NS website


chlorpromazine, methotrimeprazine, fluphenazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, trifluoperazine, thioproperazine, percyazine, haloperidol, droperidol, ziprasidone, lurasidone, flupenthixol, thiothixene, zuclopenthixol, pimozide, loxapine, clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, asenapine, risperidone, aripiprazole

Is an antipsychotic still needed

Pamphlet [PDF - 586 KB]

Deprescribing safely to meet life’s changes

Fact Sheet [PDF - 398 KB]

Empower brochure, information

Booklet [PDF - 4.6 MB]

Anticholinergics (scoring 3 on anticholinergic cognitive burden scale)

amitriptyline, amoxapine, benztropine, carbinoxamine, chlorpeniramine, clemastine, clomipramine, clozapine, darifenacin, desipramine, dicyclomine, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine, doxepin, flavoxate, hydroxyzine, imipramine, meclizine, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxybutynin, paroxetine, perphenazine, procyclidine, promethazine, quetiapine, scopolamine, thioridazine, tolterodine, trifluperazine, truhexyphenidyl, trimipramine

Empower brochure for stopping anticholinergic antihistamines

Brochure [PDF - 3MB]


Proton Pump Inhibitors

omeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole

Is a proton pump inhibitor still needed

Pamphlet [PDF - 400 KB]


Reducing proton pump inhibitors to meet life’s changes

Fact Sheet [PDF - 330 KB]

Empower brochure to help you stop proton pump inhibitors safely

Brochure [PDF - 4 MB]

Colchicine long term



Antihypertensives with a history of falling, hypotension or orthostasis

Various agents

ie. hydrocholorothiazide, amlodipine, metoprolol, ramipril, losartan, diltaizem



Codeine, hydromorphone, morphine, fentanyl, pentazocine, oxycodone, meperidine, tramadol

Government of Canada website with resources for patients and healthcare providers regarding opiates


Choosing wisely patient resources for deprescribing opiates


Opioid quiz from Canadian deprescribing network


Bert’s story about getting off of opioids


General deprescribing advice

Website for how to safely stop many medications



Brochure explaining why medications affect us differently as we age.

Brochure [PDF - 1.4 MB]



5 questions to ask about your medications

Poster [PDF - 1.2 MB]