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Pronatalism, Geneticism, and ART
Petropanagos, A. (2017). Pronatalism, geneticism, and ART. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 10(1): 119-147.
In this essay, I argue that pronatalism—a social bias in favor of gestational motherhood—and geneticism—a social bias in favor of genetic motherhood— are conceptually and operationally distinct social forces that influence some women’s reproductive decision making. Each of these social forces shapes the reproductive landscape, relates differently to women’s identities, and causes different social stigmatization and harm. Pronatalism and geneticism warrant feminist concern because they can compromise some women’s reproductive autonomy and well-being. I suggest that combating pronatalism and geneticism will require different sets of media, policy, education, and health care practice strategies.
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