Federalism and the Politics of Equalization Policy: The Future of Territorial Redistribution in Canada
Daniel Béland, Director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada
How should federal money be distributed to Canada's provinces? The federal equalization program attempts to address fiscal disparities between provinces. In part because of its explicitly redistributive nature, equalization is a source of political controversy. The rhetoric of equalization critics such as Alberta Premier Jason Kenney has become increasingly contentious at a time when the federal program features promi nently in debates over issues such as carbon pricing and pipeline building. How can we make sense of these recent developments? What is the future of equalization in Canada and what steps can we take to improve the program, from a political standpoint? The answers to these questions are not straightforward but addressing them now is particularly vital as the 2019 federal election approaches.
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