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2017-2018 MELAW Members


Faculty Associates

Aldo Chircop

aldo.chircop@dal.ca

Professor of Law
Canada Research Chair

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Professor Aldo Chircop (JSD, 1988) is Professor of Law and holds the Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Maritime Law and Policy. He is a specialist in Canadian and comparative maritime law, international maritime law and the international law of the sea. Dr. Chircop is cross-appointed to the Marine Affairs Program (Faculty of Science), International Development Studies Program (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences) and is Research Fellow at the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie.  Specific topics of current research and teaching interest include contemporary Canadian maritime law, Arctic shipping regulation, the role of the International Maritime Organization in global shipping regulation, and coastal state rights and responsibilities in the international law of the sea.

His long-term CRC research programme is entitled ‘Uniformity and Diversity in Shipping Regulation: Reconciling General and Particular Interests in Canadian and International Maritime Law’.  His affiliations include the Nova Scotia bar, Canadian Maritime Law Association and Comite Maritime International, within which he chairs the International Working Group for Polar Shipping. Dr. Chircop’ s work experience has included directorships of MELAW, the International Ocean Institute and the Mediterranean Institute in Malta.He was previously Canadian Chair in Marine Environment Protection at the IMO World Maritime University.

He has published extensively, most recently Canadian Maritime Law 2d (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2016), co-edited with Will Moreira, Hugh Kindred and Edgar Gold. He is also co-editor of the Ocean Yearbook (Leiden: Brill/Martinus Nijhoff Publishers), the most recent edition of which is Volume 30 (2016).  He has received awards for book publication and teaching. Dr. Chircop has also worked extensively in many countries and produced several reports for governments and international organizations.

Meinhard Doelle

mdoelle@dal.ca

Professor of Law

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Professor Meinhard Doelle specializes in environmental law. He currently serves as Associate Dean, Research, and is the Director of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute after nine years as Associate Director. From 1996 to 2001, he was the Executive Director of Clean Nova Scotia. He has been involved in the practice of environmental law in Nova Scotia since 1990 and in that capacity drafted the NS Environment Act in 1992. He currently is environmental counsel to the Atlantic Canada law firm of Stewart McKelvey.

From 2000 to 2006, Professor Doelle was a non-governmental member of the Canadian delegation to the UN climate change negotiations. From January to May 2008, he was a visiting scholar at the Environmental Law Center of the IUCN in Bonn, Germany. Dr. Doelle served on the Joint Federal/Provincial Environmental Assessment Review Panel for the Lower Churchill Hydro-Electric Project from 2009 to 2011. He is currently conducting a review of aquaculture regulations for the province of Nova Scotia together with Professor Bill Lahey.

Professor Doelle has written on a variety of environmental law topics, including climate change, energy, invasive species, environmental assessments, and public participation in environmental decision-making. His recent books are entitled “Environmental Law: Cases and Materials” (with Chris Tollefson), “Promoting Compliance in an Evolving Climate Regime”, “The Federal Environmental Assessment Process, a Guide and Critique”, and “From Hot Air to Action: Climate Change, Compliance and the Future of International Environmental Law”.

Phillip Saunders, QC

p.saunders@dal.ca

Director, Marine & Environmental Law Institute
Associate Professor of Law
Associate Professor, School for Resource and Environmental Studies
Research Fellow, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies

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Associate Professor Phillip M. Saunders, QC, is cross-appointed to the School for Resource and Environmental Studies and is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies. He is a Member of the Nova Scotia Bar. His teaching and research interests are in international marine and environmental law, maritime boundary delimitation, tort law, judicial remedies and international fisheries law. Professor Saunders was formerly with the International Centre for Ocean Development, as Senior Policy Advisor and as Field Representative, South Pacific. He was Dean of Law from 2005-2010.  

Sara Seck

Sara.Seck@dal.ca

Associate Professor of Law

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Originally from Newfoundland, Associate Professor Sara L Seck (BMus, MMus, LLB, PhD) joined the Faculty of Law, Western University, Ontario, in 2007 and was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 2013. In September 2015, Sara received the Emerging Scholarship Award from the Academy of Environmental Law of the IUCN (World Conservation Union) in recognition of her research contributions on sustainable mining and international environmental law. She is a Senior Fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program, where her research examines business responsibilities for human rights affected by climate change. Sara is a member of the Editorial Board of the new Business and Human Rights Journal (Cambridge University Press), and a member of the International Law Association’s study group on Business and Human Rights. She recently agreed to serve as the Deputy Director for North America of the Global Network for the Study of Human Rights and the Environment. In July 2017, she joined Dalhousie University’s Schulich School of Law as an Associate Professor.

Research interests - I am particularly interested in the relationship between international human rights law, environment, and business law, with a focus on the rights of local and Indigenous communities, and global south perspectives on sustainable development. I have researched and published extensively on home state duties and business responsibilities in the extractive industries context. More recently, I have begun to consider how lessons from this research might inform approaches to climate justice, and have also begun to assess insights from feminist and relational theory for environmental justice.  

David VanderZwaag

david.vanderzwaag@dal.ca

Associate Director, Marine & Environmental Law Institute
Director MELP and Canada Research Chair in Ocean Law & Governance
Professor of Law

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Dr. David VanderZwaag holds the Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Ocean Law and Governance and teaches in the areas of international environmental law. He is the past Co-director of Dalhousie’s interdisciplinary Marine Affairs Program and past Director of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute. Dr. VanderZwaag is a member of the IUCN’s World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL) and Co-chair of the WCEL’s Specialist Group on Oceans, Coasts & Coral Reefs. He is a Co-founder and Co-chair of the Australian-Canadian Oceans Research Network (ACORN) and has had extensive research and lecturing experience in South and Southeast Asia, the South Pacific, Europe, and the Caribbean.

Teaching Associates

Theodore Adimazoya Theodore N Adimazoya's research interests include international renewable energy regulation, international trade law, environmental and natural resources law. Theodore obtained his LLB from the University of Ghana. He then practiced law in the areas of energy and oil and gas regulation with Ayine & Felli Law Offices in Accra, Ghana before attending the University of Calgary and obtaining an LLM in Natural Resources, Energy and Environmental Law. Theodore is currently a PhD Candidate at the Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University. His PhD research focuses on international law and renewable energy, and in particular the effects of legal, policy and institutional fragmentation on renewable energy deployment. He will be teaching International Trade Law at the Schulich School of Law on a part-time basis.
Jamie Baxter Jamie Baxter's primary research concerns institutional choice, resistance, and change in emergent property systems and land governance regimes. His current work centres on these movements in Indigenous communities in Canada. Jamie also writes on topics in civil and administrative justice reform, access to justice and health, and regulation of the legal profession.
Marc Dunning Marc Dunning practices law in Halifax, Nova Scotia, with the firm Wickwire Holm. His practice is litigation-focused, with a particular interest in environmental, construction and professional liability disputes. He attended law school at Dalhousie University where he obtained his specialization in Environmental Law. He is also a Registered Professional Engineer (PEng) with the Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia and obtained his BEng in civil engineering (focusing on environmental engineering) from McGill University. Prior to practising law, he worked for a national environmental consulting firm for several years and has significant experience advising clients on both the legal and technical aspects of all matters environmental. He is a co-author of the leading text on climate change law in Canada, The Law of Climate Change in Canada (Canada Law Book, 2010) and writes the Law East column of the Environmental Policy and Law (EPAL) journal. He is a past chair of the Environmental, Energy and Resources Law Section of the Nova Scotia Branch of the CBA, a past chair of The Clean Nova Scotia Foundation and a former director of the Environmental Services Association of Nova Scotia.
    David Dzidzornu
Lucia Fanning Lucia Fanning, PhD, MMM (Dalhousie), BSc (Guelph), is the director and professor, Marine Affairs Program. Her research interests include the roles of policy networks in influencing marine policy decisions; the assessment and effectiveness of evolving oceans governance regimes in managing marine uses; and ecosystem-based approaches to the management of coastal and marine space and use. Current projects include understanding how western and indigenous knowledge systems influence fisheries governance in Canada; governance of transboundary living marine resources at the regional or large marine ecosystem (LME) level, in particular the Caribbean LME; addressing contemporary marine piracy; and the role of key and emerging policy actors, including resource users and members of civil society, in managing marine resources.
Sadira Jan Sadira Jan is a partner with Stewart McKelvey’s Halifax office. Admitted to the Nova Scotia Bar in 2007 after completing her law degree at Dalhousie University, Sadira works with a broad range of clients across diverse industries, focusing on mergers and acquisitions, financing transactions and general corporate advice.

Balancing a demanding client schedule with volunteerism, Sadira is actively involved in nonprofit organizations across the Halifax Regional Municipality, contributing time and leadership as a member of the Board of Directors for the Prescott Group; Prescott Futures Committee; and Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.
James MacDuff James MacDuff is Counsel in McInnes Cooper's Halifax, Nova Scotia office. He practices in the area of corporate, regulatory, and administrative law, with a particular focus on electricity rate setting and other energy matters. He has represented clients in a variety of proceedings before the National Energy Board and the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. James advises clients on federal and provincial energy and environmental issues, and has assisted in the preparation of responses to Requests for Proposals for Renewable Energy and in the negotiation, review, and assignment of numerous energy project agreements.
Sara Mahaney Sara Mahaney is an associate at McInnes Cooper's Halifax office. Sara's legal practice focuses on the regulatory aspects of the energy and natural resources industry, including the areas of renewable energy, electricity, utilities, offshore oil and gas, maritime law, and environmental law. 

Sara holds a Bachelor of Arts from StFX University and a Juris Doctor from the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University. Sara was called to the Nova Scotia Bar in June, 2013. She is a member of the Nova Scotia Barristers' Society and the Canadian Bar Association.
Tony Puthucherril Tony Puthucherril is a Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, India. He graduated from the PhD program in 2014. His PhD thesis has been published by Martinus Nijhoff. Entitled Towards Sustainable Coastal Development: Institutionalizing Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Coastal Climate Change Adaptation in South Asia, this book finds its place as Volume 20 in the Legal Aspects of Sustainable Development Series. This is, in fact, his second book in this series; his LLM thesis was published earlier as: From Shipbreaking to Sustainable Ship Recycling: Evolution of a Legal Regime (Volume 5, LASD, Martinus Nijhoff, 2010).
  Aaron Ward  
Daniel Watt Daniel Watt is an associate at the Halifax office of McInnes Cooper. His practice focuses on commercial litigation, offshore oil and gas, and maritime law. Daniel has advocated for clients before various courts, including the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Court of Appeal, and the Federal Court.

Daniel advises and advocates for various clients in the marine and oil & gas industries, including: offshore regulators; exploration and production companies; energy processing companies; shipbuilders; ship and specialized offshore vessel owners; charterers; protection and indemnity (P&I) clubs; salvors; Canadian Port Authorities and private port owners; fishing and aquaculture interests; and freight forwarders.  He also provides advisory and dispute resolution services to energy and natural resource companies, customs brokers, construction companies, insurers, leasing and finance companies, and private clients, among others.

He is a director and secretary of the Eastern Admiralty Law Association and a member of the Canadian Maritime Law Association, where he sits on the Ports and Harbours Committee. He is also a volunteer director for Bridgeway Academy.

Daniel received his Bachelor of Arts (First Class Honours) in political science from Dalhousie University (2005) and his Bachelor of Laws from Dalhousie Law School (2008).

Honorary Fellows

Bill Charles QC, Professor Emeritus Bill Charles, QC, Professor Emeritus, formally a full time member of the Faculty of Law and Dean (1979-85) is still active in the environmental area. Currently serving as special council to the Nova Scotia Law Reform Commission he has been actively involved in the preparation of a Discussion Paper on Contaminated sites in Nova Scotia (March/09). Professor Charles taught environmental law at the law school in the 90s and has had considerable experience with the Environmental Impact Assessment process in the last fifteen years. This experience includes among other assignment serving as the Nova Scotia representative on a Joint Federal/Provincial Assessment Panel dealing with Remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds (2006-2007), Chair of a Provincial assessment panel to evaluate strip mining (coal) in Stellarton, NS and Chair of an assessment panel to evaluate a proposal to construct an incinerator to burn garbage in the Metro/Halifax area. Prof Charles has also served as President of The Environmental Control Council (N.S./1993-95) and Chair of the Environmental Assessment Board (1995-98).
Brian Flemming, QC

Brian Flemming CM, QC, DCL, is Counsel to the Atlantic Canada law firm of McInnes Cooper. He is a non-practising member of the Nova Scotia bar and a former member of the Ontario bar.

In recent years, as a Research Fellow of the Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute in Calgary, Dr. Flemming has published articles on Arctic issues, the global war on terror, Canada-China relations in the Arctic, the war in Afghanistan and border security issues involving Canada and the U.S. He has also written papers for the School of Public Policy and the Van Horne Institute at the University of Calgary on national transportation issues.

Dr. Flemming was Assistant Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau from 1976 to 1979. After 9/11, the Canadian government made him the first CEO and chairman of the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA), Canada’s principal public response to 9-11. In 2005, he was appointed to the federal Advisory Council on National Security. In 2000-1, Dr. Flemming chaired the Canada Transportation Act Review Panel, a statutorily-mandated review of Canada’s transport policies. The report of that Panel—“Vision and Balance”—caused Dr. Flemming to be given the national “Award of Achievement” in 2003.

In the mid-1960s, following graduate studies in England and the Netherlands, Dr. Flemming taught the first graduate course in public international law at Dalhousie’s law school and wrote many peer-reviewed articles for learned publications and international conferences. He was a key figure in the establishment of the Dalhousie Ocean Studies Program (DOSP) in the 1970s. He was founding chairman of the International Centre for Ocean Development, a Crown Corporation headquartered in Halifax in the 1980s.

Dr. Flemming is a former member, vice chairman and interim chairman of The Canada Council and is a former director of the CBC. He is honorary chairman of the Dalhousie Law Alumni Association of Canada, having been its founding chairman in 1983. In 2010, he won the Weldon Award for Unselfish Public Service at Dalhousie’s Schulich School of Law. He is a former chairman of the Board of Governors at University of King’s College. He was the founding chairman of Symphony Nova Scotia and has been on the boards of many local, regional and national not-for-profit organizations. He was awarded an honourary degree by Saint Mary's in 2014, given an honourary degree by King’s in 1991 and, in 1989, was made a Member of the Order of Canada.

Edgar Gold, QC, Master Mariner

Professor Edgar Gold, CM, AM, QC, grew up and went to sea in Australia but settled in Halifax, Canada, in the early 1960s. He is a former senior partner with the law firm Ritch Durnford in Halifax, where he specialized in maritime,
energy and environmental law and international commercial law. He was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1995. He also served as the Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany for Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, 1986-1998. He is a former President of the Canadian Maritime Law Association and a Titulary Member of the Comité Maritime International. Dr. Gold is a Master Mariner (UK and Canada) and served at sea for 16 years, including several years in command. He was Professor of Law (1975-1994) and Professor of Resource and Environmental Studies (1986-1994) at Dalhousie University, Halifax. He is a founding member of Dalhousie Law School’s Marine and Environmental Law Institute (formerly MELP).

Professor Gold was a founder and former Executive Director of the Dalhousie Oceans Studies Programme (DOSP), and the International Institute for Transportation and Ocean Policy Studies (IITOPS), the predecessors of the International Oceans Institute of Canada. He was a member of the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board 1996-2003, and a member of the Roster of Experts of the Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, 2001-2004. He is also a former Adjunct Professor and former Canadian Member of the Board of Governors of the World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden, and a former member of the Governing Board of the IMO-International Maritime Law Institute, Malta. Until the end of 2010 he also held an appointment as Adjunct Professor at the T.C. Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, where was involved with the School’s Marine and Shipping Law Unit. Professor Gold has active experience in most regions of the world and has completed over 250 publications in the maritime law and policy field. He has received honorary degrees from the Canadian Coast Guard College (1992) and the World Maritime University (2007), and was awarded the Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit by the German Government in 1997; the Order of Canada (C.M.) in 1997, and the Order of Australia (A.M.) in 2005. In 2012 he was honoured with the presentation of a ‘Festschrift’ entitled The Regulation of International Shipping: International and Comparative Perspectives—Essays in Honour of Edgar Gold. Professor Gold is now based in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Arthur Hanson, OC

Professor Arthur J. Hanson, OC, is a Distinguished Fellow and former President of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). He was a Professor and Director of the School for Resource and Environmental Studies at Dalhousie University. Prior to that, during the mid-1970s, he worked with the Ford Foundation in Indonesia. Dr. Hanson addresses environment and economy, biodiversity, oceans, and international development concerns globally, in Asia and in Canada. He was one of the founders of the Dalhousie Ocean Studies Programme (DOSP) in the 1970s.

He has served on Canada’s National Round Table on the Environment and Economy (NRTEE), as Canada’s Ministerial Ocean Ambassador with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and in a number of other national advisory posts. He has initiated several major international development activities in Southeast Asia, and currently is a Member and Lead Expert of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED). He is chairing a Working Party on Biotechnology, Sustainable Development and Canada’s Future Economy for the Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee. Dr. Hanson is a member of the Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI), and a Mentor with the Trudeau Foundation. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada.

Hugh Kindred

Professor Hugh Kindred, who joined the Law School as a faculty member in 1971, continues to research and write in the fields of ocean transportation, overseas trade and international law, as well as to assist with the supervision and examination of LLM and PhD students. He is a member of the bars of Nova Scotia and England as well as a past Chair of the Carriage of Goods Committee of the Canadian Maritime Law Association. He was appointed Senior Legal Officer in the Shipping Division of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva for 1985-86, and he was the Director of the Marine and Environmental Law Program (MELP) at the Law School during 1996-97 and again in 2001. In 1998 he went as Visiting Professor of maritime law to the University of Sydney, Australia.

Hugh is a member of the editorial boards of the Ocean Yearbook and the Canadian Yearbook of International Law, and he serves as the coordinator of Canadian contributions to the Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts.

In addition to many articles and book chapters on maritime, commercial and international law, Hugh has published Marine Cargo Delays (with Max Ganado), Multimodal Transport Rules (with Dr. Mary Brooks) and Canadian Maritime Law (with Drs. Edgar Gold and Aldo Chircop), which was co-winner of the Walter Owen Book Prize for 2003-05. In 2014, together with Phillip Saunders and Rob Currie, he produced the 8th edition of International Law Chiefly as Interpreted and Applied in Canada. Also in 2014 he completed a research project with Steve Coughlan, Rob Currie and Teresa Scassa with the publication of Law Beyond Borders: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction in an Age of Globalization.

In 2003 Hugh Kindred was honoured by the Canadian Association of Law teachers with its Award for Academic Excellence and in 2010 he was designated by Dalhousie University as Professor of Law Emeritus.

Moira McConnell

Professor of Law


Dr. Moira L. McConnell is a Professor of Law and the Associate Director (2013-2015) of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute (MELAW). She has been a member of the Faculty of Law at Dalhousie University since 1989 and a member of the Nova Scotia Bar Society since 1990. Since 2003 she has been a Special Advisor to the International Standards Department, International Labour Office of the United Nations in connection with the ILO's Maritime Labour Convention, 2006. She is also an expert faculty member for the Maritime Labour Academy based at the ILO's  International Training Centre, Turin, Italy. Over the last 25 years Professor McConnell has undertaken numerous international, regional and national legal implementation projects related to marine and environmental law and  is currently involved in several projects with colleagues in MELAW.

Professor McConnell's current teaching and research interests are in the fields of public and private international law and domestic law including international law, law of the sea, maritime law and policy, international labour law, environmental law, governance systems, corporate law and governance, administrative and constitutional law, social justice, contract law and human rights. She has over 100 publications in a wide range of topics in these fields including a major book, The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006  A Legal Primer to an Emerging International Regime  (with Dominick Devlin and Cleopatra Doumbia-Henry).  She is also  a co-editor of the international interdisciplinary Ocean Yearbook (1998-ff), an Associate Editor of the Yearbook of International Environmental Law (2006-ff), and is on the editorial board of the WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, the Advisory boards of the Global Journal of Comparative Law and the Journal of Arbitration and Mediation. Professor McConnell also works closely with Masters and Doctoral level candidates at Dalhousie University and elsewhere.

Dawn Russell


Associate Professor Dawn A. Russell practiced law in Halifax for five years with the Atlantic law firm of Stewart McKelvey Stirling Scales before beginning her career as a law teacher in 1987 as an Assistant Professor. She received tenure and was promoted to Associate Professor in July 1992. She served as Acting Dean of Dalhousie Law School from May 1, 1995 to March 31, 1996 and as Dean from April 1, 1996 to June 30, 2005.

Professor Russell is currently the President of St. Thomas University in Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Christian Wiktor, Professor Emeritus

Professor Emeritus Christian L. Wiktor was the Sir James Dunn Law Librarian at Dalhousie Law School for 27 years. Before working at Dalhousie Law Library, he spent ten years in library positions at the New York Public Library in Manhattan, and the State University of New York at Buffalo, Faculty of Law and Jurisprudence. In addition to his formal degrees he was a doctoral candidate in international law at the University of Paris (Sorbonne), specializing in the law of treaties. He continued this interest in producing a number of research tools such as the collection of Unperfected Treaties of the United States, 1776-1976, and the Canadian Treaty Calendar, 1928-1978, both published by Oceana, and two new publications on treaties, Multilateral Treaty Calendar 1648-1995, and Treaties Submitted to the U.S. Senate: Legislative History, 1989-2004, published by Nijhoff in 1998 and 2006. In 2003, Professor Wiktor published the Index to Canadian Treaties 1979-2003. His previous training as a bibliographer at the New York Public Library caused him to produce the first Canadian Bibliography of International Law published by the University of Toronto Press in 1984. He was the founder and editor of the Marine Affairs Bibliography, a current comprehensive index of marine law and policy literature (Vols. 1-13, 1980-1992. Professor Wiktor published recently two essays in tribute to two outstanding international legal scholars and co-editors of remarkable publications, entitled: “The Publications of Ronald St. John Macdonald,” (1954-2006), published in the Canadian Yearbook of International Law (Vol. 44, pp. 479-502), and, with Ted L. McDorman, “The Publications of Douglas Millard Johnston,” (1960-2008), published in The Future of Ocean Regime-Building, edited by Aldo Chircop, et al., published by Nijhoff in 2009 (pp. 739-765). 

Professor Wiktor was an associate of the Oceans Institute of Canada, and is now an honourary fellow of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute. He has been for many years, a member of the Board of Editors for the Ocean Yearbook. Professor Wiktor continued research on the history of U.S. treaty practice (from 1789) at the U.S. Senate Library in Washington, D.C., and as visitor at the University of South Carolina Law School in 2008 and 2009.

Research Associates

Jay Batongbacal Dr. Jay L. Batongbacal received his Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science from the University of the Philippines (UP) College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, and his Bachelor of Laws Degree from the UP College of Law. Upon graduation he served briefly in pro bono litigation and the government service. In 1996, with a scholarship award from the Canadian International Development Agency, he left for Dalhousie University in Canada to acquire his Master of Marine Management Degree, specializing in the Law of the Sea. He returned to the Philippines in 1997 to head the Philippine Center for Marine Affairs, and worked on a wide range of maritime issues from maritime dispute settlement, maritime boundary negotiations, marine resource conservation, community-based fisheries management, seafaring, and shipping. In 2003 he returned to Dalhousie to pursue his doctoral degree, becoming the only foreigner in the inaugural group of graduate students awarded the prestigious Pierre Elliot Trudeau Scholarship. He carried out his doctoral research in ocean energy development and social justice and taught courses at the School of Law, Marine Affairs Program, and at the International Oceans Institute. He rejoined the Faculty of the UP College of Law in 2009 and completed his doctoral degree in 2010. He was the legal advisor for the technical team that successfully pursued the Philippine claim to a continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles in the Benham Rise Region before the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. At present, Dr. Batongbacal is also Director of the Institute for Maritime Affairs & Law of the Sea.
Marie-Ann Bowden Marie-Ann Bowden is a Professor Emeritus from the University of Saskatchewan, College of Law. As former  Managing Editor of the Journal of Environmental Law and Practice Marie-Ann enjoyed interaction through publications and JELP conferences with environmental law academics and public interest advocates from across the country. Active in the ENGO community, she has represented that constituency on environmental boards and committees at the local, provincial and national levels. Educated at Mount Allison University (BA hons.), Queens (LLB) and Osgoode Hall Law School (LLM) Marie-Ann has published and taught in the areas of property, environmental, and natural resources law over her thirty year career. Most recently, she has been involved in the Indigenous Peoples Resource Program at the U of S as a professor of aboriginal resource management working with First Nations band managers from across Canada. Over her career Marie-Ann's most longstanding research interests have included environmental impact assessment and water law issues. In recent years, her interests have focused on First Nations water rights and in particular safe drinking water concerns.
Mary Brooks Dr. Mary R. Brooks, with Stephen Ison, is the Editor of Elsevier’s Research in Transportation Business and Management. Until 2013, she was the William A. Black Chair of Commerce at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. She has been actively engaged in the work of the Transportation Research Board (Washington DC) since 1993, chairing the Committee on International Trade and Transportation, serving on the Committee for Funding Options for Freight Transportation Projects of National Significance, and she was appointed to the Marine Board of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 2008. She is the founder and chair of the Port Performance Research Network, a network of more than 50 scholars interested in port governance and port performance issues. She is well known for her work on short sea shipping in Canada, the U.S. and Australia. Her latest book with Thanos Pallis, Classics in Port Policy and Management, was published by Edward Elgar in May 2012.
Scott Coffen-Smout Scott Coffen-Smout is an oceans management biologist with the Oceans and Coastal Management Division, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Scott holds a B.Sc. in biology and a Marine Affairs Diploma from Dalhousie University and an M.Sc. in marine environmental science from the University of Wales, Bangor. His professional affiliations include being an alumnus of the International Ocean Institute, a member of the Ocean Management Research Network, an associate of the Marine & Environmental Law Institute, and co-editor of the Ocean Yearbook. Scott has had a varied interdisciplinary career in oceans management and oceans policy research, fisheries development, management and research, shellfish aquaculture development, management and research, and marine affairs project management.
Mark Covan

Mark Covan is General Counsel with the Public Prosecution Service of Canada, Atlantic Regional Office, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and has worked as a Federal Prosecutor for over 18 years. Mr. Covan has a BA from Toronto and a JD and LLM from Dalhousie University. He has extensive trial litigation experience, primarily in the area of narcotic/controlled substances criminal prosecutions, and has acted as Counsel for the Crown on a number of Charter and constitutional law cases. He has appeared before the Supreme Court of Canada, and all levels of court in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador and has extensive experience conducting appeals before the Courts of Appeal in those Provinces.

He is a member of the Part-time Faculty at Schulich School of Law, teaching Evidence. His research interests are in the area of offshore jurisdiction, compliance and enforcement, with particular emphasis on ship-source oil pollution, and state enforcement through domestic legislation. He is an avid scuba diver and underwater photographer, his photographs having been published on several occasions in dive-related publications.

Robert Currie Robert J. Currie, of the Nova Scotia Bar, was formerly a civil litigator with McInnes Cooper (Halifax). He received his LLB from Dalhousie and his LLM from the University of Edinburgh. He is an Associate Professor and has been teaching at the Schulich School of Law on a part-time or full-time basis since 2001. He is a specialist in public international law, particularly international and transnational criminal law, and his MELI-oriented work focuses on the penal and liability aspects of international environmental law and the law of the sea, particularly maritime jurisdiction. He acts as a legal consultant on a regular basis, and has published widely. He currently teaches in the areas of evidence, international criminal law, criminal law and law & technology. He is the Director of the Law & Technology Institute at the Schulich School of Law and is the Vice-President of the Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia. 
Linda Duncan Linda F. Duncan has over 30 years experience in environmental law, policy and resource management in government, private and international sectors. Extensive experience in the design and delivery of programs and strategies for: effective environmental regulation; alternative approaches to enforcement and compliance; efficient allocation of regulatory and compliance staff and resources; coordination of central and regional agency mandates through delegation, decentralization or de-concentration; enhanced compliance through negotiated rule-making; inter-agency communications and team building; public outreach, consultations, and cooperative management involving NGOs, local and indigenous communities and First Nations. Extensive experience in the design and delivery of technical training programs including outreach to other government agencies and to regional or local authorities. Experience with development and maintenance, of regional regulatory, resource management and enforcement networks. She is currently a Member of Parliament for Edmonton Strathcona and New Democrat Critic for the Environment.
David Dzidzornu David Dzidzornu is a Graduate Research Assistant in the LLM program at the Schulich School of Law. His research in international law of the sea focuses on marine environmental protection and integrated coastal zone management with reference to Africa’s regional seas. In 2011-2012 he taught International Environmental Law.
Howard Epstein Howard Epstein is the MLA for Halifax Chebucto having been first elected in 1998, he is retiring at the end of his current term. Prior to serving as MLA he was a municipal councillor. Howard has a degree in Law and has taught Land Use and Land Use Planning Law at Dalhousie’s Shulich School of Law for many years. He has published regularly on the topic, most notably major articles on Federal land use regulatory powers and on municipal government powers over sustainability.
David Henley David Henley is Vice President and General Counsel with Irving Shipbuilding Inc.  He previously spent 15 years in the Halifax office of Stewart McKelvey as a partner in the area of maritime, energy and natural resources, and environmental law. He serves in the Army Reserve as a Brigadier-General and is currently the Deputy Commander for the 5th Canadian Division, essentially the Army in Atlantic Canada. In 2009, Brigadier-General Henley was invested by the Governor-General as an officer of the Order of Military Merit and received the Bronze Star Medal from the United States government for his service in Afghanistan. He is a past chair of the CBA Environmental Law Subsection, Nova Scotia. Since 2010, Mr. Henley has been a member of the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada. He has written and presented papers on a variety of subjects at industry seminars and taught Fisheries Law in MELP program from 2004 to 2015.
William Lahey

William Lahey is an Associate Professor at the Schulich School of Law and the School of Health Administration, Dalhousie University. He is a member and past Director of the Dalhousie Health Law Institute and a member of Dalhousie’s Marine and Environmental Law Institute. He is a Rhodes Scholar graduate of Mount Allison University and has law degrees from the University of Oxford and the University of Toronto.
He teaches Public Law, Administrative Law and Health Systems Law and Policy and is the winner of two Law School teaching awards. He also teaches environmental law at the University of Saskatchewan to Ph.D. students in toxicology and public health through the NSERC-funded CREATE grant in Health and Environmental Risk Assessment, as well as to students in Dalhousie’s undergraduate program in sustainability.

He has published in the fields of health law, administrative law, constitutional law, environmental law, and legal history. He is consulted on law and policy in multiple fields, including health, energy, environment and professional regulation. He is the founding Chair of the Board of Directors of Efficiency Nova Scotia Corporation and Vice-Chair of the Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation. He has served as Deputy Minister of the Nova Scotia Department of Environment and Labour (2004-2007); Assistant Deputy Minister of the Nova Scotia Department of Health (1998-2001); Chief Counsel to the Canada/Nova Scotia Advisory Panel on the sharing of off-shore revenue (2008); and as Independent Reviewer (with Mr. Justice La Forest) of Nova Scotia’s mental health legislation (2012-2013).

Norman Letalik

Norman Letalik is a partner in the Toronto office of Borden Ladner Gervais LLP. Norm currently practices in the fields of product liability, class actions, maritime and shipping law. He is also a member of BLG’s Team North. He is a litigation partner and the National Leader of BLG’s Auto Industry Focus Group. Norm is listed in Best Lawyers in Canada for product liability law and in Lexpert for maritime and shipping law. Norm is the past National Head of the following BLG focus groups: Product Liability, Information Technology, International and ADR. From 1996 to 1998, Norm was the Managing Partner of BLG’s office in London, UK.

Prior to practicing law, Norm was a law professor at Dalhousie University (1980-86) and the National University of Singapore (1986-88). Norm has delivered numerous papers and presentations throughout the world, and has written more than 50 publications in many areas of law. Norm is currently an adjunct professor at the University of Toronto Law School, where he lectures in the Global Professional LL.M. Program. Norm is a team member of the CBA Futures Project, focusing on the future of legal education and training in Canada. Norm was called to the bar of Ontario in 1989 and was added to the rolls as a solicitor in England and Wales in 1998.

Kenneth MacInnis. QC

Kenneth A. MacInnis, QC, is a Halifax lawyer, with expertise in marine oil pollution liability and compensation. He has made significant contributions nationally in Ottawa as the Administrator directing Canada’s Ship-source Oil Pollution Fund (1998-2006), and internationally as Head of the Canadian delegation, and otherwise, at sessions of the International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds in London.

Called to the Bars of British Columbia and Nova Scotia, he has considerable domestic and international experience, including having conducted a very active marine, environmental,
community planning and fisheries law private practice. Mr. MacInnis has a history of volunteer leadership in political, education, legal and social services sectors.

Constance MacIntosh Constance MacIntosh has been a faculty member with the Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, since 2002, and is an Assocuate Professor and the Director of Dalhousie’s Health Law Institute. Prior to joining the law school, from 2000-2002 she was an Associate Lawyer at Mandell Pinder, a boutique firm which specializes in First Nation rights and resource management. From 1999 to 2000 she articled at Faskens after receiving her JD from Osgoode Hall Law School where she was the Class Gold Medalist in 1999. Professor MacIntosh’s research focuses on the public health interests of Indigenous communities, with an emphasis on factors such as water quality, housing and food. She has published extensively regarding how state law supports or impairs Indigenous peoples attaining appropriate living standards, and is currently a Member of the Council of Canadian Academies Expert Panel on Food Security Research in Northern Canada.
Ted McDorman

Ted L. McDorman is a Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Victoria in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Before joining the University of Victoria in 1985, Professor McDorman was at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia with the Dalhousie Oceans Studies Program (DOSP). He has been a visiting professor at institutions in Thailand, Sweden, the Netherlands and Canada and has over 120 publications in the areas of ocean law and policy, international trade law and comparative constitutional law.

Since 2000, he has been the editor-in-chief of Ocean Development and International Law. He has undertaken projects for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, including legislative drafting, conducting of workshops and report writing on fisheries and fisheries trade, and written reports on ocean law and policy matters for the governments of Canada, Quebec and British Columbia.

During 2002-2004 and 2011-2013 Professor McDorman was the “Academic-in- Residence” with the Bureau of Legal Affairs of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade in Ottawa where he worked on a wide range of ocean law topics including have a small role in the decision and process respecting Canada’s ratification of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in 2003 and the anticipated Canadian submission of information respecting the outer limits of the continental shelf to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in late 2013.

Robert Miedema Robert L. Miedema is a partner at BOYNECLARKE LLP and practices Tax and Estate Planning, Corporate Law and Environmental Law. Rob also lectures frequently on various topics within his practice areas. Since January 2010 he has been part-time faculty with the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University, teaching courses about business organizations and environmental law. In 2008 and 2009 he taught a graduate course in Dalhousie University’s Faculty of Management. Rob sits on the Board of Directors of the Dartmouth General Hospital Charitable Foundation and maintains memberships in the Canadian Tax Foundation, the Canadian chapter of the Society of Trust & Estate Practitioners and the Canadian Bar Association. He is a former director of the East Coast Environmental Law Association.
Lisa Mitchell Lisa Mitchell is a lawyer (Dalhousie, 1991) and principal of LJM Environmental Law.  She has a Masters of Environmental Studies from the School for Resource and Environmental Studies (Dalhousie, 1994), and more than fifteen years of experience working in the areas of environmental law, policy and environmental management. Lisa’s law practice is exclusively in the area of environmental law.  She has developed a broad-ranging practice base that includes governments, non-government organizations, private-sector companies, community groups and individual clients.  Her expertise in this area originated in the challenging field of agri-environmental law and has expanded to include contaminated sites, environmental impact assessment, water regulation, professional and corporate environmental liability, coastal management and other areas.  Lisa has provided advice and training on environmental legislation and policy in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Ontario and federally. Lisa’s interest in environmental law grew out of a childhood spent in the woods and this history continues to infuse her law practice on a daily basis.  Over the past three years her practice has evolved to a primarily public interest practice providing legal advice and support to community groups, environmental and conservation organizations.  Since 2011 she has served as the lawyer for the East Coast Environmental Law Association, an organization that seeks to use and improve the law in a manner that supports a clean and healthy environment for present and future generations.
William Moreira
A. William Moreira, QC, is a partner in the Halifax, Nova Scotia office of Stewart McKelvey.  He has practiced for more than 35 years in Admiralty and commercial litigation and public law litigation, appearing before all levels of court in Nova Scotia, the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada, as well as serving as counsel and as an arbitrator in domestic and international arbitrations. Will is former president (2005-2007) of the Canadian Maritime Law Association, former Chair of the Canadian Bar Association’s national maritime law section, a titulary member of Comité Maritime International, a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, and former Chair of the Maritime and Energy Law Committee of the International Association of Defense Counsel.  He is a part-time faculty member in the Marine and Environmental Law Institute of Dalhousie University’s Schulich School of Law and a former Chair of the Mission to Seafarers, Halifax. 
  Tony Puthucherril Information to come.
Susan Rolston Susan J. Rolston is sole proprietor of Seawinds Consulting Services, providing research, writing, editing, indexing, and publication management and production services. Ms. Rolston’s areas of special expertise include marine policy and management, maritime security, the environment, and international affairs and development. She has held research and management positions with marine-related institutes and programs at Dalhousie University. Ms. Rolston has contributed to numerous marine science and marine policy publications. She is a co-editor, with Aldo Chircop, Norman Letalik and Ted L. McDorman, of The Regulation of International Shipping: International and Comparative Perspectives, Essays in Tribute to Edgar Gold (Martinus Nijhoff, 2012). She holds a B.A. (Hons.) from the University of Western Ontario and a M.A. from Dalhousie University, both in Political Science. Ms. Rolston is a Research Fellow of the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, and Treasurer of the Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership (BoFEP).
Wendell Sanford

Wendell Sanford has been a career diplomat, international lawyer, and naval officer. Most recently at the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development he has been Canadian High Commissioner to Brunei and the first Canadian Representative to the Government of Burma. In Ottawa he has served as Director of Oceans and Environmental Law and Director of Criminal, Diplomatic and Security Law. During his lengthy diplomatic career he has been involved in the negotiation of the UN High Seas Fisheries Convention, Western and Central Pacific Tuna Convention and NAFO reform process. With respect to Canadian Arctic Mr. Sanford held the lead in the legal aspects of extending the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act to 200 nautical miles and the regulation which made compulsory reporting to NORDREG. He held the Foreign Affairs lead in developing the Canadian Extended Continental Shelf Submission for the first two years of the seven year process.

Prior to joining Canada’s foreign ministry Mr. Sanford had an extensive naval reserve career including servicing as Staff Officer Naval Control and Shipping at Maritime Command Headquarters in Halifax. Mr. Sanford holds degrees from Saint Mary’s University (BA and BEd), Dalhousie (LL B) and Victoria University of Wellington, NZ (MPP).

Wylie Spicer Wylie Spicer, Q.C., is counsel in the Calgary office of Norton Rose Fulbright whose areas of practice are energy, shipping, Canadian North and Arctic transportation, and law of the sea. Wylie has many publications and teaches Maritime Law at Dalhousie University. A former Managing Partner, he was chosen as one of the Top 50 CEO’s in Atlantic Canada in 2006. He has an AV rating from Martindale-Hubbell and is recognized in many publications as a Leading Practitioner in Maritime Law in Canada. He has advised clients on all aspects of the Canadian Off-shore Industry for over 35 years. Wylie is past president of the Canadian Bar Association for Nova Scotia, a member of the law societies of Alberta, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, the Canadian Maritime Law Association, and the International Bar Association. He also was recently appointed by the Province of Nova Scotia to the Board of Directors of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia and is a past member of the Board of the Nova Scotia Hearing and Speech Foundation.
Ronda Vanderhoek Ronda Vanderhoek is Acting Team Leader of the Regulatory Prosecutions Team in the Public Prosecution Service of Canada’s Atlantic Regional Office in Halifax. She received her LLB from Dalhousie Law School in 1996 and was subsequently admitted to the NS Bar in 1997. Before joining the PPSC in 2000, Ronda was a criminal defence counsel with the NS Legal Aid Commission. For 16 years Ronda has practiced exclusively in the areas of criminal and regulatory law. Over the years Ronda has been active in lecturing and providing legal training to federal officers/investigators, lawyers and the general public. Most recently she was a presenter at Dalhousie University, Continuing Technical Education: Environmental Inspections & Investigations course and the Canadian Institute of Research Law Environment in the Courtroom (II): Environmental Prosecutions.
Hugh Williamson Hugh Williamson is a consultant in Marine and Environmental Law and Management, International Oceans Institute of Canada: Maritime Surveillance, Surveillance Networks and Enforcement Integration. He is responsible for organising and delivering training in fisheries enforcement and prosecution, and for Fisheries Policy and environmental protection analysis. He is an adjunct professor in the Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University, and lecturer on Environmental NGO’s at Lester B Pearson International Peacekeeping Training Centre, Clementsport, Nova Scotia. He is also a visiting professor to the United Nations World Maritime University in Malmo, Sweden, and Staff Officer Naval Cooperation and Guidance of Shipping / Naval Intelligence for the Canadian Armed Forces Maritime Command Lecturer in Military Law and Law of the Sea at the Canadian Forces Fleet School.
Gilbert Winham Gilbert Winham, Adjunct Professor of Law, teaches and conducts research in the area of international trade law and policy. Dr. Winham is a Professor Emeritus of
Political Science, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a past Woodrow Wilson Fellow (2001-2002). He has served frequently on NAFTA dispute settlement panels. Dr. Winham has over twenty years experience in training government officials from developing countries in trade policy and negotiation at the GATT/WTO in Geneva. He has served as an on-site consultant in connection with the application for accession to the WTO of Jordan and the Kyrgyz Republic. He previously served as Chair of the Board of Directors for the North-South Institute, Ottawa and was a Distinguished Visiting Professor for the Centre for International Studies, Munk Centre, University of Toronto (2004/05). He teaches the international trade law course that is recognized under the Marine & Environmental Law Program.