Lost in the Great War

 Lt. David Livingstone

Lost in the Great War

Alan MacLeod
from Hearsay Magazine
Volume 35, Winter 2013/14

Inside the entrance to St. James Presbyterian Church at Big Bras d’Or on Boularderie Island in Cape Breton there is a tarnished bronze tablet, ignored by almost everyone who passes by on a Sunday morning. The old tablet bears the names of those in the church’s congregation who served in the First World War.

 St. James is not a large church nor was it a large congregation in 1914 but the names run to a remarkable total of 90 men and one woman. Eleven of the men bear the surname Livingstone, all of them great-grandsons of the first Scots settler in this part of Cape Breton, one Angus Livingstone, the first person buried in the
church cemetery.

Of the eleven Livingstones listed on the bronze plaque five made what we have come to call ‘the ultimate duty to King and Empire and would never return to Nova Scotia. They lie in British war cemeteries scattered across Flanders and northern France.

Two of these men have a connection to Dalhousie University. Charles Donald Livingstone was one of just six graduates of sacrifice’. Each of these five, born on Boularderie Island, would answer the call of

the then called Dalhousie Law School, class of 1903. Visit the fourth floor hallway of Dalhousie’s Weldon Law Building and you will see a framed photo montage of the 1903 class and faculty, including the dean for whom the building is named: Richard Chapman Weldon. After graduation Charles Livingstone returned to Cape Breton to practice law at Sydney. But not for long. Like so many of his Livingstone kinsmen he was drawn by the lure of distant places.

In 1908 Livingstone went west, settling in Yorkton, Saskatchewan. At that time Saskatchewan had been a province of Canada barely three years. Charles went to work with a fellow practitioner on Yorkton’s main street. He flourished. In short order he was Yorkton’s mayor. In the Canadian general election of 1911 he ran for Parliament. That was the year the Conservatives under Robert Borden finally defeated the Laurier Liberals. But not in Saskatchewan’s Mackenzie district: there Livingstone was trounced by the incumbent Liberal.

By 1914 Livingstone was 43, a successful middle-aged lawyer. Given his age and community standing he might easily have left the fighting to the young men of Yorkton. Instead he enlisted in the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles and went off to war. While training in England, Lt. Livingstone dutifully corresponded with friends and family. His war relics include a packet of postcards to a young nephew in Cape Breton that reached their destination, damaged and water-stained, after the ship carrying mail to Canada was sunk by a German U-boat.

By October of 1916 Livingstone, twice promoted, was in the thick of fighting near Courcelette village during the Battle of the Somme. The result of the enemy’s fierce October 12 artillery barrage was a battalion casualty toll of 48 soldiers killed, wounded or missing. Six of these casualties were mortal, including Maj. Charles Livingstone. He died in the arms of a friend and fellow officer from Yorkton who recorded Livingstone’s final words: Well, I’m done.  I’ve done the best I can for ‘B’ Company.  Write to Father.

The regard his fellow citizens felt for Charles Livingstone can be felt even today in Yorkton, nearly a century after he died. Livingstone Street is named in his honour. In the city’s courthouse another bronze tablet honours his memory.

Charles’ younger brother David was 26 when war broke out in 1914, and a student at the Dalhousie Law School. He quit his studies in 1915 to enlist in the 185th Battalion, the Cape Breton Highlanders. David’s in-uniform portrait suggests a serious young man trying to look the part of a menacing soldier. Like his brother Charles he wrote to family back in Cape Breton. His war relics include a book sent to his sister at Christmas and inscribed to her in his fine handwriting. The handwriting and the usefulness of his legal training is displayed in another relic of his war: a soldier’s will prepared by David. The soldier, his witness and Lt. David Livingstone would all die before the war was over.

In mid-October 1918 he was in the thick of the fighting for the city of Cambrai. On October 10, just a month to go before the Armistice, he was commanding a motor machine gun unit when, once again, enemy shellfire found its target. The Livingstone family of Black Brook at Boularderie had lost another son.

David was said to be his father’s favourite. He had endured the loss of Charles and a third son, Hugh, but David’s death was too much to bear. Within just a few days of receiving the dreadful news from Cambrai the family patriarch was dead himself. The cause, the family believed, was a broken heart.

These Dalhousie men, Charles and David, are only two of the myriad sacrificed in the ‘War to End All Wars’. They lie in military cemeteries at Pozieres and Haynecourt in northern France, cemeteries as beautiful and haunting as the hundreds of others scattered along the Western Front. The effect of these cemeteries and the unfathomable grief they convey is well captured in a new documentary film, ‘Fallen Soldiers’ by Clerisy Entertainment. The film debuted Remembrance Day 2012 on Eastlink Television. Eastlink re-broadcasts it from time to time. Among the Nova Scotia soldiers whose stories it tells are Charles and David Livingstone.

Just behind the Presbyterian church at Big Bras d’Or there is an impressively tall monument, an obelisk bearing the names of the lost Livingstone brothers and the storied Canadian battles in which they died: Ypres, Courcelette, Cambrai. Beside it is the gravestone of the soldiers’ father. Though they stand silent these granite witnesses to the consequences of war convey much about the heartache the war delivered to one Cape Breton family almost a century ago. Just one family among the multitude. •

The Law School's Roll of Honour

Dalhousie University made every effort to record the names of those who served, those who were decorated and those who lost their lives during the First World War. The President’s Report estimated that 525 Dalhousians were involved in the war only some of which saw action.  The following is a list of law students and alumni who had enlisted. The names can be found in the President’s Report.

Name Hometown Years Attended or Graduation Year Special Notes
M.B. Archibald             Manganese Mines, NS LL.B. ’15  
W. deW. Barss Dartmouth, NS LL.B. ‘14  
R. B. Blauvelt Tusket, NS Law ’13-’14 & ’15-‘16  
Harry M. Blois Halifax, NS LL.B.’12  Killed in action
William F. Carroll Margaree Forks, NS LL.B.’04  
Edward A. Chisholm Havre Boucher, NS Law ’13-’15 Military Cross with Bar
Clair Churchill Amherst, NS  Law ’08-‘10  
John N. Conroy Charlottetown, PEI Law ’14-‘16  
Walter Crowe Sydney, NS LL.B. ‘86  
A.J. Cyr             St. Hilaire, NB LL.B. 15  
Howard C. Dawson Truro, NS Law ’14-’15 Wounded and Missing
Horace A. Dickey Edmonton, AB LL.B. ’05 Killed in Action
Horace B. Dickey Kentville, NS Law ’16-‘17  
Ernest Doiron Shediac, NB  LL.B. ‘16  
William G. Foster Dartmouth, NS LL.B. ’05 Killed in Action
Alistair Fraser New Glasgow, NS LL.B. ’08 Military Cross
R. Douglas Graham New Glasgow, NS LL.B. ’14 Military Cross
K. B. Hamilton Toronto, ON Law ’14-‘15  
J. R. H. Harley Windsor, ON             Law ’14-‘15  
Gordon S. Harrington Sydney, NS LL.B. ‘04  
C. R. Hawkins Fredericton, NB Law ’12-14  
John H. Hearn Sydney, NS LL.B.’08  
Harry Henry Halifax, NS  Law ’13-‘14  
Robert E. Inglis N. Lochaber, NS  Law ’14-‘16  
David Jardine Richibucto, NB LL.B.’00 Died of wounds
Murray F. Johnstone Sydney, NS Law ’12-‘15  
H. R. St. Clair Jones Weymouth, NS Law ’13-‘15  
Owen B. Jones Halifax, NS LL.B. ’14 Distinguished Conduct Medal with Bar
Harold S. Knight St. John’s, NL Law’14-‘16  
William F. Lane Bayfield, NB LL.B.’15  
Francis P.H. Layton Truro, NS LL.B. ’10 Killed in Action
Raymond LeBlanc Arichat, NS  Law ’11-‘12  
Charles D. Livingstone Yorkton, SK LL.B. ’03 Killed in Action
David Livingstone Black Brook, NS Law ’14-‘15  
Gerald W. Lyons Kentville, NS Law 15’-‘17  
D. D. MacDonald Bailey’s Brook, NS LL.B. ‘14  
J. Welsford MacDonald Pictou, NS LL.B. 14  
W. Chisholm MacDonald Bailey’s Brook, NS LL.B. ‘08  
John K. MacKay Pictou, NS Law ’13-’15 Distinguished Service Order
Ewan C. MacKenzie Flat River, PEI LL.B. 08  
C. T. Macleod New Haven, NS Arts & Law ’10-’15 Military Medal
H. K. MacMahon Waterville, NS Law ’13-‘12  
Murdoch A. MacPherson Grande Anse, NS LL.B. ‘13  
J. W. Maddin Sydney, NS LL.B. ‘00  
J.W. Margeson Bridgewater, NS LL.B. ‘08  
J.J. Martin Lourdes, NS LL.B. ‘09  
T. Gordon McLean Winnipeg, MB Law ’14-’15 Killed in Action
Ray Milner Halifax, NS LL.B. ‘11  
Norman G. Murray Vermillion, SK    LL.B. ‘01  
J.H.T. Nicholson Sydney Mines, NS LL.B. ‘15  
William Noblett Preston, England LL.B. ‘16  
Francis M. O’Neill Fredericton, N.B.  LL.B. ’12  
L.E. Ormond Amherst, NS LL.B. ‘16  
Daniel Owen Annapolis Royal, NS LL.B. ’11 Prisoner in Germany
Frank H. Patterson Tatamagouche, NS LL.B. ‘16  
E.C. Phinney Bear River, NS LL.B. ‘15  
Walter W. Pickup Granville Ferry, NS Law ’14-‘15  
Henry H. Pineo Waterville, NS LL.B. ’14 Killed in Action
James H. Power Halifax, NS Law ’15-‘18  
Ivan S. Ralston Amherst, NS LL.B. ’16 Military Cross
J. Layton Ralston Amherst, NS Law ’02-’03 Distinguished Service Order
O.R. Regan Dartmouth, NS LL.B. ‘01  
Struan G. Robertson New Glasgow, NS LL.B. ‘94  
John S. Roper     LL.B. ‘13  
Barry W. Roscoe Kentville, NS LL.B. ’04 Distinguished Service Order
William A. Ross Saint John East, NB LL.B. ‘14  
J.A. Rudland Halifax, NS Law ’13-‘14  
W.T. Ruggies Middleton, NS Law ’14-‘15  
B.W. Russell Halifax, NS LL.B. ‘11  
Alexander M. Seaman  Minudie, NS LL.B. ‘16  
Charles D. Shreve Digby, NS Law ’14-’15 Military Cross
Loy S. Sifton Moose Jaw, SK  Law ’14-’15  
D.C. Sinclair New Glasgow, NS LL.B ‘11  
Sidney E. Smith Windsor, NS Law ’15-‘16  
Hugh M. Stairs             Halifax, NS LL.B. ‘15  
John K. Swanson Kentville, NS     LL.B. ‘15  
W.E. Thompson Halifax, NS LL.B. ‘93  
L.L. Titus Westport, NS LL.B. ‘16  
J.D. Vair Pictou, NS LL.B. ‘13  
John E. Wood Halifax, NS  LL.B. ‘96  
G. DeW. Young Millville, NS Arts & Law ’11-‘15