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Environmental Regulations for Managers

This three-day course will cover the current provincial and federal environmental statutes and regulations and apply them to the day-to-day experiences of managers. Participants will have the opportunity to apply legal tools to practical day-to-day environmental issues. The course will include presentations, discussion and time for Q & A with legal experts. With this knowledge of the regulatory regime, the manager will be equipped with one of the essential tools for managing issues which have an environmental component.


  • Federal regulation of toxics, fisheries, endangered species 
    • Canadian Environmental Protection Act 
    • Fisheries Act 
    • Species at Risk Act 
    • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act
  • Provincial regulation of water, contaminated soil, environmental impact assessment
    • Nova Scotia Environment Act
    • Environmental Goals & Sustainable Prosperity Act
  • Regulating Contaminated Sites
  • Regulatory Offences and Defences
  • Environmental Impact Assessment


To gain an understanding of the environmental regulatory regime within which individuals, business and the government operates. To examine and work through examples of practical day-to-day environmental issues so that participants are equipped with the necessary regulatory background and knowledge in order to efficiently and effectively resolve environmental issues.

Who Should Attend

Managers or individuals in public and private enterprise including middle to senior government personnel, managers from lending institutions, representatives of community and non-governmental organizations, oil and gas industry, engineers, scientists and consultants, municipal officials and lawyers who may not practice full-time in environmental matters.


Day 1 - registration/check-in will start at 8:00 a.m. with sessions to begin at 8:30 a.m. and adjourn at 4:00 p.m. Days 2-3 will commence at 8:30 a.m. and adjourn at 4:00 p.m. There will be 15 minute mid-morning and afternoon breaks. A light lunch is included.

Course Outline

Day 1 - Lead Instructor: L. Mitchell

8:30 Registration
8:45 Introductions
9:00 The Legal System and the Creation of Law
Presentation 1: Creating Law
Presentation 2: Court Structure
Presentation 3: The Constitution and the Environment
10:30 Break
10:45 Federal Regulation of the Environment
Presentation 4: Canadian Environmental Protection Act
Presentation 5: Fisheries Act  
12:00 Lunch
12:30 Federal Regulation and the Environment (con’t)
Presentation 6: Species at Risk Act
Presentation 7: Environmental Enforcement Act
1:20 Break
1:30 Provincial Regulation and the Environment
Presentation 8: Nova Scotia Environment Act
2:30 Break
2:50 Q & A
3:00 Quiz
4:00 Adjournment

Day 2 - Lead Instructor: L. Mitchell

8:30 Provincial Regulation and the Environment
Presentation 1: Other Statutes
·  Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act
·  Municipal Government Act
·  Fisheries and Coastal Resources Act
10:00 Break
10:30 Environmental Impact Assessment (Federal)
Presentation 2: Overview of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act  
Environmental Impact Assessment (Provincial)
Presentation 3:  Environmental Impact Assessment in Nova Scotia
12:00 Lunch
12:30 Contaminated Sites
Presentation 4: Regulatory Framework for Contaminated Sites (Guest Speaker)
Presentation 5: Management of Contaminated Sites
(Guest Speaker)
3:00 Break
3:30 Water Law
Presentation 6: Water Law in Canada – A Multijurisdictional Overview
4:00 Adjournment

Day 3 - Lead Instructor: L. Mitchell

8:30 Environmental Offences and Defences
Presentation 1: Regulatory Offences
Presentation 2: Defence of Due Diligence
9:30 Break
9:45 Environmental Offences and Defences (con’t)
Presentation 3: Due Diligence and Environmental Management Systems
Presentation 4: Sentencing in Environmental Offences  
10:30 Break
10:45 Exercise: Case Study
11:30 Prep for Panel
Environmental Policy and Regulation Panel
This is intended to be a general discussion of the Fisheries Act, CEPA, and the NSEA. The current status of the statutes, new regulatory measures being undertaken and how the statutes are enforced. The panel will also provide perspective on the role of policy within government and how policy integrates with the law.
3:00 Break
3:30 Q & A/Quiz
4:00 Adjournment


Lisa J. Mitchell, M.E.S., LL.B, is the principal of LJM Environmental Law and staff lawyer for the East Coast Environmental Law Association. She has a Masters of Environmental Studies from the School for Resource and Environmental Studies and more than fifteen years of experience working in the areas of environmental law, policy and environmental management. Lisa has a broad-ranging practice base that includes government, non-government organizations, private-sector companies, community groups and individual clients.  She has provided legal advice on issues related to contaminated sites, environmental impact assessment, water regulation, aquaculture, mining, environmental liability and coastal management. Lisa has provided advice and training on environmental legislation and policy in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island and Ontario.