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Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

Computer Simulation, Selection, Applications, Operation, Inspection, Diagnostic Testing, Maintenance, Overhaul, Refurbishment, Performance Monitoring, Power Augmentation, Economics, Profit Optimization, Revenue and Life Cycle Cost Analysis

Diesel engines and gas turbines have the highest efficiency and reliability. They also have the lowest capital, operation and maintenance cost. These engines have been used in numerous applications including cars, trucks, buses, ships, railroad locomotives, freight trains, tractors, aircrafts, marine propulsion, motorcycles, military vehicles, power generation, and Emergency Power Systems as well. The environmental emissions of these engines are minimal. This seminar will provide in-depth coverage of the selection, operation, inspection, diagnostic testing, troubleshooting, maintenance, refurbishment, performance monitoring, power augmentation, and economics of all types of diesel engines and gas turbines. The main focus of this seminar will be on the inspection, testing, troubleshooting, maintenance, and refurbishment and computer simulation of these engines. All the components, instrumentation, and control systems of diesel engines and gas turbines will be covered in detail. The design, selection considerations, operation, maintenance, pay-back period, economics of power generating plants using diesel engines or gas turbines as well as, emission limits, reliability, monitoring and governing systems will also be covered in detail. This seminar will also provide up-dated information in respect to all the significant improvements that have been made to diesel engines and gas turbines during the last two decades.

This seminar will also illustrate through sophisticated computer simulation how gas turbines plants perform under steady-state and transient conditions. In addition, the delegates will learn how to use the computer simulation program which provides the following benefits:

  • Allow the operator to extend the gas turbine operating period by avoiding unnecessary outages and maintenance activities.
  • Determination of essential gas turbine maintenance activities to reduce the duration of outages.
  • Profit optimization of gas turbine plants.
  • Minimization of the environmental emissions of diesel engines and gas turbines

Who Should Attend

  • Engineers of all disciplines
  • Managers
  • Technicians
  • Maintenance personnel
  • Other technical individuals

Seminar Outcome

  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Components and Systems: Learn about all components and subsystems of the various types of diesel engines and gas turbines
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Failure Modes, Inspection, Diagnostic Testing, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, and Refurbishment: Learn about all the failure modes of diesel engines and gas turbines, inspection techniques, diagnostic testing, troubleshooting, maintenance and refurbishment activities required for diesel engines and gas turbines to minimize their operating cost and maximize their efficiency, reliability, and longevity.
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Environmental Emissions: Learn about the monitoring and control of diesel engine and gas turbine environmental emissions
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Instrumentation and Control Systems: Learn about the latest instrumentation and control systems of diesel engines and gas turbines
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Reliability and Testing: Increase your knowledge of diesel engine and gas turbine predictive and preventive maintenance, reliability and testing
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Selection and Applications: Gain a detailed understanding of the selection considerations and applications of diesel engines and gas turbines in power generating plants and industry
  • Gas Turbine Computer simulation: Gain a thorough understanding of computer simulation of gas turbines plants.
  • Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines Economics: Examine the advantages, applications, performance and economics of diesel engines and gas turbines
  • Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Equipment: Learn about various diesel engine and gas turbine equipment including: pistons, cylinders, fuel and lubrication systems, electronic management system, turbochargers and superchargers, compressors, turbines, governing systems, combustors, and auxiliaries
  • Power Plant Profitability: Learn about the reliability, life cycle cost, profitability, refurbishment, and life extension methods for all types of diesel engines and gas turbines

Training Methodology

The instructor relies on a highly interactive training method to enhance the learning process. This method ensures that all the delegates gain a complete understanding of all the topics covered. The training environment is highly stimulating, challenging, and effective because the participants will learn by case studies which will allow them to apply the material taught to their own organization.

Special Feature

Each participant will receive a copy of the following materials written by the instructor:

  • Diesel Engines Manual (250 pages - covering operation, maintenance, testing, troubleshooting, and refurbishment of diesel engines)
  • Gas Turbines Manual (200 pages - covering operation, maintenance, testing, troubleshooting, and refurbishment of gas turbines)
  • Relevant material from the Power Generation Handbook, Second Edition, authored by Philip Kiameh.

Program Outline

Day 1 - Diesel Engine Design, Features, Efficiency, Components, Advantages, Fuel System, Electronic Management System, Safety, Applications, and Cost

  • Diesel engine efficiency, features, operation, and fuel injection systems
  • Diesel engine pistons, cylinders, strokes, diagrams, valves, air flow and fuel
  • Indirect injection and direct injection of diesel engines
  • Cold weather effects on diesel engines: starting and gelling
  • Two-stroke diesel engine design and types
  • Two-stroke diesel engine intake, crankcase compression, transfer and exhaust
  • Advantages and disadvantages of two-stroke diesel engines
  • Four-stroke diesel engine design, components, and types
  • Diesel engine supercharging and turbocharging
  • Modern high- and medium-speed engines
  • Modern low-speed engines, gas generator
  • Advantages and disadvantages of diesel engines versus spark-ignition engines: fuel economy, torque, power, forced induction, emissions, noise, reliability, quality and variety of fuels
  • Diesel engine fuel and fluid characteristics
  • Diesel engine safety: fuel flammability, and maintenance hazards
  • Diesel engine applications: power generation, passenger cars, railroad rolling stock, other transport applications, military fuel standardization, non-transport applications
  • Diesel engine speeds: high-speed engines, medium-speed engines, and low-speed engines
  • Diesel engine fuel systems: air blast, jerk pump system, inline pumps, distributor pumps, Bosch VE, Injector pump service (bleeding and timing), delivery valves (service), injectors (injector service, spray pattern, nozzle opening pressure, sealing, chatter), timers, diaphragm controls, centrifugal governors (service), pneumatic governor (MZ, service), unit injection, low-pressure system (lift pumps, lift-pump service), fuel filters and water separators
  • Electronic Management Systems: background, modern diesel engines, solenoid-actuated injectors, piezo-actuated injectors (service), unit injection, analog versus digital, Bosch CAN bus, on-board computer (central processing unit, memory, peripherals, sensors, actuators), tools, troubleshooting (methods for troubleshooting every component in EMS-equipped diesel engine), Caterpillar EMS, components of Caterpillar EMS, electronic unit injector, low-pressure circuit, high-pressure circuit, hydraulic/electronic unit injector (injector service, HEUI hydraulics, fuel pressure, boost pressure, throttle-position sensor, trouble codes, list of Caterpillar HEUI trouble codes, Ford (International) Power Stroke (slow or no-start, power stroke sensor nomenclature and functions, erratic idle, low oil pressure, air in lube oil, injector-drive module, air in fuel circuit, camshaft position sensor), Detroit Diesel (electronic unit injectors, Detroit Diesel electronic control nomenclature, no start, VGT/EGR, major DDEC flash and PID codes)  

Day 2 - Diesel Engine Failure Modes, Inspection, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, and Refurbishment, Gas Turbine Components, Instrumentation, Governing and Control Systems

  • Common failure modes of diesel engines
  • Diesel engine instrumentation and alarms
  • Diesel engine inspection
  • Diesel engine diagnostics
  • Diesel engine maintenance activities
  • Diesel engine operational activities
  • Diesel engine troubleshooting: malfunctions (engine does not start, cranks slowly, trips after operating for one or two minutes, misfires, fail to develop normal power)
  • Diesel engine tests: fuel quality, fuel system, bleeding, low-pressure circuit tests, high pressure circuit tests
  • Diesel air inlet system: air filter, positive crankcase ventilation (PCV), exhaust gas recirculation, turbocharger, glow plugs, exhaust backpressure
  • Engine Mechanical: fuel leaks, oil leaks, coolant leaks, excessive oil consumption, loss of compression, and oil analysis
  • Maintenance of diesel engines
  • Maintenance of diesel engine lubrication and cooling systems
  • Diesel engine current and future developments
  • Diesel engine capital cost, operation and maintenance cost, and economics
  • Gas Turbine Fundamentals
  • Overview of Gas Turbines
  • Gas Turbine Design
  • Gas Turbine Calculations
  • Gas Turbine Applications in Power Stations, Gas Turbine Protective Systems, and Tests
  • Gas Turbine Compressors
  • Gas Turbine Dynamic Compressors Technology
  • Gas Turbine Compressors Auxiliaries, Off-Design Performance, Stall, and Surge
  • Gas Turbine Centrifugal Compressors - Components, Performance Characteristics, Balancing, Surge Prevention Systems, and Testing
  • Gas Turbine Dynamic Compressors Performance
  • Gas Turbine Compressor Seal Systems
  • Gas Turbine Dry Seals, Advanced Sealing Mechanisms, and Magnetic Bearings  
  • Gas Turbine Power Station Performance Monitoring
  • Gas Turbine Governing Systems
  • Gas Turbine Protective Devices
  • Gas Turbine Instrumentation
  • Gas Turbine Lubrication Systems
  • Frequently Asked Questions about Gas Turbine-Generator Balancing, Vibration Analysis and Maintenance

Day 3 - Gas Turbine Materials, Auxiliaries, Maintenance, Emisions, Computer Simulation of Gas Turbines

  • Gas Turbine Combustors
  • Axial-Flow Turbines
  • Gas Turbine Materials
  • Gas Turbine Lubrication and Fuel Systems
  • Gas Turbine Bearing and Seals
  • Gas Turbine Instrumentation and Control Systems
  • Gas Turbine Performance Characteristics
  • Gas Turbine Operating and Maintenance Considerations
  • Gas Turbine Emission Guidelines and Control Systems   
  • Effects of ambient temperature and pressure on gas turbine performance
  • Simulation of effects of component deterioration on engine performance
  • Power Augmentation
  • Simulation of engine control system performance
  • Profits, Revenue and Life Cycle Cost Analysis
  • Non-Dimensional Analysis
  • Computer Simulation Applications
  • Computer Simulation of Gas Turbines