Diversity and Inclusion Resources

Definitions of designated groups


Racially visible persons

Racially visible persons are people in Canada (other than Aboriginal peoples) who are non-white in colour and non-Caucasian in race, regardless of their place of birth or citizenship.

Examples of racially visible groups

  • Black
  • Latin American
  • East Asian (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean)
  • South Asian ( e.g., Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi)
  • Southeast Asian (e.g., Burmese, Cambodian, Filipino, Laotian, Thai, Vietnamese)
  • West Asian and Arab (e.g., Iranian, Lebanese, Egyptian, Armenian, Palestinian, Syrian, Moroccan)
  • People of mixed origin (e.g., with one parent in one of the racially visible groups listed above)

Aboriginal persons

Aboriginal persons are those who identify themselves as Metis, Inuit, First Nations or North American Indian.  First Nations or North American Indian include status, treaty or registered Indians, as well as non-status and non-registered Indians.

Persons with a disability

Persons with a disability are persons who have a long term or recurring physical, sensory, mental, psychiatric or learning impairment and who

  • consider themselves to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment
  • believe an employer or potential employer is likely to consider them to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment
  • persons whose functional limitations due to their impairment have been accommodated in their current job or workplace by the use of technical aids, changes to equipment or other working arrangements

Examples of groups of persons with a disability

  • Coordination/dexterity (e.g. cerebral palsy)
  • Blind/visual impairment
  • Speech Impairment
  • Non-visible physical impairment (e.g. hemophilia)
  • Developmental/mental impairment (e.g. Down’s Syndrome)
  • Mobility impairment (e.g. need to use a wheelchair)
  • Learning disability (e.g. dyslexia)
  • Deaf/hearing impairment
  • Psychiatric impairment (e.g. severe depression)