Use between elements of a series in running text. Only use a comma before the final "and," "or" or "nor" to avoid confusion.
PS: - appears with colon and without periods.
Acronyms should be all caps, no periods, no spaces. - GPA, ID cards
Quotation marks are placed outside commas and periods and inside semicolons and colons.
Question marks and exclamation points are placed inside quotation marks if they are part of the quote and outside if they are not.
Items placedinside quotation marks include article titles, direct quotes, parts of books, and short poems.
Dashes and hypens
en dash (longer than hyphen, shorter than em dash): use in ranges, such as dates and times, and to connect nouns. - 3:00–5:15 p.m., June 6–10
- human–computer interaction
*To make an en dash, press ctrl+minus. Looks like: –
em dash: use as a strong comma or parenthesis—or for extra emphasis
*To make an em dash, press ctrl+alt+minus. Looks like: —
hyphen: use hyphens in compound adjectives - 12-year-old world-class athlete
Use one space, not two, between the end punctuation of one sentence and the beginning of the next.
When using a slash "/" omit surrounding spaces.
An ellipsis ( ... ) is used to indicate an omission from text or a quotation. Insert one space before and after the ellipsis. No further punctuation is required when an ellipsis ends a sentence.
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4R2
Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada B2N 5E3