CP abbreviations for provinces/states are different than those used by the postal service. Use the abbreviations below for Canadian provinces when they follow name of a community. (For American states, consult the Canadian Press Stylebook.)
An abbreviation has not yet been established for Nunavut, so it should be written out in all references
Use Canada Post abbreviations in mailing addresses: - AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT
*See Dalhousie mailing address for more information
Use abbreviations for time zones with a clock reading: - 11 a.m MST or midnight Sunday night PST
Spell out time zones when they are not accompanied by a clock reading:
- Newfoundland daylight time
Capitalize Newfoundland, Atlantic and Pacific time zones when spelled out. Other time zones are lowercase: eastern, mountain and central.
Celsius is abbreviated with a capital letter C, no period and one space between the temperature and abbreviation:
- 35 C, -6 C
Do not insert any spaces if using the degree symbol:
- 35°C, -6°C
Spell out numbers one through nine. For 10 and above, use numerals.
Exceptions that always require numerals:
measurements that use abbreviations or symbols
combined whole numbers and fractions
A number used to start a sentence is always spelled out
Percentages should always be expressed in numerals followed by "per cent."
In text that includes numerous references to percentages, the symbol % is acceptable with no space between the number and the symbol.
For number ranges, use a hyphen between two numbers to indicate "up to and including" or "through." For number ranges preceded by "from" or "between," use "to" or "through" and "and" respectively: - The information is found on pages 123-154
- from 1947 to 1949
- between 100 and 150
Numbers with four or more digits: commas are used to separate three-digit groups except for house numbers, phone numbers, years and other serial numbers: - 1,000 not 1000; 3607 Charles Street
Avoid using too many zeros. Very large numbers can be written using a mix of numerals and spelled-out numbers: - 251.6 billion
School grades: Grade 7, but seventh grade
Use numerals to represent currency with the appropriate symbols. There is no space between the symbol and the numeral: - $8.99
Very large currency amounts can be written using a combination of numerals and words with the currency symbol: - $9.34 million, not $9.34 million dollars
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4R2
Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada B2N 5E3