It’s always exciting to move! For some people it can be stressful as well. You should become familiar with some of the common terms used when renting. Knowing what is expected and what things mean will help you make an informed decision about your move.
Housing Types & Definitions
Basement Suites / Apts
- Also known as garden suites, ground-level suites
- Usually, basement suites that are below ground level
- In Nova Scotia, there are low-rise apartments (few-stories, 2-5 stories) and high-rise apartments (many stories, 5+ stories)
- Some apartments are split up into different suites/rooms for multiple people living with shared common space, bathroom, and kitchen
- Some apartments offer studio and bachelor style units for single-person living
- In Nova Scotia, some houses are split into multiple units
- Leasing a full house or multiple units within a house is different from renting a room
- Consider if there are yard upkeep responsibilities (shovelling snow in the winter, mowing the lawn, etc. )
A room rental involves accommodation in a shared house/apartment. This can be furnished or unfurnished and typically involves the sharing of utility expenses.
· A specific marketplace for short-term accommodations for things such as vacation rentals. These types of rentals are provided through a specific app and are similar to hotel rentals - except it involves whole apartments/units. This is not a long-term accommodation.
This is short for a condominium. A condo is an apartment/unit that is privately owned within a building. The owner of the property could rent out the apartment and would subsequently be the landlord.
Glossary of Common Terms & Questions
What is a lease?
A lease is a legal contract that defines your rights and responsibilities in terms of a rental property. There are two types of lease contracts: one-year lease and month-to-month. For a one-year lease, you must stay for the full year and give three months notice before the end of the lease. If you cannot stay the entire year, you might be able to sublet the apartment to someone else, but you are still responsible for the property. For a month-to-month lease you must give one month's notice before vacating.
What is a rental application?
Rental companies usually require you to submit an application (check out this example provided by CMHC). In general, to apply for housing, you must show that you'll be a good tenant by abiding by the rental agreement, committing to the duration of the lease and paying rent on time. Once you've signed a lease, it's difficult to break the contract. You may be asked to provide the following information:
· Biographical information about yourself and any potential roommates.
- Information about where you've lived before and offer references.
- Proof of financial means and undergo a credit check.
- Provide details of a Canadian bank
- Provide a guarantor if you don't have full-time work.
- Pay a damage deposit (half a month's rent) to secure the apartment.
- Provide proof of tenant insurance.
What is a Sublet?
A sublet is a type of rental agreement between a tenant and a subtenant. This means that the tenant of a rental unit finds someone else to rent their unit from them for a period of time. You must have permission from your landlord to sublet your apartment before someone new moves in.
What is a damage deposit and how much will it cost?
In Nova Scotia, renters pay a damage or security deposit before moving in. The deposit cannot be any more than one half of one month's rent. The deposit is returned when you move out, if the apartment is found to be in the same condition as when you moved in.
What is a Co-signer or Guarantor?
A co-signer or guarantor is someone who can take responsibility of the tenants rent if they can not pay it themselves (usually a parent/ guardian)
How much will my new apartment really cost?
To estimate how much an apartment will cost you in addition to rental payments, be sure to ask the rental company for an estimate of any utilities that aren't included (heat, electricity, cable, internet and water). In winter months, furnace oil for a house can cost as much as $400/month. Also keep in mind that hooking up services, such as electricity, will involve a one-time connection fee.
What should I expect when I move in/out?
Before you move in, the superintendent for the apartment building or representative for the leasing company should go through the apartment or house with you. Together you'll fill in a form which reflects the state of the apartment when you checked in. Look over the space carefully and be sure any existing damage or issues are written down. If your landlord doesn't do this with you, then do it yourself and send it to the rental company. This document will be used to decide how much damage deposit will be returned upon moving out, so it's in your best interest to take it seriously.
What is an Assignment or Lease Take Over?
An assignment/lease take over is a permanent change to a tenancy. The person taking over a lease (the assignee) signs or enters into a new lease with the landlord and takes over the unit once the (original) tenant leaves
Canadian Bank Account
this is what you will use to pay rent (make sure to open an account as soon as you arrive in Canada, or from abroad, if possible
Proof of Employment
some landlord and property managers will request proof of employment or employer references to prove that you work in Canada and have a regular stream of income to pay rent
a statement of your savings to prove that you can pay rent. Ensure that your account numbers are not on these statements